Nichols History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Nichols is one of the names carried to England in the great wave of migration from Normandy following the Norman Conquest in 1066. It is based on the given name Nicholas. Nicholas derives from the Greek Nikolaos, which is made up of the words nikan, meaning to conquer, and laos, meaning people. [1]

Early Origins of the Nichols family

The surname Nichols was first found in Cheshire, where Nicholas D'Albini, who was of the junior line of the Dukes of D'Albini in Normandy, settled in 1054, and his successor William became Baron of Malpas. Waleram Nicholai was listed in Suffolk in 1198 and Nicholaus was listed in Lincolnshire in 1147-1166. [1] By the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the name was scattered as seen by: William filius Nicoll in Shropshire; and John Nicole and Stephen Nichole in Oxfordshire. [2]

Important Dates for the Nichols family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nichols research. Another 53 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1307, 1500, 1550, 1589, 1555, 1584, 1559, 1616, 1590, 1668, 1587, 1642, 1619, 1683, 1624, 1672, 1630, 1687, 1672, 1673, 1699, 1778, 1681, 1727, 1727, 1658, 1640, 1640, 1648, 1664, 1712 and 1756 are included under the topic Early Nichols History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Nichols Spelling Variations

Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Nicholl, Niccolls, Nichel, Nichol, Nicholls, Nichols, Nickel, Nickle, Nickles, Nicolls, Nicol, Nycol, Nuckles and many more.

Early Notables of the Nichols family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Blessed George Nichols (c. 1550-1589), an English Catholic martyr; John Nicholls (1555-1584), a controversial author; Sir Augustine Nicolls (1559-1616), a judge; John Nicoll (c.1590-1668), a Scottish chronicler; Sir Francis Nicolls, 1st Baronet (c. 1587-1642), Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle and Northamptonshire; Sir Edward Nicolls, 2nd Baronet (c. 1619-1683); Richard Nicolls (1624-1672), the first English colonial governor of New York province; Matthias Nicoll (1630-1687), American politician, 6th Mayor of New York City...
Another 79 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nichols Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Nichols family to Ireland

Some of the Nichols family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 129 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Nichols migration to the United States

Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Nichols or a variant listed above:

Nichols Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Nichols, who immigrated to Virginia in 1607
  • Roger Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • Walter Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1637 [3]
  • Francis Nichols, who arrived in Connecticut in 1639 [3]
  • Fr Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1641 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Nichols Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Frances Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 [3]
  • Clement Nichols, who arrived in New England in 1714 [3]
  • John Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [3]
  • Thomas Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1715 [3]
  • Emanuel Nichols, who arrived in America in 1760-1763 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Nichols Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James A Nichols, who landed in America in 1804 [3]
  • John Nichols, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1831 [3]
  • William Nichols, who landed in New York in 1834 [3]
  • Lyman Nichols, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • John B Nichols, who arrived in Texas in 1850-1906 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nichols migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Nichols Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • William Nichols, who settled in Quidi Vidi, Newfoundland in 1708 [4]
  • Mary Nichols, who arrived in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1722 [4]
  • Joseph Nichols, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Thomas Nichols, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Ruth Nichols, who arrived in New Brunswick in 1783
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Nichols Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mary Nichols, who immigrated to Harbour Grace, Newfoundland in 1827 [4]
  • Jonathan G Nichols, who landed in Canada in 1828
  • Daniel Nichols, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • Mr. Nichols, aged 30, a shoemaker, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Sarah" from Bristol, England
  • Mrs. Nichols, aged 30, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Sarah" from Bristol, England

Nichols migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Nichols Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Nichols, English convict from Norfolk, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Elizabeth Nichols, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838 [6]
  • James Nichols, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838 [6]
  • Nicholas Nichols, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838 [6]
  • Robert Nichols, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nichols migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Nichols Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. W. Nichols, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Sir Edward Paget" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th May 1853 [7]
  • Mr. George Nichols, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Nourmahal" arriving in Dunedin, Otaga, South Island, New Zealand on 5th May 1858 [8]
  • Mrs. Nichols, British settler travelling from London with 2 sons and 3 daughters aboard the ship "Nourmahal" arriving in Dunedin, Otaga, South Island, New Zealand on 5th May 1858 [8]
  • Mr. William Nichols, (b. 1856), aged 7, Cornish settler departing on 20th October 1863 aboard the ship "Tiptree" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 20th January 1864, travelling with William and Sarah Clarke [9]
  • Miss C. Nichols, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Wild Duck" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 20th December 1867 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Nichols (post 1700)

  • Richard Nichols (1926-2019), American Republican politician, U.S. Representative from Kansas 5th District, 1991-93 [10]
  • Don Nichols (1924-2017), American U.S. Army combat veteran, founder and former principal of the Shadow CanAm and Formula One racing team
  • Nichelle Nichols (b. 1932), born Grace Dell Nichols, an American actress, singer and voice artist best known as the communications officer Lieutenant Uhura aboard the USS Enterprise in the popular Star Trek television series
  • J. Hugh Nichols (1930-2015), American politician, County Executive of Howard County, Maryland (1978-1986)
  • Brigadier-General Harold Floyd Nichols (1888-1983), American Assistant Chief of Staff (G-1), 6th Army (1946-1947) [11]
  • Charles Augustus "Kid" Nichols (1869-1953), American Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1890 through 1906
  • Jennifer Nichols (b. 1983), American gold and bronze medalist archer at the 2007 Pan American Games
  • Joseph Edward "Joe" Nichols (b. 1976), American country music artist
  • Roger Nichols, American composer and songwriter who has written songs with Paul Williams and Tony Asher
  • Robert "Bobby" Herman Nichols (b. 1936), American professional golfer
  • ... (Another 184 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Nichols family

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Richard Sidney Nichols (b. 1950), American Sergeant from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, USA who died in the crash [12]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Francis Roy Nichols (1923-1941), Australian Ordinary Seaman 2nd Class from Elderslie, Tasmania, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Thomas F Nichols (b. 1920), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Wilfred Nichols, British Able Seaman with the Royal Fleet Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [15]
  • Arthur Hill Nichols (1904-1939), British Shipwright 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. A. D. Nichols (d. 1912), aged 34, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [16]
  • Mr. Walter Henry Nichols, aged 35, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 15 [16]
  • Mr. Alfred Nichols (d. 1912), aged 42, English Boatswain from Shirley, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [16]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. John E. Nichols, American Radioman First Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Louis Duffie Nichols, American Seaman Second Class from Alabama, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Alfred Rose Nichols, American Seaman First Class from Alabama, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Bethel Allan Nichols, American Seaman First Class from Washington, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Clifford Leroy Nichols, American Turret Captain First Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [17]

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Citations

  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HENY PORCHER 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838HenryPorcher.htm
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 23) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2014, March 26) Harold Nichols. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Nichols/Harold_Floyd/USA.html
  12. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  13. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  14. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  15. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  16. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  17. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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