Garland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The first family to use the name Garland lived among the Pictish people of ancient Scotland. The name Garland is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Garland may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.

Early Origins of the Garland family

The surname Garland was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland. However, we must look south to find the first record of the name. Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland ( fl. c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music.

Important Dates for the Garland family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Garland research. Another 101 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425 and are included under the topic Early Garland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Garland Spelling Variations

Repeated and inaccurate translation of Scottish names from Gaelic to English and back resulted in a wide variety of spelling variations with single names. Garland has appeared Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.

Early Notables of the Garland family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Garland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Garland family to Ireland

Some of the Garland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Garland migration to the United States

Many Scottish families suffered enormous hardships and were compelled to leave their country of birth. They traveled to Ireland and Australia, but mostly to the colonies of North America, where many found the freedom and opportunity they sought. It was not without a fight, though, as many were forced to stand up and defend their freedom in the American War of Independence. The ancestors of these Scots abroad have rediscovered their heritage in the last century through the Clan societies and other organizations that have sprung up across North America. Immigration and passenger ship lists show some important early immigrants bearing the name Garland:

Garland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Peter Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1616 [1]
  • Hugh Garland, who settled in Virginia in 1634
  • Hugh Garland, aged 20, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [1]
  • Jo Garland, aged 19, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [1]
  • Peter Garland, who settled in Virginia in 1650
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Garland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Joseph Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [1]
  • Grace Garland, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [1]
  • Bryan Garland, aged 25, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1776 [1]
Garland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Michael Garland, aged 27, who landed in Mobile County, Ala in 1838 [1]
  • Edward F Garland, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840 [1]
  • George Garland, who arrived in Mobile County, Ala in 1844 [1]
  • H Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [1]
  • W G Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Garland migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Garland Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Ann Garland, aged 20, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Madawaska" in 1833
  • Thomas Garland, aged 27, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1834
  • Mr. John Garland, (b. 1821), aged 34, English labourer, from St. Teath, Cornwall, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he survived the sinking [2]
  • Mrs. Mary Garland, (b. 1813), aged 42, English settler, from St. Teath, Cornwall, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, she died in the sinking [2]
  • Mr. John Garland, (b. 1849), aged 6, English settler, from St. Teath, Cornwall, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he died in the sinking [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Garland migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Garland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Selina Garland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "British Sovereign" in 1847 [3]
  • William Garland, aged 33, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849 [4]
  • Anne Garland, aged 31, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849 [4]
  • Claudine Garland, aged 2, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849 [4]
  • Francis Garland, aged 1, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Garland migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Garland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Henry Garland, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "John Masterman" in 1857
  • Mary Garland, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Kate Garland, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Thomas Garland, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Henry Garland, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "African" in 1860
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Garland (post 1700)

  • John Garland (1792-1861), American career United States soldier in the Regular Army who had a long career that spanned fifty years of service during the War of 1812, Seminole Wars, Mexican-American War, Utah War and the American Civil War
  • Hamlin Garland, American short story writer and novelist
  • Judy Garland (1922-1969), stage name of Frances Ethel Gumm, famed American actress and singer, winner of an Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Special Tony Award
  • John Garland KC (1862-1921), Scottish-born Australian politician, Member for Woollahra (1898-1901), and for Tamworth in 1903
  • John Bingley Garland (1791-1875), English-born, Newfoundland merchant, politician, born in Poole, the first Speaker of the House of Assembly of Newfoundland in 1833
  • Mr. Richard Garland M.B.E.,, British recipient of the Member of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to British nationals in Spain [5]
  • John James Garland (1873-1925), Canadian politician from Bell’s Corners, Ontario who served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1914 to 1915
  • Patrick Garland (1935-2013), British actor, writer and director
  • Ian Garland (b. 1977), English concert pianist, conductor and composer
  • Professor Henry Garland, Professor of German language
  • ... (Another 5 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/wreck_of_emigrant_ship_john_1855.pdf
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITISH SOVEREIGN 1847. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847BritishSovereign.htm
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The MARION 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Marion.htm
  5. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
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