Hawks History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Hawks is from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of the Britain and comes from the Old English personal name Hafoc, which means hawk. However, the surname Hawks may have been applied as a nickname to someone with a wild or cruel disposition. It may also be an occupational surname given to a "hawker" or someone who held land in exchange for providing hawks to a lord. Lastly, the surname Hawks may be a local surname given to someone who lived in a nook or corner; in this case, the surname is derived from the Old English word halke, which means nook or corner.

Early Origins of the Hawks family

The surname Hawks was first found in Lincolnshire where Jocelin de Hawke was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. While this is the first listing of the name, years later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Records of 1379 list: Thomas Hauke; Thomas Hauke, coteler; Adam Hawke; and Johannes Hawke. [1] On the more romantic side, one reference claims the name derives from the "bird: allusive to keenness of disposition." [2]

Important Dates for the Hawks family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawks research. Another 89 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1705 and 1781 are included under the topic Early Hawks History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hawks Spelling Variations

The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Hawks has been spelled many different ways, including Hawk, Hawke, Hawkes, Hauk, Hauke and others.

Early Notables of the Hawks family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Hawks Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hawks migration to the United States

Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Hawkss to arrive in North America:

Hawks Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Richard Hawks, who landed in Maryland in 1668 [3]
Hawks Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jeffry Hawks, who landed in Baltimore, Maryland in 1720 [3]
Hawks Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Hawks, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1876 [3]
  • Robert Hawks, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1876 [3]
  • Samuel Hawks, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1876 [3]
  • James Hawks, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1876 [3]

Hawks migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hawks Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Hawks, English convict from Sussex, who was transported aboard the "Argyle" on March 5th, 1831, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [4]
  • William Hawks, aged 29, a bricklayer, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Cheapside" [5]
  • Thomas Hawks, aged 23, who arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Thetis" [6]
  • Mary Tabitha Hawks, aged 14, a nurserymaid, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Shackamaxon" [7]

Contemporary Notables of the name Hawks (post 1700)

  • John Hawks (1731-1790), British-born, American architect active in North Carolina
  • John Twelve Hawks, American pseudonym for the author of the 2005 dystopian novel The Traveler and its sequels, The Dark River and The Golden City
  • John Hawks, American associate professor of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Cicero Stephens Hawks (1812-1868), American first Episcopal bishop of Missouri
  • William Bellinger Hawks (1901-1969), American film producer
  • Howard Winchester Hawks (1896-1977), American Academy Award nominated film director, producer and writer, awarded an Honorary Academy Award as "a master American filmmaker whose creative efforts hold a distinguished place in world cinema," known for such movies as Scarface (1932), Bringing Up Baby (1938), Only Angels Have Wings (1939), His Girl Friday (1940), Sergeant York (1941) and many more
  • Private First Class Lloyd C Hawks (1911-1953), American soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1944 for his actions in World War II
  • Frank Monroe Hawks (1897-1938), American Lieutenant Commander in World War I and a record holding aviator setting 214 point-to-point records in the United States and Europe, inspiration for the popular saying at the time, "Don't send it by mail... send it by Hawks"
  • Dr. Francis Lister Hawks (1798-1866), American priest of the Episcopal Church
  • William T. Hawks (b. 1944), American politician

Historic Events for the Hawks family

HMS Royal Oak
  • F.L. Hawks, British Telegraphist with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [8]

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Citations

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/argyle/1831
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CHEAPSIDE 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Cheapside.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) THETIS 1851. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851Thetis.htm
  7. ^ South Australian Register Thursday 20 January 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SHACKAMAXON 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/shackamaxon1853.shtml.
  8. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
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