The history of the Keepax family goes back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon
culture of Britain. It is derived from the family living in the village of Kippax, located in the county of Yorkshire.
Early Origins of the Keepax family
The surname Keepax was first found in Yorkshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Kippax, a large and important Norman village. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, Kippax, at the taking of the Domesday Book
was held by Ilbert de Lacy, a Norman Baron, who was at the Battle of Hastings. and who was granted 150 lordships in Yorkshire
in addition to the whole district known then as Blackburnshire in now Lancashire
. His holdings included Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire
. Conjecturally, the Kippax family surname descends from a relation of this Baron
who held Kippax at that time.
Early History of the Keepax family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Keepax research.Another 163 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1379, 1404, 1352, 1356, 1364, 1367, 1370, 1372, 1375, 1382 and 1373 are included under the topic Early Keepax History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Keepax Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon
surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. Changes in Anglo-Saxon
names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Keepax include Kippax, Keepax, Kipax, Kepax, Kipas, Kypas, Kyppax, Kypax, Kipacks, Kepax, Kippacks, Cuppage, Cupage, Kippage, Kippash, Cuppash, Coppash, Cupacks and many more.
Early Notables of the Keepax family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include John Keppock (died 1404), Irish judge who held the offices of Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
and Chief Baron
of the Irish Exchequer, in England
in 1352, acted as counsel for the powerful Anglo-Irish Cusack family, became King's Serjeant (1356), became Lord Chief Baron
(1364)... Another 72 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Keepax Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Keepax family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Keepax or a variant listed above: Peter Kippax settled in Virginia in 1699.