Martin History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The surname Martin is a Spanish patronymic surname, an early form of hereditary surnames which were derived from the father's given name. Martin comes from the personal name Martin, which is itself derived from the Latin Martinus, whose root is Mars, the name of the Roman god of fertility and war. The name Martin became popular throughout Christian Europe after it was borne by the 4th century saint Martin of Tours.

Early Origins of the Martin family

The surname Martin was first found in Old Castile, in the heart of Spain, where the name originated in Visigothic times.

Early History of the Martin family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Martin research. Another 72 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1136, 1300, 1438, 1638 and 1694 are included under the topic Early Martin History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Martin Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Martínez, Martinez, Martíniz, Martiniz, Martin, Martins, Martín, Marcial and many more.

Early Notables of the Martin family (pre 1700)

Prominent among members of the family were Pedro Martínez de Fita and Petro Martínez de la Font, twelfth century Castilian noblemen, García Martínez de Gordaliza, Ferran Martínez de Petrosa and Sancho Martínez de Leiva, thirteenth century noblemen, Ferrán Martínez, author of the "Libro del cavallero Zifar" (c.1300), Alfonso Martínez de Toledo, Archpriest of Talavera and author of...
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Martin Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Martin World Ranking

In the United States, the name Martin is the 16th most popular surname with an estimated 678,951 people with that name. [1] However, in Canada, the name Martin is ranked the 4th most popular surname with an estimated 91,680 people with that name. [2] And in Quebec, Canada, the name Martin is the 34th popular surname. [3] Newfoundland, Canada ranks Martin as 16th with 871 people. [4] France ranks Martin as 1st with 235,846 people. [5] Australia ranks Martin as 12nd with 60,595 people. [6] New Zealand ranks Martin as 25th with 5,838 people. [7] The United Kingdom ranks Martin as 20th with 117,812 people. [8] South America ranks Martin as 26th with 124 people. [9] South Africa ranks Martin as 267th with 25,719 people. [10]


United States Martin migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Martin Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Martin, who settled in Virginia in 1606
  • Christopher Martin and his wife Mary, who arrived in America on the "Mayflower" in 1620
  • Christopher Martin, who settled in Plymouth in 1620
  • Giles Martin, aged 23, who arrived in New England in 1623
  • Joe Martin, who settled in Providence, Rhode Island in 1635
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Martin Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Adam Martin, who landed in Charles Town, South Carolina in 1782 [11]
Martin Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Charles Martin, aged 20, who landed in New York, NY in 1803 [11]
  • Barbara Martin, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1806 [11]
  • Andrew Martin, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [11]
  • James Martin, who arrived in New York in 1820
  • August, Edmond and Belfort Saint Martin, who settled in New Orleans in 1820
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Martin Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. Robert Martin, (b. 1842), aged 58, Cornish farmer, from St Austell, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Lucania" arriving at Ellis Island, UK on 13th October 1900 en route to California, USA [12]
  • Mr. Richard Martin, (b. 1903), aged 6 months, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Lucania" arriving at Ellis Island, UK on 4th July 1903 en route to Vulcan, Michigan, USA [12]
  • Miss Mildred Martin, (b. 1890), aged 13, Cornish settler, from Helston, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, UK on 12th September 1903 en route to Vulcan, Michigan, USA [12]
  • Mr. John Martin, (b. 1873), aged 30, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "St Paul" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 19th July 1903 en route to Park City, Utah, USA [12]
  • Mrs. Mary Martin, (b. 1865), aged 38, Cornish settler, from Helstone, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 12th September 1903 en route to Vulcan, Michigan, USA [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Martin migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Martin Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Bernard Martin, who landed in Acadia in 1636
  • Pierre Martin, who married Catherine Vigneau in 1630 and sailed with her from Touraine to Acadia in 1636
  • Antoine Martin, son of Jean and Isabelle, who married Denise Sevestre, daughter of Charles and Marie, in Quebec on 18th June 1646 [13]
  • Mr. Louis Martin, French labourer travelling to Canada to work for Arnaud Peré arriving on 26th March 1656 [14]
  • Mr. Joachim Martin, French labourer travelling to Canada to work for François Peron, arriving on 11th April 1656 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Martin Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Louis Martin, son of Joachim and Anne, who married Louise Raté, daughter of Jacques and Anne, in Saint-Pierre-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Quebec on 12th January 1700 [13]
  • Jean-Baptiste Martin, son of Joachim and Anne, who married Marie Genest, daughter of Jacques and Catherine, in Saint-Pierre-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Quebec on 25th November 1710 [13]
  • Jean-François Martin, son of Mathieu-François and Catherine, who married Angélique Chartier, daughter of René-Louis and Marie-Madeleine, in Quebec on 3rd November 1712 [13]
  • François Martin, son of François and Catherine, who married Marie-Jeanne Trotier, daughter of Joseph and Jeanne, in Quebec on 14th May 1713 [13]
  • Hilaire Martin, son of Pierre and Marie-Madeleine, who married Marguerite Bruneau, daughter of René and Anne, in Quebec on 8th November 1714 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Martin Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Christian Martin, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • Thomas Martin, aged 25, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "William" from Cork, Ireland
  • Johanna Martin, aged 30, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "William" from Cork, Ireland
  • William Martin, aged 18, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Jane Martin, aged 35, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Sea Horse" in 1833
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Martin Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Mr. William Martin, (b. 1884), aged 21, Cornish carpenter, from St Blazey, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Caronia" arriving at Ellis Island, UK on 10th April 1905 en route to Greenwood, British Columbia, Canada [12]

Australia Martin migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Martin Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. John Martin, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 16th July 1789, sentenced for 7 years for stealing black tin from Mr. Daniell, transported Atlantic" on 27th March 1791 to New South Wales, Australia [15]
Martin Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Martin, British Convict who was convicted in Southampton, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [16]
  • Miss. Jane Martin, Irish convict who was convicted in Waterford, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [17]
  • Mr. Joseph Martin, (Shephard, John), British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Coromandel" on 4th December 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [18]
  • Mr. James Martin, English convict who was convicted in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England for 7 years for burglary, transported aboard the "Duke of Portland" in January 1807, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [19]
  • Mr. Joseph Martin, (b. 1765), aged 42, English brick layer who was convicted in Chelmsford, Essex, England for 14 years , transported aboard the "Duke of Portland" in January 1807, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [19]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Martin Settlers in Australia in the 20th Century
  • Miss Millicent Martin, (b. 1883), aged 18, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Duke of Devonshire" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 16th January 1901 [20]

New Zealand Martin migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Martin Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Albin Martin, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mrs Hannah Martin, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Martha Ridgway
  • Hugh Martin, who landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1840
  • Robert Martin, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • James Martin, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Martin migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [21]
Martin Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Simon Martin, who immigrated to St Christopher in 1633
  • Mr. John Martin, Cornish settler from St Ives, Cornwall, (b. 1616), aged 18, British settler travelling from Plymouth, England aboard the ship "Margarett" arriving in St Christopher (Saint Kitts) on 1st March 1634 [22]
  • Mr. Simon Martin, Cornish settler from St Ives, Cornwall, (b. 1616), aged 18, British settler travelling from Plymouth, England aboard the ship "Margarett" arriving in St Christopher (Saint Kitts) on 1st March 1634 [22]
  • Mr. Thomas Martin, Cornish settler from Cardinham, Cornwall, (b. 1610), aged 24, British settler travelling from Plymouth, England aboard the ship "Margarett" arriving in St Christopher (Saint Kitts) on 1st March 1634 [22]
  • Mr. Thomas Martin, (b. 1619), aged 16, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Anne and Elizabeth" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [23]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Martin (post 1700) +

  • Sir George Martin (1926-2016), English six-time Grammy Award winning music producer, best known for his work with the "Beatles,"sometimes referred to as "the Fifth Beatle"; for 37 straight weeks one of Martin's recordings topped the British charts in 1963
  • Knox Martin (1923-2022), Columbian-born, American painter, sculptor and muralist, named to the National Academy of Design in 2002
  • Andra Martin (1935-2022), born Sandra Rehn, an American actress who appeared in many television series and a few movies, known or her roles in Up Periscope, The Thing That Couldn't Die, Yellowstone Kelly
  • Keith Eric Martin (1966-2022), American R&B singer-songwriter and record producer, best known for writing and singing romantic love songs
  • Howard "Pepper" Martin (1936-2022), Canadian-American actor and professional wrestler, born in Hamilton, Ontario, best known for his role as the truck driver, Rocky, who beats up a depowered Superman and later, beaten up by a repowered Superman-in Superman II
  • Brad Martin (1973-2022), American country music singer-songwriter, best known for his No. 15 single "Before I Knew Better"
  • Andrea Monica Martin (1972-2021), American R&B singer-songwriter and record producer
  • Russell Dale Martin (1960-2021), American radio presenter in Dallas, Texas
  • Sean Stephane Martin (1960-2020), American-Canadian cartoonist, illustrator, and graphic designer
  • Henry Martin (1925-2020), American cartoonist, known for his work with The New Yorker, Punch, Ladies' Home Journal, The Saturday Evening Post, the Princeton Alumni Weekly and many other magazines
  • ... (Another 76 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Miss Sarah Jane Martin (1914-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Blockhouse Bay, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [24]
Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Thomas L Martin (b. 1962), American Private from Louisville, Kentucky, USA who died in the crash [25]
Bismarck
  • Rudolf Martin (1920-2004), German Maschinengefreiter serving aboard the German Battleship Bismarck during World War II when it was sunk heading to France; he survived the sinking [26]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mrs. Emma Martin (1861-1914), née Payne Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [27]
Flight TWA 800
  • Mrs. Betty Ruth Martin (1927-1996), from Belleville, Illinois, USA, American passenger flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; she died in the crash [28]
Fraterville mine
  • Mr. James W. Martin, American coal miner at Fraterville mine in Tennessee, on the 19th May 1902 when an explosion collapsed the mine; he died [29]
  • Mr. Daniel Martin, American coal miner at Fraterville mine in Tennessee, on the 19th May 1902 when an explosion collapsed the mine; he died [29]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. Basil  Martin, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [30]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Leslie Frank Martin (1921-1941), Australian Steward from Williamstown, Victoria, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [31]
  • Mr. Leslie James Frederick Martin (1922-1941), Australian Ordinary Seaman from Clyde, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [31]
  • Mr. James Hearle Martin (1919-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Prospect, South Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [31]
  • Mr. Alan Douglas Martin (1923-1941), Australian Ordinary Seaman from Murray Bridge, South Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [31]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • David Martin (d. 1945), British Stoker 1st Class aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [32]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. William R Martin (b. 1915), English Sergeant serving for the Royal Marine from Cheddleton, Leek, Staffordshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [33]
  • Mr. Thomas G Martin (b. 1914), Welsh Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Aberdare, Glamorgan, Wales, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [33]
  • Mr. John W Martin (b. 1924), English Boy 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Ryde, Isle of Wight, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [33]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. William Martin, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Frederick J Martin, British Leading Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Francis John Martin, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [34]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. William Martin (b. 1917), British sailor, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [35]
  • Mr. Edgar Martin, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [35]
HMS Royal Oak
  • R. Martin, British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [36]
  • Frederick A. Martin, British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [36]
  • Leonard George Martin (1923-1939), British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [36]
  • Horace James Martin (1920-1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [36]
  • Edward James Martin (d. 1939), British Midshipman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [36]
Monongah Mine
  • Mr. Henry Martin (b. 1864), Italian coal miner who was in mine 6 at the Monongah mine on 6th December 1907 when it exploded and collapsed; he died [37]
  • Mr. John Martin (b. 1879), Italian coal miner who was in mine 6 at the Monongah mine on 6th December 1907 when it exploded and collapsed; he died [37]
  • Mr. Scott Martin (b. 1876), Italian coal miner who was in mine 8 at the Monongah mine on 6th December 1907 when it exploded and collapsed; he died [37]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Noel George Martin (1961-1988), Jamaican Passenger from Clapton, England, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [38]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Albert Martin, English Leading Fireman from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [39]
  • Miss Ruby Martin, English 2nd Class passenger residing in New York, New York, USA returning to England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [40]
  • Mr. Charles D. Martin, American 2nd Class passenger from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [40]
  • Mrs. Laura Martin, English 3rd Class passenger from Nottinghamshire, England returning home after her husband died, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [40]
RMS Titanic
  • Miss Margaret Edwina "Mabel" Martin, aged 20, English Cashier from London, England who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on life boat 6 [41]
  • Mrs. Annie Martin, aged 33, English Stewardess from Portsmouth, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 11 [41]
  • Mr. F. Martin, aged 29, English Scullion from Fareham, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 13 [41]
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. Alfred Charles Martin (b. 1890), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
SS Caribou
  • Mr. Edgar Raymond Martin, Newfoundland passenger from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador was travelling aboard the railway ferry "SS Caribou" when it was struck by a German submarine torpedo on 14th October 1942, the most significant sinking in Canadian waters at that time, he died in the sinking
SS Newfoundland
  • Mr. Charles Martin (b. 1894), Newfoundlander from Elliston, who on the 30th March 1914 he was part of the Seal Crew of the "SS Newfoundland" leaving the ship to intercept the Stephano which took him to the hunting grounds, he disembarked to begin sealing, but was caught in a thickening storm, attempting to return to the Newfoundland he and the 132 crew made camp for two days the sealers were stranded on the ice in a blizzard attempting to return to the ship, he survived
  • Mr. Eric Martin, Newfoundlander from Pouch Cove, who on the 30th March 1914 he was part of the Seal Crew of the "SS Newfoundland" leaving the ship to intercept the Stephano which took him to the hunting grounds, he disembarked to begin sealing, but was caught in a thickening storm, attempting to return to the Newfoundland he and the 132 crew made camp for two days the sealers were stranded on the ice in a blizzard attempting to return to the ship, he survived
  • Mr. Samuel Martin (1862-1914), Newfoundlander from Elliston, who on the 30th March 1914 he was part of the Seal Crew of the "SS Newfoundland" leaving the ship to intercept the Stephano which took him to the hunting grounds, he disembarked to begin sealing, but was caught in a thickening storm, attempting to return to the Newfoundland he and the 132 crew made camp for two days the sealers were stranded on the ice in a blizzard attempting to return to the ship, he died during this time
SS Southern Cross
  • Mr. James Martin (1895-1914), Newfoundlander from St. John's who was aboard the "SS Southern Cross" when it is suspected she sank between the 31st March 1914 and early April during the storm with a heavy load of pelts; no survivors were ever found
  • Mr. Arthur Martin (1892-1914), Newfoundlander from Harbour Grace who was aboard the "SS Southern Cross" when it is suspected she sank between the 31st March 1914 and early April during the storm with a heavy load of pelts; no survivors were ever found
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Luster Lee Martin, American Fireman Third Class from Arkansas, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [42]
  • Mr. Hugh Lee Martin, American Yeoman Third Class from Utah, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [42]
  • Mr. James Albert Martin, American Boatswain's Mate First Class from Texas, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [42]
  • Mr. James Orrwell Martin, American Seaman Second Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [42]
Winter Quarters coal mine
  • Mr. J. C. Martin, American mine worker residing in Scofield, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [43]


Suggested Readings for the name Martin +

  • Adam Martin (1755-1835) and Thomas Roy Musick (1757-1842), St. Louis County, Missouri, Pioneers by Michal Martin Farmer.
  • Colonial Pioneers: Martin and Bell Families and their Kin by Mary Coates Martin.
  • Deacon John Burnham of Ipswich and Ebenezeer Martin of Rehoboth, Massachusetts by Elisabeth Puckett Martin.

  1. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  2. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  3. ^ https://statistique.quebec.ca/fr/document/noms-de-famille-au-quebec/tableau/les-1-000-premiers-noms-de-famille-selon-le-rang-quebec
  4. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  5. ^ http://www.journaldesfemmes.com/nom-de-famille/nom/
  6. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  7. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  8. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  9. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_most_common_surnames_in_South_America
  10. ^ https://forebears.io/south-africa/surnames
  11. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  12. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  13. ^ Internoscia, Arthur E., and Claire Chevrier. Dictionnaire National des Canadiens Français 1608-1760. Vol. 2, Institut Drouin, 1958.
  14. ^ Debien, Gabriel. Liste Des Engagés Pour Le Canada Au XVIIe Siècle. Vol. 6, Laval University, 1952. (Retreived 24th May 2018). Retrieved from https://lebloguedeguyperron.wordpress.com/2016/06/30/130-liste-des-contrats-dengagement-pour-la-nouvelle-france-releves-a-la-rochelle-entre-1634-et-1679/
  15. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  16. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  17. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  18. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 22nd March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/coromandel-and-experiment
  19. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 28th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/duke-of-portland
  20. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_queensland.pdf
  21. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  22. ^ Cornish in the Caribbean (retrieved on 23rd September 2021). Retrieved from https://books.google.ca/books?id=gnSFDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA265&lpg=PA265&dq=wallen+lizard+cornwall&source=bl&ots=ARTnm6uRLv&sig=ACfU3U3ewicUaBkTuwC_Gpr0ic-
  23. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 23rd September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  24. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  25. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  26. ^ Bismarck & Tirpitz Class - Crew List Bismarck. (Retrieved 2018, February 06). Retrieved from https://www.bismarck-class.dk/bismarck/crew/bismarck_crew.html#crew_details
  27. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  28. ^ The Washington Post Passenger List TWA Flight 800. (Retrieved 2018, February 15th). Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/twa800/list01.htm
  29. ^ News paper article Fraterville Mine Disaster retrieved on 6th August 2021. (Retrieved from http://www.tn.gov/tsla/exhibits/disasters/fraterville.htm).
  30. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  31. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  32. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  33. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  34. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  35. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  36. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
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