Hyer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Hyer is a name whose history is entwined with the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It was a name for a person who was well-known as the heir to a title, fortune, or estate. The name is thought to be derived from the Old French eir, which is itself derived from the Latin heres, meaning "heir."

Early Origins of the Hyer family

The surname Hyer was first found in Derbyshire, where the ancestral home of the main branch of the Hyer family is thought to be located. Early written records of the name Hyer have been found in many counties, notably Derbyshire, Wiltshire, and Shropshire. In the early legends of the Eyre family, it was recounted that a Knight named Eyre who fought with Richard the Lionheart at the Battle of Ascalon during the Crusades lost a leg while defending his King, which is why the family still bears a booted leg in its crest.

Another source, mentions that the traditional origin of the name was in circumstance of a Norman knight having at the Battle of Hastings succoured (helped) duke William of Normandy and given him air when he was in danger of suffocation. [1]

"The Eyres appear as witnesses to charters in the Peak of Derbyshire in the remotest period to which private charters ascend. The first of the name known is William le Eyre, of Hope, in the reign of Henry III." [2]

The chapel in Great Longstone, Derbyshire contains monuments to the "family of Eyre, earls of Newburgh." [3]

Important Dates for the Hyer family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hyer research. Another 112 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1216, 1582, 1657, 1635, 1628, 1678, 1659, 1678, 1635, 1695, 1660, 1661, 1689, 1638, 1698, 1666, 1735, 1680, 1700, 1689, 1693, 1638, 1712, 1665, 1715, 1698, 1701, 1705, 1715, 1670, 1715, 1729, 1585, 1661, 1662 and 1768 are included under the topic Early Hyer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hyer Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Hyer were recorded, including Eyre, Eyer, Eyers, Eayres, Eyres, Ayer, Ayers,Heyer, Ayr, Air, Aires, Hyer, Hayer, Hoyer and many more.

Early Notables of the Hyer family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include John Ayer (1582-1657), an English settler to Massachusetts sailing aboard the ship James in 1635, settling in Ipswich, Haverhill, and Salisbury, born in Salisbury, Wiltshire. Henry Eyre (1628-1678), was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1659 and 1678; Sir Giles Eyre (c. 1635-1695), was an English politician and judge, Member of Parliament for Downton (1660-1661), and Salisbury in 1689. Sir Samuel Eyre (1638-1698), was an English judge; and his son, Sir Robert Eyre (1666-1735), an English lawyer, Solicitor-General and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. John Ayres ( fl. 1680-1700)...
Another 162 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hyer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Hyer family to Ireland

Some of the Hyer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 119 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hyer migration to the United States

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Hyer family emigrate to North America:

Hyer Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Temperance Hyer, who settled in Virginia in 1650
  • Temperance Hyer, who arrived in Virginia in 1650 [4]
Hyer Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jurig Hyer, aged 24, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1739 [4]
  • Conrad Hyer, who arrived in New England in 1760 [4]
  • Jacob Hyer, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1772 [4]
Hyer Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Lewis Hyer, who landed in Mississippi in 1854 [4]
  • Thomas Hyer, who emigrated from Ireland to Ohio in 1869

Contemporary Notables of the name Hyer (post 1700)

  • O. O. Hyer, American Republican politician, Candidate for West Virginia State House of Delegates from Clay County, 1946 [5]
  • Lewis Spencer Hyer (1839-1909), American Democrat politician, Mayor of Rahway, New Jersey, 1874-75, 1888, 1889-91; Candidate for New Jersey State Senate, 1881; Common Pleas Court Judge in New Jersey, 1882-96 [5]
  • James Henry Hyer (1903-1956), American Democrat politician, Candidate for New York State Senate 29th District, 1932 [5]
  • Harvey F. Hyer, American politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Braxton County, 1865 [5]
  • George Hyer, American Democrat politician, Member of Wisconsin State Senate 13th District, 1851; Member of Wisconsin State Assembly, 1863 [5]
  • Frederick C. Hyer (b. 1874), American Democrat politician, Newspaper editor; Candidate for New Jersey State Senate from Union County, 1908 [5]
  • Ellas Hyer, American politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Braxton County, 1879 [5]
  • Alex M. Hyer (b. 1848), American politician, Mayor of Orlando, Florida, 1879-80 [5]
  • Absalom Hyer, American politician, Delegate to Texas Convention of 1832 from District of Sabine, 1832 [5]
  • Lawrence Hyer Boerner (1905-1969), American Major League Baseball pitcher for the Boston Red Sox in 1932

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Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 22) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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