Gould History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Gould is tied to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of England. It comes from the Old English word Gold. This term was often used as an endearment or show of affection. [1]

"This surname is derived from the name of an ancestor. 'the son of Gold.' from the Anglo-Saxon word gold, metaphorically precious." [2]

Another source notes the name denotes a "descendant of Gold or Golda, Old English personal names derived from the metal." [3]

Early Origins of the Gould family

The surname Gould was first found in Suffolk where Hugo filius Goldce was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. [4] "Golde and Goldus are personal names in the Domesday Book" [2]

Other early records include: Ralph filius Golde registered in the Pipe Rolls for Bedfordshire in 1193; Golde Bassat in the Hundredorum Rolls of Cheshire in 1279; Walter Golde in the Pipe Rolls for Devon in 1165; Ralph Golde in the Assize Rolls for Somerset in 1268; and John Gulde in Cornwall in 1297. [1]

The Hundredorum Rolls has the name listed as a forename and a surname: Adam Gold; Golda Imayn; and Golda Bassat, Cambridgeshire. [2]

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls includes Willelmus Golde, 1370; and Ricardus Gold, 1379.

In Scotland, more often than not, the name is spelt Guild and variants of the same. It is generally thought that Goold (Gold) is a variant. [5] [3]

Here, the first record was of Alexander Gulde who rendered to Exchequer the accounts of the bailies of Stirling, 1421 and 1425. Thomas Gulde and William Gulid, 'husbandis,' were charter witnesses, 1481, and Henry Guld is mentioned in a Scone document of 1491. [5]

Early History of the Gould family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gould research. Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1193, 1312, 1500, 1502, 1512, 1521, 1584, 1593, 1676, 1659, 1676, 1619, 1675, 1644, 1710, 1710, 1794, 1709, 1586, 1657, 1586, 1657, 1734, 1678 and are included under the topic Early Gould History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gould Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Gould has undergone many spelling variations, including Gould, Goold, Gold, Gilder and others.

Early Notables of the Gould family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include James Gould (1593-1676), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1659 and 1676; and Thomas Gould (ca. 1619-1675), the first pastor of the First Baptist Church of Boston in Boston, Massachusetts. Sir Henry Gould the Elder (1644-1710), was an English judge, son and heir of Andrew Gould of Winsham, Somersetshire. Sir Henry Gould the Younger (1710-1794), was an English judge, the fourth son of Davidge Gould of Sharpham...
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gould Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Gould family to Ireland

Some of the Gould family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 116 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Gould migration to the United States +

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Gould were among those contributors:

Gould Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Nathaniell Gould, who settled in Virginia in 1620
  • Peter Gould, who landed in Virginia in 1622 [6]
  • Jarvice Gould, who arrived in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1635 [6]
  • Edward Gould, a pailmaker, who sailed on the "Elizabeth" in 1635 from London and landed in Boston
  • John Gould, who arrived at Charlestown Massachusetts in 1635
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Gould Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Maria Gould, aged 78, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1755 [6]
  • Elizabeth Gould, who arrived in America in 1766 [6]
  • James Gould, who arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1784 [6]
  • John Gould, who arrived in Baltimore in 1784 with his wife Ellen Drysdale and their two sons
  • Alexander Gould, who arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1784 [6]
Gould Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Jean Gould, who landed in New York in 1827 [6]
  • William Gould, who landed in New York in 1827 [6]
  • John Evans Gould, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1838 [6]
  • Christopher Gould, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1848 [6]
  • Oliver Gould, aged 30, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1849 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Gould migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Gould Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Gould U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passener number 238 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 28,1783 at Staten Island, New York [7]
  • Mr. Abraham Gould U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [7]
  • Mrs. Catherine Gould U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. John Gould Sr., U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. John Gould Jr., U.E. born in Massachusetts, USA who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [7]
Gould Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Elizabeth Gould, who lived in Annapolis, Nova Scotia during the eighteenth century
  • Cornelius I Gould, who arrived in Canada in 1831

Australia Gould migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Gould Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Gould, a mason, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Mathew Gould, a wheelwright, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • James Gould, English convict from Staffordshire, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [8]
  • Mr. James Gould, British Convict who was convicted in Monmouth, Wales for life, transported aboard the "Asia" on 20th July 1837, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Mr. Charles Gould, English convict who was convicted in London, England for 15 years, transported aboard the "Bengal Merchant" on 24th March 1838, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Gould migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Gould Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Gould, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Prince of Wales" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 3rd January 1843 [11]
  • Miss Jane Gould, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Stately" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 5th February 1854 [11]
  • George Gould, aged 37, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Shamrock" in 1856
  • Mr. Samuel Gould, (b. 1842), aged 20, British gardener travelling from London aboard the ship "Echunga" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 24th December 1862 [12]
  • Mr. Daniel Gould, (b. 1845), aged 20, British labourer travelling from London aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 1st January 1866 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Gould (post 1700) +

  • Morton Gould (1913-1996), American composer, conductor, arranger, and pianist awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Music in 1995
  • Glenn Herbert Gould (1932-1982), Canadian pianist who became one of the best-known and most celebrated classical pianists of the twentieth century
  • Kingdon Gould Jr. (1924-2018), American diplomat, businessman, and philanthropist, United States Ambassador to the Netherlands (1973-1976), United States Ambassador to Luxembourg (1969-1972)
  • George Jay Gould (1864-1923), American president of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad and the Western Pacific Railroad
  • Chester Gould (1900-1985), U.S. cartoonist and the creator of the Dick Tracy comic strip
  • Gordon Gould (1920-2005), American physicist widely credited with the invention of the laser
  • Elliott Gould (b. 1938), American actor perhaps best known for playing Trapper John in Robert Altman's satirical 1970 film M*A*S*H
  • Laurence McKinley Gould (1896-1995), American geologist, educator, and polar explorer
  • Norman D. Gould, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Army Air Forces, during World War II, credited with 5 aerial victories
  • John Gould (1804-1881), English ornithologist, born at Lyme Regis 14 Sept. 1804; his father was a foreman gardener at Windsor Castle [13]
  • ... (Another 12 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • David Gould (1943-1988), American College Professor from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [14]
RMS Lusitania
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Harry Lee Gould, American Seaman First Class from Illinois, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [16]


Suggested Readings for the name Gould +

  • 733 The Gould Family and Allied Families: The Goulds and their 146 Great Grandparents by Helen Weaver Gould.

  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  4. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  5. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th February 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1837
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bengal-merchant
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020
  14. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  15. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 10) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  16. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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