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Nichols History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: English, German


Nichols is one of the names carried to England in the great wave of migration from Normandy following the Norman Conquest in 1066. It is based on the given name Nicholas. Nicholas derives from the Greek Nikolaos, which is made up of the words nikan, meaning to conquer, and laos, meaning people. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)


Early Origins of the Nichols family


The surname Nichols was first found in Cheshire, where Nicholas D'Albini, who was of the junior line of the Dukes of D'Albini in Normandy, settled in 1054, and his successor William became Baron of Malpas. Waleram Nicholai was listed in Suffolk in 1198 and Nicholaus was listed in Lincolnshire in 1147-1166. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
By the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the name was scattered as seen by: William filius Nicoll in Shropshire; and John Nicole and Stephen Nichole in Oxfordshire. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Early History of the Nichols family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nichols research.
Another 105 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1307, 1500, 1550, 1589, 1555, 1584, 1559, 1616, 1590, 1668, 1587, 1642, 1619, 1683, 1624, 1672, 1630, 1687, 1672, 1673, 1699, 1778, 1681, 1727, 1727, 1658, 1640, 1640, 1648, 1664, 1712 and 1756 are included under the topic Early Nichols History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Nichols Spelling Variations


Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Nicholl, Niccolls, Nichel, Nichol, Nicholls, Nichols, Nickel, Nickle, Nickles, Nicolls, Nicol, Nycol, Nuckles and many more.

Early Notables of the Nichols family (pre 1700)


Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Blessed George Nichols (c. 1550-1589), an English Catholic martyr; John Nicholls (1555-1584), a controversial author; Sir Augustine Nicolls (1559-1616), a judge; John Nicoll (c.1590-1668), a Scottish chronicler; Sir Francis Nicolls, 1st Baronet (c. 1587-1642), Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle and Northamptonshire; Sir...
Another 108 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nichols Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Nichols family to Ireland


Some of the Nichols family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 245 words (18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Nichols family to the New World and Oceana


Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Nichols or a variant listed above:

Nichols Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Nichols, who immigrated to Virginia in 1607
  • Roger Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Walter Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1637 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Francis Nichols, who arrived in Connecticut in 1639 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Fr Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1641 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nichols Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Frances Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Clement Nichols, who arrived in New England in 1714 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • John Nichols, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Thomas Nichols, who landed in Virginia in 1715 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Emanuel Nichols, who arrived in America in 1760-1763 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nichols Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James A Nichols, who landed in America in 1804 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • John Nichols, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1831 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • William Nichols, who landed in New York in 1834 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Lyman Nichols, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • John B Nichols, who arrived in Texas in 1850-1906 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nichols Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • William Nichols, who settled in Quidi Vidi, Newfoundland in 1708 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • Mary Nichols, who arrived in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1722 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • Joseph Nichols, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Thomas Nichols, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Ruth Nichols, who arrived in New Brunswick in 1783
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nichols Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Mary Nichols, who immigrated to Harbour Grace, Newfoundland in 1827 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • Jonathan G Nichols, who landed in Canada in 1828
  • Daniel Nichols, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • Mr. Nichols, aged 30, a shoemaker, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Sarah" from Bristol, England
  • Mrs. Nichols, aged 30, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Sarah" from Bristol, England

Nichols Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Nichols, English convict from Norfolk, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  • Elizabeth Nichols, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HENY PORCHER 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838HenryPorcher.htm
  • James Nichols, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HENY PORCHER 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838HenryPorcher.htm
  • Nicholas Nichols, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HENY PORCHER 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838HenryPorcher.htm
  • Robert Nichols, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HENY PORCHER 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838HenryPorcher.htm
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nichols Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Rachel Nichols, aged 25, a nurse, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gainsborough" in 1878
  • Lucy Nichols, aged 18, a housemaid, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gainsborough" in 1878

Contemporary Notables of the name Nichols (post 1700)


  • Don Nichols (1924-2017), American U.S. Army combat veteran, founder and former principal of the Shadow CanAm and Formula One racing team
  • Nichelle Nichols (b. 1932), born Grace Dell Nichols, an American actress, singer and voice artist best known as the communications officer Lieutenant Uhura aboard the USS Enterprise in the popular Star Trek television series
  • J. Hugh Nichols (1930-2015), American politician, County Executive of Howard County, Maryland (1978-1986)
  • Brigadier-General Harold Floyd Nichols (1888-1983), American Assistant Chief of Staff (G-1), 6th Army (1946-1947) [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2014, March 26) Harold Nichols. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Nichols/Harold_Floyd/USA.html
  • Charles Augustus "Kid" Nichols (1869-1953), American Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1890 through 1906
  • Jennifer Nichols (b. 1983), American gold and bronze medalist archer at the 2007 Pan American Games
  • Joseph Edward "Joe" Nichols (b. 1976), American country music artist
  • Roger Nichols, American composer and songwriter who has written songs with Paul Williams and Tony Asher
  • Robert "Bobby" Herman Nichols (b. 1936), American professional golfer
  • Major General Kenneth David "Nick" Nichols (1907-2000), United States Army officer and an engineer who worked on the Manhattan Project
  • ... (Another 182 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Nichols family



Arrow Air Flight 1285

  • Mr. Richard Sidney Nichols (b. 1950), American Sergeant from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, USA who died in the crash [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550

HMAS Sydney II

  • Mr. Francis Roy Nichols (1923-1941), Australian Ordinary Seaman 2nd Class from Elderslie, Tasmania, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp

HMS Hood

  • Mr. Thomas F Nichols (b. 1920), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm

HMS Royal Oak

  • Wilfred Nichols, British Able Seaman with the Royal Fleet Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  • Arthur Hill Nichols (1904-1939), British Shipwright 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. A. D. Nichols (d. 1912), aged 34, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [12]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  • Mr. Walter Henry Nichols, aged 35, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 15 [12]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  • Mr. Alfred Nichols (d. 1912), aged 42, English Boatswain from Shirley, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [12]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html

The Nichols Motto


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fide sed cui vide
Motto Translation: Trust, but in whom take care.


Nichols Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HENY PORCHER 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838HenryPorcher.htm
  7. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2014, March 26) Harold Nichols. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Nichols/Harold_Floyd/USA.html
  8. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  9. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  10. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  11. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  12. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html

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