Show ContentsHargraves History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The present generation of the Hargraves family is only the most recent to bear a name that dates back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Their name comes from having lived in Hargrave, a place-name found in the counties of Cheshire, Northamptonshire, and Suffolk. There is also a Hargrave Hall in Cheshire. The place-name is derived from the Old English elements har, which meant "hare" or "on the border," and graf or græfe, which meant "grove." The place-name as a whole meant "grove filled with rabbits" or "grove on a border." [1]

Alternatively, the name could have been derived from a Saxon occupation, as "the provider or commissary of an army, from Here or Har, an army, and grave, a steward or disposer." [2]

"Hargreaves is an old Lancashire name. It is also common in the West Riding, particularly in the Leeds district. There are two Cheshire hamlets called Hargrave." [3]

Early Origins of the Hargraves family

The surname Hargraves was first found in Cheshire at Hargrave, which dates back to the Domesday Book of 1086 where it was listed as Haregrave. The Domesday Book also lists Haragrauna in Suffolk and Haregrave in Northamptonshire. [4]

The first record of the family was Geoffrey de Haregrave who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Derbyshire in 1188. [5] A few years later, in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, John de Haregrave was listed as holding lands in Buckinghamshire at that time.

Later again, in East Cheshire in 1296, two records were found: William de Haregreve; and Richard de Haregreve. "The Hargreaves of Lancashire probably spring from Hargrave, Cheshire." [6]

The Subsidy Rolls of Lancashire listed Henry de Hargreve in 1332. [5] This latter source notes that Hargreave Hall was located in Cheshire, but we can find no record of it today.

Early History of the Hargraves family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hargraves research. Another 91 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1286, 1332, 1486, 1499, 1541, 1529, 1690, 1741 and 1739 are included under the topic Early Hargraves History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hargraves Spelling Variations

Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Hargraves include Hargrove, Hargreave, Hargreaves, Hargrave, Hargroves and many more.

Early Notables of the Hargraves family (pre 1700)

Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hargraves Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hargraves Ranking

In the United States, the name Hargraves is the 11,858th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [7]

United States Hargraves migration to the United States +

Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Hargraves were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:

Hargraves Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Abra Hargraves, who landed in Virginia in 1646 [8]
  • John Hargraves, who arrived in Maryland in 1678 [8]
  • Elizabeth Hargraves, who landed in Maryland in 1678 [8]
  • Edward Hargraves, who arrived in Maryland in 1678 [8]
Hargraves Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Caleb Hargraves, who settled in Pennsylvania in 1861
  • Saul Hargraves, aged 47, who landed in New York in 1862 [8]
  • Annie Hargraves, aged 23, who settled in America from Manchester, in 1892
  • Herbert Hargraves, aged 15, who landed in America from Lancashire, in 1892
  • Grace Hargraves, aged 27, who immigrated to the United States from Manchester, in 1892
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hargraves Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Bartholomew Hargraves, aged 46, who landed in America, in 1907
  • George P. Hargraves, aged 39, who landed in America from Hull, England, in 1913
  • Ino. Ed. Hargraves, aged 70, who settled in America from Kenaol, England, in 1914
  • James Hargraves, aged 42, who landed in America, in 1917
  • Eva Hargraves, aged 1, who immigrated to the United States from Gloucester City, in 1919
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hargraves migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hargraves Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Mary Hargraves, (b. 1851), aged 22, Cornish domestic servant departing on 19th May 1873 aboard the ship "Columbus" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 2nd September 1873 [9]
  • Miss Ellen Hargraves, (b. 1827), aged 47, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Dorette" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 14th April 1874 [10]
  • Ellen Hargraves, aged 47, a laundress, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Dorette" in 1874 [11]

Contemporary Notables of the name Hargraves (post 1700) +

  • Edward Hammond Hargraves (1816-1891), English-born, Australian gold prospector from Gosport, Hampshire, England who claimed to have found gold in Australia in 1851, starting an Australian gold rush
  • Robert B. Hargraves (1928-2003), South-African-born, American geologist, professor at Princeton University
  • Orin Hargraves, American lexicographer and writer
  • Daniel Hargraves (b. 1975), former Australian rules footballer who played for Footscray (1994-1997) and Fremantle (1998-1999)
  • Daniel Hargraves (b. 1975), former Australian rules footballer
  • David Hargraves Hodgson (b. 1939), Australian judge of the Court of Appeal of the Supreme Court of New South Wales and Rhodes Scholar

USS Arizona
  • Mr. Kenneth William Hargraves, American Seaman Second Class from Washington, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [12]

The Hargraves Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vincit amor patria
Motto Translation: My beloved country will conquer.

  1. Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  3. Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  5. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  6. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  7. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  8. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  9. Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from
  10. New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from
  11. New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 5th November 2010). Retrieved from
  12. Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from on Facebook