The origins of the name Jerard are from the ancient Anglo-Saxon
culture of Britain. It is derived from the son of Gerard.
The surname Jerard was originally derived from the Old German Gerhard
which meant spear-brave.
In Old English, patronyms were formed by adding a variety of suffixes to personal names, which changed over time and from place to place. For example, after the Norman Conquest
which meant son,
were the most common patronymic
suffixes. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the most common patronymic names included the word filius,
which meant son.
By the 14th century, the suffix son
had replaced these earlier versions. Surnames that were formed with filius
were more common in the north of England
and it was here that the number of individuals without surnames was greatest at this time.
Early Origins of the Jerard family
The surname Jerard was first found in Lancashire
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times. The Gerrard family name, also spelled Gerard and Jarrard, is traced by historians to the grandson of Edward the Confessor (1004-1066). In England
the name was first recorded in the Domesday Book
in 1086. Gerard (died 21 May 1108), was Lord Chancellor of England
(1085-1092) appointed by William I, and later Archbishop of York (1100-1108.) He may have been with the king's hunting party when William II was killed, as he witnessed the first charter issued by the new king, Henry I of England
, a few days later. Windle with Hardshaw in Lancashire
was home to the family in later years. "In the reign of Edward III., the manor was held under William Boteler by Peter de Burnhull, with whose heiress the Gerards acquired the property; and this latter family are the present lords. Windle Hall belongs to Sir John Gerard, Bart., at whose annual court lor the manor of Windle, officers are chosen for the township." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Jerard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jerard research.Another 253 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1177, 1545, 1611, 1593, 1559, 1581, 1564, 1618, 1622, 1613, 1640, 1634, 1667, 1587, 1670, 1617, 1680, 1641, 1660, 1618, 1683, 1660, 1687, 1661, 1685, 1659, 1701, 1689 and 1694 are included under the topic Early Jerard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Jerard Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Jerard family name include Gerrard, Gerard, Jarrard, Jared, Garrad, Garred, Jarratt, Jarrett and many more.
Early Notables of the Jerard family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include John Gerard (Gerarde) (1545-1611), an English botanist and herbalist, who maintained a large herbal garden in London, eponym of the botanical genus Gerardia; Sir Gilbert Gerard (died 1593), a prominent lawyer, politician, and landowner who served six times as a member of the... Another 139 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Jerard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Jerard family to the New World and Oceana
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland
, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Jerard surname or a spelling variation of the name include:
Jerard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- William Jerard, aged 42, who landed in Maine in 1812 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Jerard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Edward Jerard, aged 24, a tin worker, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "La Hogue" in 1874