Hilay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The name Hilay is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when the family lived in a remote valley, or nook. Checking further we found the name was derived from the Old English halh, which had the same meaning. Conversely the name could have been a nickname for someone who was "healthy, stout, a brave man, chief, or hero" having derived from the Anglo-Saxon word "hale." 
Early Origins of the Hilay family
The surname Hilay was first found in Cheshire, but there are other records of this local name throughout England. Parish named Hales were found in Stafford, Norfolk and Worcester. Norfolk's earliest reference was Alexander de Hales, who was listed there in 1245. 
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 lists: Richard de la Hale in Oxfordshire; and Walter en le Hale in Sussex at that time. Robert in the Hale was listed in the Close Roll, temp. 2 Edward I and according to Kirby's Quest, John atte Hale was listed in Somerset, temp. 1 Edward III  
Alexander of Hales (d. 1245), the celebrated theologian, and one of the first of the Christian Philosophers of the thirteenth century, was born in Gloucestershire at a town or village called Hales. 
Thomas Hales (fl. 1250), was an early English poet and religious writer, was a Franciscan friar, and presumably a native of Hales (or Hailes) in Gloucestershire. 
The name quickly became native to Scotland as seen by Michel de Hale del counte de Edeneberk who rendered homage to King Edward I in his brief conquest of Scotland in 1296. 
Later some of the family were found at Kings Walden in Hertfordshire. "On the north side of the chancel of the church is a chapel, the burial-place of the Hale family, erected by William Hale, who died in 1648." 
Hailes Castle is a 14th century castle about a mile and a half south west of East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland. It dates back to c. 1300. Hailes Abbey near Winchcombe in Gloucestershire was built in 1245 or 1246 but little remains of the abbey today.
Early History of the Hilay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hilay research. Another 112 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1189, 1379, 1331, 1394, 1455, 1456, 1490, 1457, 1459, 1459, 1470, 1471, 1470, 1540, 1516, 1572, 1608, 1584, 1656, 1576, 1654, 1625, 1640, 1645, 1626, 1626, 1684, 1660, 1661, 1681, 1666, 1762, 1694, 1762, 1609, 1676, 1636, 1700, 1692, 1614, 1691, 1654, 1656 and are included under the topic Early Hilay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hilay Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Hilay are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Hilay include: Hale, Hail, Hailes, Hayles, Hayle, Hales, Haile and many more.
Early Notables of the Hilay family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Sir Frank Hale; Sir Stephen Hales (before 1331-1394), of Testerton, Norfolk, an English soldier and politician; John Hales, the medieval Bishop of Exeter (1455-1456); John Hales (also Hals or Halse; died 1490), Dean of Exeter between 1457 and 1459; Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield in 1459; Lord Privy Seal (1470-1471); John Hales (c.1470-1540), of The Dungeon, Canterbury, Kent, an administrator and Baron of the Exchequer; John Hales (c.1516-1572), a writer, administrator and politician; John Hales (died 1608), the owner of the Whitefriars in Coventry at which two of the Marprelate tracts were printed...
Another 130 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hilay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hilay family to Ireland
Some of the Hilay family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hilay family
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Hilay or a variant listed above: Thomas and Sarah Haile settled in Virginia in 1623; Francis Haile settled in Virginia in 1680; Sarah Hails arrived in New York in 1822; Elizabeth Hale settled in Virginia in 1663.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Cum principibus
Motto Translation: Whith my chiefs
- Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- Rye, Walter, A History of Norfolk. London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, 1885. Print
- Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
- Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.