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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015
Where did the Scottish Garland family come from? What is the Scottish Garland family crest and coat of arms? When did the Garland family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Garland family history?The first family to use the name Garland lived among the Pictish people of ancient Scotland. The name Garland is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Garland may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.
Repeated and inaccurate translation of Scottish names from Gaelic to English and back resulted in a wide variety of spelling variations with single names. Garland has appeared Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.
First found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland. However, we must look south to find the first record of the name. Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland (fl. c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Garland research. Another 201 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425 and are included under the topic Early Garland History in all our PDF Extended History products.
More information is included under the topic Early Garland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Garland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 101 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
Many Scottish families suffered enormous hardships and were compelled to leave their country of birth. They traveled to Ireland and Australia, but mostly to the colonies of North America, where many found the freedom and opportunity they sought. It was not without a fight, though, as many were forced to stand up and defend their freedom in the American War of Independence. The ancestors of these Scots abroad have rediscovered their heritage in the last century through the Clan societies and other organizations that have sprung up across North America. Immigration and passenger ship lists show some important early immigrants bearing the name Garland:
Garland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Peter Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1616
- Hugh Garland settled in Virginia in 1634
- Hugh Garland, aged 20, arrived in Virginia in 1635
- Jo Garland, aged 19, arrived in Virginia in 1635
- Peter Garland settled in Virginia in 1650
Garland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Joseph Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1703
- Grace Garland, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
- Bryan Garland, aged 25, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1776
Garland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Michael Garland, aged 27, landed in Mobile County, Ala in 1838
- Edward F Garland, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840
- George Garland, who arrived in Mobile County, Ala in 1844
- H Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
- W G Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
Garland Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Ann Garland, aged 20, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Madawaska" in 1833
- Thomas Garland, aged 27, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1834
Garland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Selina Garland arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "British Sovereign" in 1847
- William Garland, aged 33, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849
- Anne Garland, aged 31, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849
- Claudine Garland, aged 2, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849
- Francis Garland, aged 1, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849
Garland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Henry Garland arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "John Masterman" in 1857
- Mary Garland arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
- Kate Garland arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
- Thomas Garland arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
- Henry Garland arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "African" in 1860
- John Garland (1792-1861), American career United States soldier in the Regular Army who had a long career that spanned fifty years of service during the War of 1812, Seminole Wars, Mexican-American War, Utah War and the American Civil War
- Hamlin Garland, American short story writer and novelist
- Judy Garland (1922-1969), stage name of Frances Ethel Gumm, famed American actress and singer, winner of an Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Special Tony Award
- John Garland KC (1862-1921), Scottish-born Australian politician, Member for Woollahra (1898-1901), and for Tamworth in 1903
- John James Garland (1873-1925), Canadian politician from Bell’s Corners, Ontario who served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1914 to 1915
- Patrick Garland (1935-2013), British actor, writer and director
- Ian Garland (b. 1977), English concert pianist, conductor and composer
- Professor Henry Garland, Professor of German language
- Sir Victor Garland, Australian company director and diplomatist
- George Garland, Canadian geophysicist
- Warren and Ethel (Garland) Markwith, Their Ancestors, Descendants, and Related Families by Joseph H. Vance.
- Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
- Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
- Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
- Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
- Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
- Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
- Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
- Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
- Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
- Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
The Garland Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Garland Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 22 June 2015 at 15:15.
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