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Nichols is one of the names carried to England in the great wave of migration from Normandy following the Norman Conquest in 1066. It is based on the given name Nicholas. Nicholas derives from the Greek Nikolaos, which is made up of the words nikan, meaning to conquer, and laos, meaning people. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)


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The surname Nichols was first found in Cheshire, where Nicholas D'Albini, who was of the junior line of the Dukes of D'Albini in Normandy, settled in 1054, and his successor William became Baron of Malpas. Waleram Nicholai was listed in Suffolk in 1198 and Nicholaus was listed in Lincolnshire in 1147-1166. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
By the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the name was scattered as seen by: William filius Nicoll in Shropshire; and John Nicole and Stephen Nichole in Oxfordshire. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Nicholl, Niccolls, Nichel, Nichol, Nicholls, Nichols, Nickel, Nickle, Nickles, Nicolls, Nicol, Nycol, Nuckles and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nichols research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1307, 1500, 1550, 1589, 1555, 1584, 1559, 1616, 1590, 1668, 1587, 1642, 1619, 1683, 1624, 1672, 1630, 1687, 1672, 1673, 1699, 1778, 1681, 1727, 1727, 1658, 1640, 1640, 1648, 1664, 1712 and 1756 are included under the topic Early Nichols History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Blessed George Nichols ( c. 1550-1589), an English Catholic martyr; John Nicholls (1555-1584), a controversial author; Sir Augustine Nicolls (1559-1616), a judge; John Nicoll (c.1590-1668), a Scottish chronicler; Sir Francis Nicolls, 1st Baronet (c. 1587-1642), Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle and Northamptonshire; Sir...

Another 108 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nichols Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Nichols family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 245 words (18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlanti c. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Nichols or a variant listed above:

Nichols Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Nichols, who immigrated to Virginia in 1607
  • Roger Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Walter Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1637
  • Francis Nichols, who arrived in Connecticut in 1639
  • Fr Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1641
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Nichols Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Frances Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1713
  • Clement Nichols, who arrived in New England in 1714
  • John Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
  • Thomas Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1715
  • Emanuel Nichols, who arrived in America in 1760-1763
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Nichols Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James A Nichols, who landed in America in 1804
  • John Nichols, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1831
  • William Nichols, who landed in New York in 1834
  • Lyman Nichols, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • John B Nichols, who arrived in Texas in 1850-1906
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Nichols Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • William Nichols, who came to Quidi Vidi, Newfoundland in 1708
  • Mary Nichols, who arrived in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1722
  • Joseph Nichols, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Thomas Nichols, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Ruth Nichols, who arrived in New Brunswick in 1783
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Nichols Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Mary Nichols, who immigrated to Harbour Grace, Newfoundland in 1827
  • Jonathan G Nichols, who landed in Canada in 1828
  • Daniel Nichols, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • Mr. Nichols, aged 30, a shoemaker, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Sarah" from Bristol, England
  • Mrs. Nichols, aged 30, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Sarah" from Bristol, England

Nichols Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Nichols, English convict from Norfolk, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • Elizabeth Nichols arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
  • James Nichols arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
  • Nicholas Nichols arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
  • Robert Nichols arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
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Nichols Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Rachel Nichols, aged 25, a nurse, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gainsborough" in 1878
  • Lucy Nichols, aged 18, a housemaid, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gainsborough" in 1878
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  • J. Hugh Nichols (1930-2015), American politician, County Executive of Howard County, Maryland (1978-1986)
  • Brigadier-General Harold Floyd Nichols (1888-1983), American Assistant Chief of Staff (G-1), 6th Army (1946-1947)
  • Charles Augustus "Kid" Nichols (1869-1953), American Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1890 through 1906
  • Jennifer Nichols (b. 1983), American gold and bronze medalist archer at the 2007 Pan American Games
  • Joseph Edward "Joe" Nichols (b. 1976), American country music artist
  • Roger Nichols, American composer and songwriter who has written songs with Paul Williams and Tony Asher
  • Robert "Bobby" Herman Nichols (b. 1936), American professional golfer
  • Major General Kenneth David "Nick" Nichols (1907-2000), United States Army officer and an engineer who worked on the Manhattan Project
  • Mike Nichols (1931-2014), born Mikhail Igorevich Peschkowsky, American television, stage and film director, writer, and producer and one of only twelve people to have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards
  • Nichelle Nichols (b. 1932), American actress, singer and voice artist best known as the communications officer Lieutenant Uhura aboard the USS Enterprise in the popular Star Trek television series
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Nichols Historic Events



Arrow Air Flight 1285

  • Mr. Richard Sidney Nichols (b. 1950), American Sergeant from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, USA who died in the crash of Arrow Air Flight 1285 on December 12, 1985 in Gander, Newfoundland, Canada

HMAS Sydney II

  • Mr. Francis Roy Nichols (1923-1941), Australian Ordinary Seaman 2nd Class from Elderslie, Tasmania, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking

HMS Hood

  • Mr. Thomas F Nichols (b. 1920), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from London, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. A. D. Nichols (d. 1912), aged 34, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
  • Mr. Walter Henry Nichols, aged 35, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 15
  • Mr. Alfred Nichols (d. 1912), aged 42, English Boatswain from Shirley, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fide sed cui vide
Motto Translation: Trust, but in whom take care.

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Citations



  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Other References

  1. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  2. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  3. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  4. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  5. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  6. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  7. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  8. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  9. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  10. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  11. ...

The Nichols Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nichols Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 15 August 2016 at 03:12.

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