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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: English, German
Nichols is one of the names carried to England in the great wave of migration from Normandy following the Norman Conquest in 1066. It is based on the given name Nicholas. Nicholas derives from the Greek Nikolaos, which is made up of the words nikan, meaning to conquer, and laos, meaning people. 
The surname Nichols was first found in Cheshire, where Nicholas D'Albini, who was of the junior line of the Dukes of D'Albini in Normandy, settled in 1054, and his successor William became Baron of Malpas. Waleram Nicholai was listed in Suffolk in 1198 and Nicholaus was listed in Lincolnshire in 1147-1166.  By the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the name was scattered as seen by: William filius Nicoll in Shropshire; and John Nicole and Stephen Nichole in Oxfordshire. 
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Nicholl, Niccolls, Nichel, Nichol, Nicholls, Nichols, Nickel, Nickle, Nickles, Nicolls, Nicol, Nycol, Nuckles and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nichols research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1307, 1500, 1550, 1589, 1555, 1584, 1559, 1616, 1590, 1668, 1587, 1642, 1619, 1683, 1624, 1672, 1630, 1687, 1672, 1673, 1699, 1778, 1681, 1727, 1727, 1658, 1640, 1640, 1648, 1664, 1712 and 1756 are included under the topic Early Nichols History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 301 words (22 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nichols Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Nichols family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 245 words (18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Nichols or a variant listed above:
Nichols Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- John Nichols, who immigrated to Virginia in 1607
- Roger Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1635
- Walter Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1637
- Francis Nichols, who arrived in Connecticut in 1639
- Fr Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1641
Nichols Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Frances Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1713
- Clement Nichols, who arrived in New England in 1714
- Jno Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
- Thos Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1715
- Emanuel Nichols, who arrived in America in 1760-1763
Nichols Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- James A Nichols, who landed in America in 1804
- John Nichols, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1831
- William Nichols, who landed in New York in 1834
- Lyman Nichols, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850
- John B Nichols, who arrived in Texas in 1850-1906
Nichols Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- William Nichols, who came to Quidi Vidi, Newfoundland in 1708
- Mary Nichols, who arrived in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1722
- Joseph Nichols, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
- Ruth Nichols, who arrived in New Brunswick in 1783
- Mr. William Nichols U.E. (b. 1743) born in Waterbury, Connecticut, USA from Waterbury, New Haven, Connecticut, USA who died before arriving in Wilmot Township, Nova Scotia c. 1783 he was a recruiter for the British Army, his wife Sarah (née Richards) arrived with 5 children settling in Wilmot, Digby, Nova Scotia
Nichols Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Mary Nichols, who immigrated to Harbour Grace, Newfoundland in 1827
- Jonathan G Nichols, who landed in Canada in 1828
- Daniel Nichols, who arrived in Canada in 1831
- Mr. Nichols, aged 30, a shoemaker, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the brig "Sarah" from Bristol
- Mrs. Nichols, aged 30, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the brig "Sarah" from Bristol
Nichols Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- John Nichols, English convict from Norfolk, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
- Elizabeth Nichols arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
- James Nichols arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
- Nicholas Nichols arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
- Robert Nichols arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
Nichols Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Rachel Nichols, aged 25, a nurse, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gainsborough" in 1878
- Lucy Nichols, aged 18, a housemaid, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gainsborough" in 1878
- J. Hugh Nichols (1930-2015), American politician, County Executive of Howard County, Maryland (1978-1986)
- Brigadier-General Harold Floyd Nichols (1888-1983), American Assistant Chief of Staff (G-1), 6th Army (1946-1947)
- Charles Augustus "Kid" Nichols (1869-1953), American Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1890 through 1906
- Jennifer Nichols (b. 1983), American gold and bronze medalist archer at the 2007 Pan American Games
- Joseph Edward "Joe" Nichols (b. 1976), American country music artist
- Roger Nichols, American composer and songwriter who has written songs with Paul Williams and Tony Asher
- Robert "Bobby" Herman Nichols (b. 1936), American professional golfer
- Major General Kenneth David "Nick" Nichols (1907-2000), United States Army officer and an engineer who worked on the Manhattan Project
- Mike Nichols (1931-2014), born Mikhail Igorevich Peschkowsky, American television, stage and film director, writer, and producer and one of only twelve people to have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards
- Nichelle Nichols (b. 1932), American actress, singer and voice artist best known as the communications officer Lieutenant Uhura aboard the USS Enterprise in the popular Star Trek television series
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fide sed cui vide
Motto Translation: Trust, but in whom take care.
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
- Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
- Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
- Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
- Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
- Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
- Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
- Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
- Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
The Nichols Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nichols Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 2 March 2016 at 14:31.
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