Hayes History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Hayes is a name that first reached England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Hayes family lived in Herefordshire. This name, however, does not refer to that municipality, but is topographical in nature and indicates that the original bearer lived near an enclosure of some sort. It derives from the Old English word haye, which means enclosure. [1] Another source claims the name was for a "dweller at the hedge or hedged enclosure; keeper of the hedges or fences; one who came from Hayes (enclosure.)" [2]

Early Origins of the Hayes family

The surname Hayes was first found in Herefordshire where Bartholomew de la Hase held a fief in 1165. He claimed descent from Hayes near Blois, Normandy. [3]

From this early origin, the name was listed in a few locations, specifically, Norfolk, where some of the first records of the name were Edorard de lis Heys and John del Heys who were listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. The same rolls listed Nicholaa de la Hay in Lincolnshire. [4] William de Hayes was listed in Northamptonshire in the 13th century as a follower of John Giffard (1232-1299), the English nobleman, but had his house plundered after the Battle of Evesham in 1265. [4]

Early History of the Hayes family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hayes research. Another 90 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1637, 1694, 1663, 1672, 1641, 1712, 1686, 1703, 1768, 1831 and 1182 are included under the topic Early Hayes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hayes Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Hayes are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Hayes include Hayes, Hayse, Hays and others.

Early Notables of the Hayes family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Hayes of London; Sir James Hayes (1637-1694), founding Fellow of the Royal Society in 1663, Secretary to Prince Rupert and first Deputy-Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company in...
Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hayes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Hayes family to Ireland

Some of the Hayes family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 154 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hayes migration to the United States +

Faced with the chaos present in England at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia and Ireland in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Hayes, or a variant listed above:

Hayes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Richard Hayes, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Hugh Hayes, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [5]
  • Rich Hayes, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [5]
  • Peter Hayes, who arrived in Virginia in 1637 [5]
  • Mary Hayes, who landed in Virginia in 1637 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hayes Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Margaret Hayes, who arrived in Virginia in 1705 [5]
  • William Hayes, who landed in Baltimore, NW in 1720 [5]
  • Johan Hayes, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1732 [5]
  • Judah Hayes, who landed in New York, NY in 1741 [5]
  • John Hayes, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1766 [5]
Hayes Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Matthias Hayes, aged 32, who arrived in Virginia in 1813 [5]
  • Walter C Hayes, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1813 [5]
  • Eleanor Hayes, who arrived in New York in 1824 [5]
  • Alexander Hayes, who landed in New York in 1824 [5]
  • Patrick Hayes, who arrived in Aranzazu or Copano, Tex in 1829 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hayes Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Michael I Hayes, who arrived in Arkansas in 1903 [5]

Canada Hayes migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hayes Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • James Hayes, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • James Hayes, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1783
  • Mr. Thomas Hayes U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 24 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 20, 1783 at East River, New York [6]
  • Mrs. HannahHayes U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 75 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 20, 1783 at East River, New York [6]
  • Mr. Peter Hayes U.E. (b. 1755) born in Rochester, New Hampshire, USA who settled in Shefford Township, Eastern Townships [La Haute-Yamaska Regional County Municipality], Quebec c. 1784 he died in 1834, an associate of Capt. John Savage, married to Sarah Berry they had 6 children [6]
Hayes Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • William Hayes, who arrived in Canada in 1830
  • Michael Hayes, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1831
  • David Hayes, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1833
  • Jeremiah Hayes, aged 28, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the barque "Independence" from Kinsale, Ireland
  • Timothy Hayes, aged 25, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the barque "Independence" from Kinsale, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Hayes migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hayes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Sir. Henry Browne Hayes, (Sir Henry Brown Hayes), (b. 1762), aged 39, Irish Gentleman and Mason who was convicted in Cork, Ireland for life for abduction with intent to extort money, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1832 in Cork, Ireland it is believed he started the foundation of Freemasonry in Australia [7]
  • Mr. Thomas Hayes, English convict who was convicted in South Holland, (Parts of Holland), Lincolnshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asiatic" on 5th June 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • William Hayes, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [8]
  • Elisha Hayes, a dyer, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • John Hayes, a bricklayer, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hayes migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hayes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Robert Hayes, Australian settler travelling from Hobart, Tasmania, Australia aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1833 [9]
  • John Hayes, aged 45, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Inchinnan" in 1852
  • Hannah Hayes, aged 32, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Inchinnan" in 1852
  • Isabella Hayes, aged 7, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Inchinnan" in 1852
  • Thomas Hayes, aged 5, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Inchinnan" in 1852
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hayes (post 1700) +

  • Helen Hayes (1900-1993), American Actress, winner of Oscar, Tony, Emmy and Grammy awards and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • President Rutherford B Hayes (1822-1893), American soldier and politician, 19th President of the United States (1877-1881), 29th and 32nd Governor of Ohio (1876-1877) and (1868-1872)
  • John Michael Hayes (1940-2017), American geochemist, emeritus professor at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Woods Hole, Massachusetts
  • Peter Lind Hayes (1915-1998), born Joseph Conrad Lind, an American vaudeville entertainer, songwriter, and film and television actor
  • Janet Gray Hayes (1926-2014), American politician, the 60th mayor of San Jose, California (1975-1983)
  • David Hayes (1931-2013), American sculptor
  • Brigadier-General Wolcott Paige Hayes (1894-1967), American Commanding General Antilles Air Command, San Juan, Puerto Rico (1944) [10]
  • Major-General Thomas Jay Hayes (1888-1967), American Chief of Industrial Service, Ordnance Department (1942-1945) [11]
  • Major-General Philip Hayes (1887-1949), American Commanding General 3rd Service Command (1943-1945) [12]
  • Joseph Hayes (1918-2006), American author and playwright best known for his novel, Broadway play, and movie "The Desperate Hours", the latter starring Humphrey Bogart and Fredric March [13]
  • ... (Another 20 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Joseph Arthur Hayes, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Edward Hayes, British Trimmer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Ernest C. Hayes, British 1st Assistant Purser from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [14]
  • Ms. Emma Hayes (1873-1914), Canadian Second Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [15]
Flight 191
  • D Hayes, American passenger from USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash [16]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. William  Hayes (1877-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [17]
HMS Prince of Wales
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. John Hayes, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. John Osler Chattock Hayes (b. 1913), "Joc" English Signal Officer from Dartmouth, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [19]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Thomas Hayes (1920-1939), Irish Stoker 2nd Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [20]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. John Henry Lamie Hayes, English Junior 5th Engineer from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [21]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. John Doran Hayes, American Boatswain's Mate First Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Kenneth Merle Hayes, American Fireman First Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [22]


Suggested Readings for the name Hayes +

  • 106 Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Bazeal Hayes of Charley, Lawrence County, Kentucky by Lora Thelma Chandler Walter, Hayes and Allied Families of Gloucester County, Virginia: The Descendants of William Hayes and Elizabeth Foster by Melinde Hatfield.

  1. ^ Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
  2. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 9) Wolcott Hayes. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Hayes/Wolcott_Paige/USA.html
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 9) Thomas Hayes. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Hayes/Thomas_Jay/USA.html
  12. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 9) Philip Hayes. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Hayes/Philip/USA.html
  13. ^ Joseph Hayes. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) Joseph Hayes. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Hayes
  14. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  15. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  16. ^ Flight 191's Victims - latimes. (Retrieved 2014, April 16) . Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/1985-08-04/news/mn-4349_1_fort-lauderdale-area
  17. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  18. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  19. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  20. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  21. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 10) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  22. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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