Garland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The first family to use the name Garland lived among the Pictish people of ancient Scotland. The name Garland is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Garland may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.

Early Origins of the Garland family

The surname Garland was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland. Searching through early records, we discovered: "Robert Gerland of Perthshire rendered homage [to King Edward I of England] in 1296, Thomas Gerland was rector of the church of Banevy, 1321, and Gilbert Gerland was bailie of Perth, 1359. Thomas Garland was burgess of Linlithgow in 1360, and Roger Gerland or Garland was rector of the church of Eglisham, 1368-1370." [1]

The name may have originated in England as of note was Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland ( fl. c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music. And John Garland (fl. 1230), was an early grammarian and alchemist, who was assigned by Bale and Pits to the eleventh century, but some argue that he was also a native of France. [2]

Further south in the parish of Chumleigh, Devon, "Garland is supposed by Prince to have been the birthplace of John de Garland (Garlandia), a poet of the eleventh century, and it continued in the Garlands until the close of the seventeenth century. " [3]

There is much debate as to which century the important poet lived as another source explains "John Garland (fl. 1230), grammarian and alchemist, was assigned by Bale and Pits to the eleventh century, and Dom Rivet, accepting this date, argued that he was also a native of France. They were not acquainted, however, with Garland's poem, 'De Triumphis Ecclesiæ.' Garland there describes himself as one whose mother was England and his nurse Gaul, and says that he had studied at Oxford under one John of London, a philosopher. From Oxford he went to Paris, and since he there studied under Alain de Lille, who died in 1202, we may assume that he was born about 1180. " [2]

Early History of the Garland family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Garland research. Another 211 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425, 1379, 1389, 1425, 1482, 1487, 1598, 1661, 1787, 1660, 1637, 1660, 1660, 1578, 1642, 1598 and are included under the topic Early Garland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Garland Spelling Variations

Repeated and inaccurate translation of Scottish names from Gaelic to English and back resulted in a wide variety of spelling variations with single names. Garland has appeared Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.

Early Notables of the Garland family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Augustine Garland (fl. 1660), English Regicide, son of Augustine Garland, attorney, of Coleman Street, London. By the death of his father, in 1637, he succeeded to property in Essex at Hornchurch and Waltham-holy-Cross, and at Queenborough in the island of Sheppey. On 9 May 1660 he appeared before the lord mayor of London and claimed the benefit of the king's declaration. Nevertheless he was put on his trial, and on...
Another 77 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Garland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Garland World Ranking

In the United States, the name Garland is the 1,257th most popular surname with an estimated 24,870 people with that name. [4] However, in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Garland is ranked the 254th most popular surname with an estimated 174 people with that name. [5]

Ireland Migration of the Garland family to Ireland

Some of the Garland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 175 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Garland migration to the United States +

Many Scottish families suffered enormous hardships and were compelled to leave their country of birth. They traveled to Ireland and Australia, but mostly to the colonies of North America, where many found the freedom and opportunity they sought. It was not without a fight, though, as many were forced to stand up and defend their freedom in the American War of Independence. The ancestors of these Scots abroad have rediscovered their heritage in the last century through the Clan societies and other organizations that have sprung up across North America. Immigration and passenger ship lists show some important early immigrants bearing the name Garland:

Garland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Peter Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1616 [6]
  • Hugh Garland, who settled in Virginia in 1634
  • Hugh Garland, aged 20, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [6]
  • Jo Garland, aged 19, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [6]
  • Peter Garland, who settled in Virginia in 1650
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Garland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Joseph Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [6]
  • Grace Garland, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [6]
  • Bryan Garland, aged 25, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1776 [6]
Garland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Michael Garland, aged 27, who landed in Mobile County, Ala in 1838 [6]
  • Edward F Garland, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840 [6]
  • George Garland, who arrived in Mobile County, Ala in 1844 [6]
  • H Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [6]
  • W G Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Garland migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Garland Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Ann Garland, aged 20, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Madawaska" in 1833
  • Thomas Garland, aged 27, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1834
  • Mr. John Garland, (b. 1821), aged 34, English labourer, from St. Teath, Cornwall, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he survived the sinking [7]
  • Mrs. Mary Garland, (b. 1813), aged 42, English settler, from St. Teath, Cornwall, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, she died in the sinking [7]
  • Mr. John Garland, (b. 1849), aged 6, English settler, from St. Teath, Cornwall, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he died in the sinking [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Garland migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Garland Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Francis Garland, (b. 1761), aged 26, English convict who was convicted in Winchester, Winchestershire, England for life for highway robbery, transported aboard the "Charlotte" on 13th May 1787, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
Garland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Garland, (b. 1793), aged 27, Irish seaman who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for 7 years for felony, transported aboard the "Dorothy" on 5th May 1820, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Mr. John Garland, English convict who was convicted in Somerset, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Chapman" on 12th April 1826, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [10]
  • Mr. Joseph Garland who was convicted in Devon, England for life, transported aboard the "Circassian" on 4th November 1832, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • Selina Garland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "British Sovereign" in 1847 [12]
  • William Garland, aged 33, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Garland migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Garland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Henry Garland, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "John Masterman" in 1857
  • Mary Garland, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Kate Garland, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Thomas Garland, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Henry Garland, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "African" in 1860
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Garland migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [14]
Garland Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Daniel and Elizabeth Garland who settled in Barbados in 1654
  • William Garland, who settled in Barbados in 1663

Contemporary Notables of the name Garland (post 1700) +

  • Merrick Brian Garland (b. 1952), American lawyer, jurist, 86th United States Attorney General
  • Judy Garland (1922-1969), stage name of Frances Ethel Gumm, famed American actress and singer, winner of an Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Special Tony Award
  • John Garland (1792-1861), American career United States soldier in the Regular Army who had a long career that spanned fifty years of service during the War of 1812, Seminole Wars, Mexican-American War, Utah War and the American Civil War
  • Hamlin Garland, American short story writer and novelist
  • Mr. Anthony Garland, British sheriff, held the joint position of Sheriff of Nottingham, England from 1530 to 1531
  • Ken Garland (1929-2021), British graphic designer, photographer, writer and educator
  • Ailsa Garland, British broadcaster of television and radio
  • John Garland KC (1862-1921), Scottish-born Australian politician, Member for Woollahra (1898-1901), and for Tamworth in 1903
  • John Bingley Garland (1791-1875), English-born, Newfoundland merchant, politician, born in Poole, the first Speaker of the House of Assembly of Newfoundland in 1833
  • Mr. Richard Garland M.B.E., British recipient of the Member of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to British nationals in Spain [15]
  • ... (Another 8 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


Suggested Readings for the name Garland +

  • Warren and Ethel (Garland) Markwith, Their Ancestors, Descendants, and Related Families by Joseph H. Vance.

  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
  4. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  5. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/wreck_of_emigrant_ship_john_1855.pdf
  8. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 4th February 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/charlotte)
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 12th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/dorothy
  10. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retreived 28th January 2021, retreived from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/chapman)
  11. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 8th February 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/circassian)
  12. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITISH SOVEREIGN 1847. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847BritishSovereign.htm
  13. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The MARION 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Marion.htm
  14. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  15. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists


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