Heness History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Heness is a name of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from the baptismal name for Haine. As the naming tradition grew in Europe baptismal names began to be introduced in many countries. Baptismal names were sometimes given in honour of Christian saints and other biblical figures. There are very few Christian countries in Europe that did not adopt surnames from these religious figures.
Alternatively, the name could have been a local name from Haynes or Hawnes, a parish, in the union of Ampthill, hundred of Flitt in Bedfordshire.  This parish dates back to the Domesday Book of 1086 when it was recorded as Hagenes.  It literally meant "the enclosures."  Another source claims the name is from Haisne, near Arras, France. 
Early Origins of the Heness family
The surname Heness was first found in the Domesday Book of 1086 where Hagene and Hagana were listed in Herefordshire and Norfolk respectively. 
From this early listing, the name evolved and was used as both a forename and surname, as Hagena Jugement was listed in the Pipe Rolls for Suffolk in 1130. It was not until 1198 that we found the name as a surname: Rogerus filius Hane in the Feet of Fines for Norfolk. The same rolls, but for Staffordshire listed Hagan(us) in 1199 and later in Norfolk in 1240. Alicia filia Hahen was listed in the Feet of Fines for Norfolk in 1202 which is very interesting as this would have been one of the first entries for a female or "daughter" to hold lands. 
Hugh de Haynes witnessed a charter of Payen de Beauchamp, founding Chicksand Priory, 12th century 
Adam filius Hayne was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Lancashire in 1332 and Peter Hain was found in the Pipe Rolls for Dorset in 1200. 
Somerset was an early homestead for the family as seen by the following early entries: Ralph Hayne; William Hayne; Alice Heynes; Walter Heynes; and Ade Heynes. All entries were 1 Edward III (during the first year of King Edward III's reign.) 
The Yorkshire Poll Rolls of 1379 included: Adam Hauneson; Johannes Hayne; Robertus Haynson; and Thomas Hane as all holding lands there at that time. 
Early History of the Heness family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Heness research. Another 63 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1594, 1653, 1693, 1701, 1668, 1671, 1672 and 1675 are included under the topic Early Heness History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Heness Spelling Variations
Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Heness have been found, including Haines, Hains, Hain, Haine, Haynes, Hainson and many more.
Early Notables of the Heness family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: John Haynes (sometimes spelled Haines) (1594-1653), English colonial magistrate from Messing Essex, one of the founders of the Connecticut Colony, he was on the committee that drafted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, often referred to as one of the first written constitutions
Hezekiah Haynes (died 1693), second son of John Haynes of Copford Hall in Essex, was a supporter of the parliamentary cause during the English Civil War
Joseph "Jo" Haines (died 1701), sometimes called Count Haines, was a 17th-century actor, singer, dancer, guitar player, fortune teller, author, and member of the King's Company. "After...
Another 119 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Heness Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Heness family to Ireland
Some of the Heness family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Heness family
Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Among the first immigrants of the name Heness, or a variant listed above to cross the Atlantic and come to North America were : John Haine, who settled in Virginia in 1623; Henry Hains in Virginia in 1638; Richard Hains and his wife Anne settled in Virginia in 1643; Robert Hains in Virginia in 1646.
Related Stories +
- ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)