Jennings History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the name Jennings began when it was derived from The name Jennings is derived from the personal name John, or perhaps more accurately from several diminutions of the name John, such as Jan, Jon, or Jen. Patronymic surnames belong to the larger category of surnames, known as hereditary surnames, and they arose out of the vernacular and religious given name traditions. In the religious naming tradition, which was developed later than the vernacular tradition, surnames were bestowed in honor of religious figures or church officials. In Europe, the Christian Church was one of the most powerful influences on the formation of given names. Personal names derived from the names of saints, apostles, biblical figures, and missionaries are widespread in most European countries. In the Middle Ages, they became increasingly popular because people believed that the souls of the deceased continued to be involved in this world. They named their children after saints in the hope that the child would be blessed or protected by the saint. John, of course, is derived from John the Baptist, who was born in order to announce Christ's coming.

Early Origins of the Jennings family

The surname Jennings was first found in Sussex where Roger Jonyng was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of 1296. A few years later in 1327, the Subsidy Rolls for Worcestershire listed Walter Jannen and Richard Janyns in 1327. In the same year, John Janyng was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Sussex. From these early entries, we must look over 100 years later to find Thomas Jenyn in the Feet of Fines for Sussex in 1428. [1]

Early History of the Jennings family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jennings research. Another 249 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1332, 1508, 1731, 1819, 1450, 1523, 1499, 1509, 1567, 1591, 1570, 1660, 1619, 1668, 1642, 1668, 1660, 1717, 1710, 1717, 1636, 1693, 1663, 1740, 1745 and are included under the topic Early Jennings History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Jennings Spelling Variations

There are many spelling variations of Breton surnames, because the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find references to one individual with many different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Jennings, Jenings, Jennins, Jennyns, Jennens, Jennynge, Jennynges, Jenyns and many more.

Early Notables of the Jennings family (pre 1700)

Notable of this family during the Middle Ages was Sir Stephen Jenyns (c.?1450-1523), English wool merchant from Wolverhampton who became Sheriff of London in 1499, before becoming Lord Mayor of London in 1509. Saint Edmund Gennings (1567-1591), was an English Catholic martyr, who was executed during the English Reformation. [2] John Gennings (c. 1570-1660), was an Englishman who was converted to Catholicism through the martyrdom of his elder brother Saint Edmund Gennings. Richard Jennings or Jenyns (c. 1619-1668), was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1642 and 1668, father of Sarah Churchill, Duchess...
Another 94 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Jennings Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Jennings family to Ireland

Some of the Jennings family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 66 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Jennings migration to the United States +

An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Jennings arrived in North America very early:

Jennings Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Mary Jennings, who settled in Maryland 1633
  • Mary Jennings, who landed in Maryland in 1633 [3]
  • Nicholas Jennings, aged 22, who landed in New England in 1634 [3]
  • Jon Jennings, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • Richard Jennings, aged 35, who landed in Bermuda in 1635 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Jennings Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • William Jennings, who landed in Leeward Islands in 1703-1704 [3]
Jennings Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • George Jennings, who landed in New York in 1826 [3]
  • Charles Jennings, who arrived in New York in 1835 [3]
  • Joseph Jennings, who landed in New York in 1835 [3]
  • Edward Jennings, who landed in New York in 1838 [3]
  • Catherine Jennings, aged 19, who landed in New York, NY in 1848 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Jennings Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Christian Jennings, who landed in Pike County, Ind in 1900 [3]

Canada Jennings migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Jennings Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Benjamin Jennings, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Thomas Jennings U.E. (b. 1736) born in Sandwich, Massachusetts, USA who settled in Grand Lake, Queens County, New Brunswick c. 1784 he died in 1839 [4]
Jennings Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Francis Jennings, aged 34, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool, England
  • Sarah Jennings, aged 30, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool, England
  • Mr. Austin Jennings, aged 45 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "George" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle In June 1847 [5]
  • Mrs. Margaret Jennings, aged 40 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Jane Avery" departing from the port of Dublin, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle In July 1847 [5]
  • Miss. Mary Jennings, aged 12 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "George" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle In June 1847 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Jennings migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Jennings Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Jonathan Jennings, English convict from Durham, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • James William Jennings, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1839 [7]
  • Martha Jennings, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1839 [7]
  • John Jennings, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Poictiers" in 1848 [8]
  • William Jennings, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Santipore" in 1848 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Jennings migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Jennings Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Charles Jennings, aged 32, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
  • Elizabeth Jennings, aged 22, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
  • Francis Jennings, aged 1, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
  • John Jennings, aged 1 month, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
  • William Jennings, aged 31, a labourer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mary Ann" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Jennings (post 1700) +

  • John Edward Jennings (1953-2015), American guitarist, multi-instrumentalist, and music producer
  • J. B. Jennings (b. 1974), American politician, Member of the Maryland Senate (2011-)
  • Hugh Ambrose Jennings (1869-1928), American Major League Baseball player and manager, posthumously inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1945
  • Gregory Jennings Jr. (b. 1983), American NFL football wide receiver for the Minnesota Vikings
  • Francis "Fritz" Jennings (1918-2000), American historian
  • Christine Jennings (b. 1945), American banker, businessperson and politician, Democratic nominee for U.S. Representative for Florida (2008)
  • Brian Lewis Jennings (b. 1976), American NFL football long snapper and tight end for the San Francisco 49ers (2000-2012)
  • Brandon Jennings (b. 1989), American professional NBA basketball player
  • Adam Jennings (b. 1982), American NFL football wide receiver
  • David Tuthill Jennings (1952-2013), American NFL football punter who played from 1974 through 1987
  • ... (Another 138 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Charles Ivory Jennings (1935-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Taradale, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; he died in the crash [10]
Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Donny Kerry Jennings (b. 1960), American Staff Sergeant from Clarksville, Tennessee, USA who died in the crash [11]
  • Mr. Todd Martice Jennings (b. 1965), New York, USA, American Specialist 4th Class from Yonkers, New York, USA who died in the crash [11]
Halifax Explosion
  • Master Douglas R.  Jennings (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [12]
HMAS Sydney II
HMS Dorsetshire
  • John Edward Telford Jennings (d. 1945), British Sub Lieutenant Paymaster aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [14]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Walter H W Jennings (b. 1906), English Chief Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Ryde, Isle of Wight, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. William Glynne Jennings, British Blacksmith 5th Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [16]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Russel Ernest Jennings (1923-1939), British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [17]


Suggested Readings for the name Jennings +

  • 290 A Family History by Mildred King Whitten.

  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 35)
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HOOGHLY 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Hooghly.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) POICTIERS 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Poictiers.htm
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SANTIPORE 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Santipore.htm
  10. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  11. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  12. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  13. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  14. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  15. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  16. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  17. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html


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