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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016


Originally, Murdoch was a nickname for a person associated with the sea. The name Murdoch derives from one of two Gaelic names which have become indistinguishable from each other. The first of these, Muireach, means belonging to the sea or a mariner. The second name is Murchadh, which means sea warrior.

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Spelling variations were extremely common in medieval names, since scribes from that era recorded names according to sound rather than a standard set of rules. Murdoch has appeared in various documents spelled Murdock, Murdoch, Murtoch, Murtough and others.

First found in Ayrshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Inbhir Àir), formerly a county in the southwestern Strathclyde region of Scotland, that today makes up the Council Areas of South, East, and North Ayrshire, where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Scotland to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Murdoch research. Another 277 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1175, 1214, 1296, and 1420 are included under the topic Early Murdoch History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Murdoch Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Murdoch family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 155 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Descendents of Dalriadan-Scottish families still populate many communities across North America. They are particularly common in Canada, since many went north as United Empire Loyalists at the time of the American War of Independence. Much later, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the highland games and Clan societies that now dot North America sprang up, allowing many Scots to recover their lost national heritage. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Murdoch, or a variant listed above:

Murdoch Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • John Murdoch settled in New England in 1718
  • Robert Murdoch settled in New Hampshire in 1718
  • John Murdoch settled in North Carolina in 1774
  • John Murdoch, aged 17, arrived in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1774
  • Archibald Murdoch, aged 17, landed in New York, NY in 1774

Murdoch Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Sarah Murdoch, who landed in America in 1805
  • Thomas Murdoch, aged 8, arrived in New Castle or Philadelphia in 1805
  • Thos Murdoch, who landed in America in 1805
  • Margaret Murdoch, aged 10, landed in New Castle or Philadelphia in 1805
  • Alexander Murdoch, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1811


Murdoch Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • William Murdoch, aged 22, a weaver, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Eweretta" in 1833

Murdoch Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • George Murdoch, a carpenter, arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • John Murdoch arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Indus" in 1839
  • Margaret Murdoch arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Indus" in 1839
  • Andrew Murdoch arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Indus" in 1839


Murdoch Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Robert M. Murdoch, aged 21, a labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rangitikei" in 1884
  • H. Murdoch arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Tongariro" in 1888

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  • Miss Jessie Murdoch, American 2nd Class passenger from Westbury, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking
  • W. Crawford Murdoch, American Republican politician, Member of Pennsylvania State Senate 44th District, 1919-22
  • John J. Murdoch (b. 1847), American Republican politician, Member of Michigan State House of Representatives from Huron County, 1899-1902
  • John Murdoch, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Montana, 2008
  • Allen C. Murdoch, American Democrat politician, Mayor of Parkersburg, West Virginia, 1929, 1934
  • Alexander Murdoch, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1860
  • Rupert Murdoch AC KSG (b. 1931), Australian-born, American media magnate and the founder, chairman and chief executive officer of News Corporation
  • Mr. William John Murdoch (d. 1912), aged 33, Scottish Senior Sixth Engineer from Stirling, Scotland who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
  • William Murdoch (1754-1839), Scottish engineer and inventor who built a prototype steam locomotive in 1784, recipient of the Rumford Medal
  • Stewart Murdoch (b. 1990), Scottish professional football player from Aberdeen

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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Omine secundo
Motto Translation: With favourable omen.

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  1. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  2. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  3. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  4. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
  6. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  7. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  9. Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
  10. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
  11. ...

The Murdoch Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Murdoch Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 17 April 2016 at 18:50.

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