Hawkes History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Hawkes is tied to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of England. It comes from the Old English personal name Hafoc, which means hawk. However, the surname Hawkes may have been applied as a nickname to someone with a wild or cruel disposition. It may also be an occupational surname given to a "hawker" or someone who held land in exchange for providing hawks to a lord. Lastly, the surname Hawkes may be a local surname given to someone who lived in a nook or corner; in this case, the surname is derived from the Old English word halke, which means nook or corner.

Early Origins of the Hawkes family

The surname Hawkes was first found in Lincolnshire where Jocelin de Hawke was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. While this is the first listing of the name, years later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Records of 1379 list: Thomas Hauke; Thomas Hauke, coteler; Adam Hawke; and Johannes Hawke. [1] On the more romantic side, one reference claims the name derives from the "bird: allusive to keenness of disposition." [2]

Early History of the Hawkes family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawkes research. Another 89 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1705, 1781, 1703, 1759, 1720, 1722, 1725, 1747 and 1752 are included under the topic Early Hawkes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hawkes Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Hawkes has undergone many spelling variations, including Hawk, Hawke, Hawkes, Hauk, Hauke and others.

Early Notables of the Hawkes family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Hawkes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Hawkes family to Ireland

Some of the Hawkes family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hawkes migration to the United States +

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Hawkes were among those contributors:

Hawkes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Mary Hawkes, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Mary Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • William Hawkes, aged 22, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • Ellin Hawkes, who arrived in Virginia in 1643 [3]
  • Edmond Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1650 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hawkes Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jeffery Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1701 [3]
Hawkes Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • George Hawkes, aged 30, who arrived in New York in 1812 [3]
  • N Hawkes, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • Mr. Hawkes, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1855 [3]
  • Alfred Hawkes, aged 6, who landed in New York in 1862 [3]
  • Annie Hawkes, aged 7, who arrived in New York in 1862 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Hawkes migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hawkes Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Robert Hawkes, who landed in Prince Edward Island in 1817

Australia Hawkes migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hawkes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Hawkes, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cleveland" in 1839 [4]
  • Robert Hawkes, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Gratitude" in 1848 [5]
  • Robert Hawkes, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Stebonheath" in 1849 [6]
  • Joseph Hawkes, aged 23, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Eliza" [7]
  • Elizabeth Hawkes, aged 28, a cook, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Sultana" [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hawkes migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hawkes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • George Hawkes, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • Robert Hawkes, aged 30, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Seringapatam" in 1856
  • Sarah Hawkes, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1864
  • Ann Hawkes, aged 25, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alumbagh" in 1875
  • Caroline A. Hawkes, aged 28, a housekeeper, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rangitikei" in 1884

Contemporary Notables of the name Hawkes (post 1700) +

  • W. Hawkes, American politician, Mayor of Salina, Kansas, 1956-57 [9]
  • Travis Hawkes, American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for Idaho, 2012 [9]
  • Ted Hawkes, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 1960 [9]
  • Pollyanne Hawkes, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Oklahoma, 2012 [9]
  • M. A. Hawkes, American politician, Member of Minnesota State House of Representatives 6th District, 1873 [9]
  • John Hawkes, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Utah, 1972 [9]
  • James Hawkes (1776-1865), American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Otsego County, 1819-20; U.S. Representative from New York 15th District, 1821-23 [9]
  • George A. Hawkes, American politician, Member of Maine State House of Representatives from Sagadahoc County (2nd), 1931-32 [9]
  • Elizabeth Hawkes, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Wisconsin State Senate 11th District, 1950; Member of Wisconsin Democratic State Central Committee, 1954 [9]
  • Albert Wahl Hawkes (1878-1971), American Republican politician, U.S. Senator from New Jersey, 1943-49; Delegate to Republican National Convention from New Jersey, 1944 [9]
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Sydney William Hawkes (1919-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Narrogin, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [10]


  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CLEVELAND 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Cleveland.htm
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) GRATITUDE 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Gratitude.gif
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) STEBONHEATH 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Stebonheath.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ELIZA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Eliza.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SULTANA 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Sultana.htm
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 14) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp


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