Gross History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Gross is rooted in the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It was a name for someone who was a person who because of their physical characteristics was referred to as the gross man or the heavy man. At times, it was a personal name and variant of Grace. [1]

Early Origins of the Gross family

The surname Gross was first found in Cornwall where the first record of the family was found in "Trescobays, or Triscobays, [which] was formerly inherited by the family of Grosse; after which it was purchased by Sir Peter Killigrew, together with the barton of Howard as a parcel of Tregangy." [2]

"During [the reign of Elizabeth] four-fifths [of the manor of Rosmoddris] was granted to St. George Carye, and sold by him to Ezekiel Grosse, Esq. whose family had an ancient seat at Triclodevas in this parish." [2]

"Leah or Leigh, [in the parish of St. Buryan, Cornwall] now occupied by a farmer, was anciently a seat of the Grosse family, and afterwards of the Usticks." [2]

Not withstanding the Cornish origin of the name, some of the family may have originated elsewhere. By example, Willelmus filius grosse was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 in Suffolk. The same source also lists Willelmus Grossus in Norfolk. [3]

Later in Yorkshire, Geraldus filius Grossi was listed there in the the Pipe Rolls of 1176. Adam le Gros was listed at Holme in Norfolk 1186-1210 and Wiliam le Groos was listed in the Feet of Fines for Essex in 1314. [1]

Early History of the Gross family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gross research. Another 57 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1190, 1596, 1654, 1596, 1618, 1632 and 1633 are included under the topic Early Gross History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gross Spelling Variations

Gross has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Gross have been found, including Gross, Grosse, Grose and others.

Early Notables of the Gross family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Alexander Grosse (1596?-1654), English Presbyterian divine, born about 1596, the son of William Grosse, husbandman of Christow, Devonshire. "After attending Exeter school for five years, he was admitted sizar of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, on 26 July 1618, and proceeded M.A. (College Admission Register, ed. Venn, p. 138). He became a preacher at...
Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gross Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Gross migration to the United States +

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Grosss to arrive on North American shores:

Gross Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Sampson Gross, who arrived in Virginia in 1637 [4]
Gross Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Johan Gross, who arrived in New York in 1709 [4]
  • Johan Jorg Gross, who landed in New York in 1709 [4]
  • William Gross, his wife and two children, who settled in America in 1709
  • Hendrick Gross, who arrived in New York in 1709 [4]
  • Conrad Gross, who arrived in America in 1712 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Gross Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • G A Gross, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1802 [4]
  • Fred Wilch Gross, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1802 [4]
  • Frederic Gross, aged 40, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804 [4]
  • Hannah Gross, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1804 [4]
  • Johann Gross, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1806 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Gross Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Leo Gross, who arrived in Mississippi in 1902 [4]
  • Fred Gross, who arrived in Alabama in 1913 [4]

Canada Gross migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Gross Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Maria Gross, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1757
  • Ms. Catherine Gross U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 524 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York [5]
  • Ms. Elizabeth Gross U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 523 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York [5]
  • Ms. Mary Gross U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 522 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York [5]

Australia Gross migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Gross Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Matthew Gross, (b. 1828), aged 25, Cornish agricultural labourer departing from Plymouth on 3rd February 1853 aboard the ship "Bride" arriving in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on 17th May 1853 [6]
  • Mrs. Mary Gross, (b. 1831), aged 22, Cornish settler departing from Plymouth on 3rd February 1853 aboard the ship "Bride" arriving in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on 17th May 1853 [6]
  • Mr. Gross, (b. 1853), aged Infant, Cornish settler born aboard the ship "Bride" arriving in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on 17th May 1853 [6]
  • Matilda Gross, aged 30, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Thetis" [7]

New Zealand Gross migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Gross Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Edwin F. Gross, (b. 1854), aged 20, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Dorette" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 14th April 1874 [8]

Contemporary Notables of the name Gross (post 1700) +

  • Kenneth Irwin Gross (1938-2017), American mathematician, two-time divisional program director for the National Science Foundation, awarded the Lester Randolph Ford Award (1979), the Chauvenet Prize (1981 and was Fellow of the American Mathematical Society (2012)
  • Robert A. Gross (1927-2018), American physicist, recipient of the Fulbright Scholarship and a Guggenheim Fellowship, fellow of both the American Physical Society and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
  • Donald John "Don" Gross (1931-2017), American Major League Baseball player who played for the Cincinnati Redlegs (1955–1957) and the Pittsburgh Pirates (1958–1960)
  • Michael C. Gross (1945-2015), American artist, designer, and film producer, perhaps best remembered for designing the logo for the movie Ghostbusters
  • Rita Gross (1943-2015), American Buddhist feminist theologian and author
  • Sarah "Sally" Gross (1933-2015), born Sarah Freiberg, an American postmodernist dancer
  • Brigadier-General Merwin Eugene Gross (1900-1946), American Commandant of the Army Air Force Institute of Technology (1946) [9]
  • Major-General Charles Philip Gross (1889-1975), American Chief of the Transportation Corps (1942-1945) [10]
  • Major-General William Milton Gross (1908-1972), American Director of Transportation, Air Force Logistics Command (1963-1964) [11]
  • David Jonathan Gross (b. 1941), American particle physicist and string theorist awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics
  • ... (Another 97 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

USS Arizona
  • Mr. Milton Henry Gross, American Chief Storekeeper Assigned from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [12]


Suggested Readings for the name Gross +

  • 345 "A Family History and Genealogy; The Descendants of Johannes Fluck...Philip Christian Gross...John A. Greup...Giving Primary Consideration to the Lines of Their Descendants" by Laura Lydia Trumbower Price, "The Family History of Friedrich Gross 1853-1968" by Charles and Eugenia Gross.

  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  3. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  6. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
  7. ^ South Australian Register Friday 1st September 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emigrant 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/thetis1854.shtml
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 11) Merwin Gross. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gross/Merwin_Eugene/USA.html
  10. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 11) Charles Gross. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gross/Charles_Philip/USA.html
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 11) William Gross. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gross/William_Milton/USA.html
  12. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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