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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


Nicolls is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Nicolls comes from the given name Nicholas. Nicholas derives from the Greek Nikolaos, which is made up of the words nikan, meaning to conquer, and laos, meaning people. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)


Nicolls Early Origins



The surname Nicolls was first found in Cheshire, where Nicholas D'Albini, who was of the junior line of the Dukes of D'Albini in Normandy, settled in 1054, and his successor William became Baron of Malpas. Waleram Nicholai was listed in Suffolk in 1198 and Nicholaus was listed in Lincolnshire in 1147-1166. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
By the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the name was scattered as seen by: William filius Nicoll in Shropshire; and John Nicole and Stephen Nichole in Oxfordshire. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

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Nicolls Spelling Variations


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Nicolls Spelling Variations



Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Nicholl, Niccolls, Nichel, Nichol, Nicholls, Nichols, Nickel, Nickle, Nickles, Nicolls, Nicol, Nycol, Nuckles and many more.

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Nicolls Early History


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Nicolls Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nicolls research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1307, 1500, 1550, 1589, 1555, 1584, 1559, 1616, 1590, 1668, 1587, 1642, 1619, 1683, 1624, 1672, 1630, 1687, 1672, 1673, 1699, 1778, 1681, 1727, 1727, 1658, 1640, 1640, 1648, 1664, 1712 and 1756 are included under the topic Early Nicolls History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Nicolls Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Nicolls Early Notables (pre 1700)



Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Blessed George Nichols ( c. 1550-1589), an English Catholic martyr; John Nicholls (1555-1584), a controversial author; Sir Augustine Nicolls (1559-1616), a judge; John Nicoll (c.1590-1668), a Scottish chronicler; Sir Francis Nicolls, 1st Baronet (c. 1587-1642), Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle and Northamptonshire; Sir...

Another 108 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nicolls Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Nicolls In Ireland


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Nicolls In Ireland



Some of the Nicolls family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 245 words (18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Nicolls or a variant listed above:

Nicolls Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Richard Nicolls, who arrived in Virginia in 1650
  • Frances Nicolls, who arrived in Maryland in 1666
  • William Nicolls, who arrived in Maryland in 1666
  • Sarah Nicolls, who arrived in Maryland in 1670
  • Nicholas Nicolls, who landed in Maryland in 1680

Nicolls Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • John Nicolls, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1712

Nicolls Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Robert Nicolls, aged 24, landed in New York, NY in 1833
  • Thomas Nicolls, aged 24, arrived in New York, NY in 1834
  • W Nicolls, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851

Nicolls Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • James Nicolls, aged 21, landed in Quebec in 1834

Nicolls Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Nicolls, aged 24, a miner, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Prince Regent"

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Contemporary Notables of the name Nicolls (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Nicolls (post 1700)



  • Sir Edward Nicolls (d. 1717), 3rd Baronet
  • Oliver Nicolls (1801-1808), English Commander-in-chief of Bombay
  • Lieutenant General Sir Jasper Nicolls KCB (1778-1849), English Commander-in-Chief, India
  • Jasper Hume Nicolls (1818-1877), Canadian Anglican priest, the first Principal of Bishop's College (now Bishop's University)
  • General Sir Edward Nicolls KCB (1779-1865), Irish officer of the Royal Marines, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence (19251927)
  • George Nicolls (b. 1942), Irish politician and solicitor

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fide sed cui vide
Motto Translation: Trust, but in whom take care.


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Nicolls Family Crest Products


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Nicolls Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Other References

  1. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  2. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  3. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  4. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  5. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  6. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  7. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  8. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  9. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  10. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  11. ...

The Nicolls Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nicolls Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 31 August 2015 at 16:03.

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