Hughes History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the bearers of the Hughes surname were Welsh Brythonic- Celts. However, their name came to Britain with the Norman invasion; Hughes is derived from the Old French personal name Hughe, also spelled Hue. This name was made popular by the exploits of several saints including: St. Hugh of Lincoln (1140-1200), who was born in Burgundy, France and established the first Carthusian monastery in England; as well as St. Hugh of Cluny (1024-1109).

Hugh (d. 1094), called of Grantmesnil, or Grentemaisnil, was Baron and Sheriff of Leicestershire, son of Robert of Grantmesnil, in the arrondissement of Lisieux. [1]

Hugh (d. 1098), called of Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury and Arundel, second son of Roger of Montgomery, held during his father's lifetime the manor of Worfield in Shropshire. [1]

Early Origins of the Hughes family

The surname Hughes was first found in Carmarthenshire (Welsh: Sir Gaerfyrddin), located in Southwest Wales, one of thirteen historic counties and presently one of the principal area in Wales

Early rolls provide us a glimpse of the spelling variations used at that time. By example, Hugo was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086; Willelmus filius Hugonis was found in Wiltshire in 1084 and Reginaldus le fiz Hugonis was in the Pipe Rolls of Leicestershire in 1195. [2]

Early History of the Hughes family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hughes research. Another 106 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1038, 1518, 1613, 1545, 1553, 1632, 1603, 1667, 1604, 1664, 1654, 1659, 1645, 1719, 1677, 1720 and are included under the topic Early Hughes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hughes Spelling Variations

There are relatively few surnames native to Wales, but they have an inordinately large number of spelling variations. Early variations of Welsh surnames can be explained by the fact that very few people in the early Middle Ages were literate. Priests and the few other literate people were responsible for recording names in official documents. And because most people could not specific how to properly record their names it was up to the individual recorder of that time to determine how a spoken name should be recorded. Variations due to the imprecise or improper recording of a name continued later in history when names originally composed in the Brythonic Celtic, language of Wales, known by natives as Cymraeg, were transliterated into English. Welsh names that were documented in English often changed dramatically since the native language of Wales, which was highly inflected, did not copy well. Occasionally, however, spelling variations were carried out according to an individual's specific design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations could be indicated by minor variations. The spelling variations of the name Hughes have included Hughes, Hugh, Hews, Hughs, Hues, Huse and others.

Early Notables of the Hughes family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was Owen ap Hugh (1518-1613), of Bodeon, near Llangadwaladr, Anglesey, a Welsh politician, Member of the Parliament for Newborough in 1545; Robert Hues (1553-1632), an English mathematician and geographer; George Hughes (1603-1667), an English Puritan clergyman and writer; Thomas Hughes (1604-1664), a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1654...
Another 62 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hughes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Hughes family to Ireland

Some of the Hughes family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 83 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hughes migration to the United States +

Many Welsh families joined their Scottish and Irish neighbors during the late 1800s and early 1900s in seeking refuge in North America. Like the Irish and Scottish, many Welsh anxiously awaited the work, freedom, and opportunities that they believed lay in North America. Those who did journey over to the United States and what became known as Canada often realized those dreams, but only through much toil and perseverance. Whenever and however these Welsh immigrants arrived in North America, they were instrumental in the creation of the industry, commerce, and cultural heritage within those two developing nations. In the immigration and passenger lists a number of early immigrants bearing the name Hughes were found:

Hughes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Richard Hughes, who settled in Virginia in 1634
  • Joshua Hughes, who landed in Roxbury, Massachusetts in 1634 [3]
  • Lewes Hughes, aged 19, who landed in Barbados in 1635 [3]
  • Griffith Hughes, aged 24, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • Jo Hughes, aged 30, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hughes Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Valentine Hughes, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 [3]
  • Richard Hughes, who settled in Georgia with his wife and five sons in 1733
  • Joseph Hughes, who landed in Georgia in 1738 [3]
  • Lucy Hughes, who arrived in Maryland in 1740 [3]
  • Thomas Hughes, who settled in Georgia in 1744
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hughes Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Andrew Hughes, aged 35, who landed in New Castle or Philadelphia in 1805 [3]
  • Jane Hughes, who landed in America in 1805 [3]
  • Lawrence Hughes, who landed in America in 1809 [3]
  • James Hughes, who landed in New Jersey in 1811 [3]
  • Herman Hughes, aged 30, who landed in New York in 1812 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hughes Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Henry P Hughes, who landed in Arkansas in 1900 [3]

Canada Hughes migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hughes Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Stephen Hughes, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Heny Hughes, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mr. Charles Hughes U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 214 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 28, 1783 at Staten Island, New York [4]
  • Mr. James Hughes U.E. who settled in Marysburgh [Prince Edward County], Ontario c. 1784 [4]
  • Mr. John Hughes U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hughes Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Matthew Hughes, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1821
  • Ellis Hughes, who arrived in Canada in 1828
  • Joel Hughes, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • John Hughes, aged 30, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Edward Reid" in 1833
  • Ellen Hughes, aged 30, a widow, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Dorcas Savage" from Belfast, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Hughes migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hughes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Charles Hughes, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [5]
  • Richard Hughes, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Thomas Hughes, English convict from Wiltshire, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • James Hughes, a butcher, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • James Hughes, a sawyer, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hughes migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hughes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Arthur Hughes, Australian settler travelling from Port of Hobart, Tasmania, Australia on board the ship "David Owen" arriving in New Zealand in 1832 [7]
  • John Hughes, who landed in Moriaki, New Zealand in 1840
  • Stephen Edward Hughes, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • William Hughes, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Thomas Hughes, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hughes (post 1700) +

  • Second Lieutenant Lloyd Herbert Hughes (b. 1921), American officer awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1943
  • Mike Hughes (1956-2020), known as "Mad" Mike Hughes, an American limousine driver, daredevil, and flat Earth conspiracy theorist
  • Harry Roe Hughes (1926-2019), American Democrat politician, Served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; Lawyer; Member of Maryland State House of Delegates, 1955-59; Member of Maryland State Senate District 15, 1959-71; Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Maryland, 1964, 1996;
  • Maury Hughes, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1940, 1944 (speaker)
  • Matthew W. Hughes, American Republican politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly from New York County 20th District, 1928, 1932
  • Mary C. Hughes, American Democrat politician, Postmaster at Fresno, California, 1887-90
  • Mary Ann Hughes, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1972
  • Mary Hughes, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1964
  • M. B. Hughes, American politician, Member of Pennsylvania State House of Representatives from Luzerne County, 1885-88
  • Ludi Hughes, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Jersey, 2004
  • ... (Another 323 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Steven William Hughes (1947-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Bucklands Beach, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; he died in the crash [8]
Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Charles W Hughes (b. 1965), American Specialist 4th Class from Cleburne, Texas, USA who died in the crash [9]
  • Mr. Frank J Hughes (b. 1955), American Staff Sergeant from North Carrollton, Alabama, USA who died in the crash [9]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. William Henry Hughes, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [10]
  • Mr. William Lawrence Hughes, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [10]
  • Mr. Hugh Hughes, British Bedroom Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [10]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Helena  Hughes (1872-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [11]
  • Mr. Peter J.  Hughes (1878-1917), Canadian Stevedore employee at the Canadian Pacific Railway from Black Point, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. William F Hughes (b. 1916), English Marine serving for the Royal Marine from Kingston, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Hugh Hughes (b. 1914), English Leading Stoker serving for the Royal Navy from Bishop Auckland, County Durham, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. George Thomas Hughes, English Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [13]
  • Mr. Verdon Hughes, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mr. David William Benjamin Hughes, British Coder, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Alfie Hughes, British Gunner, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Alfred Hughes, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Richard Hughes, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Michael James Hughes, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
  • Mr. John J Hughes, British Leading Cook, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Royal Oak
  • Thomas Hughes (1901-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]
  • Frederick Edward Hughes (1922-1939), British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Owen Hughes, English Greaser from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [16]
  • Mr. John Edward Hughes, English Hospital Attendant from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [16]
  • Miss Ellen Hughes, English Stewardess from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [16]
  • Master William Wilson Hughes, English Steward's Young Assistant from Cheshire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [16]
  • Mr. William Hughes, English Assistant Cook from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [16]
  • ... (Another 3 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. William Thomas Hughes (d. 1912), aged 33, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [17]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. James C. Hughes, American Seaman First Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Bernard Thomas Hughes, American Musician Second Class from Pennsylvania, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Lewis Burton Hughes Jr., American Seaman First Class from Alabama, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Marvin Austin Hughes, American Private from Texas, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [18]


The Hughes Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Kymmer-yn Lydeirnon
Motto Translation: Name of the lordship of the family.


Suggested Readings for the name Hughes +

  • 79 "The Families of Benjamin (1816-1903) [and] Margaret Evans (1825-1879) Hughes and Evan (1808-1877) [and] Jane Davies (1817-1858) James" by David Wendell Hughes, "Genealogy of Chadwick, King, and Allied Families: McKee, Callahan, Hughs/Hughes, Mock, Roberts, Langston" by Darline Chadwick Smith.

  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  9. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  10. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  11. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  12. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  13. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  15. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  16. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  17. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  18. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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