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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015

Where did the Scottish Garland family come from? What is the Scottish Garland family crest and coat of arms? When did the Garland family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Garland family history?

The first family to use the name Garland lived among the Pictish people of ancient Scotland. The name Garland is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Garland may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.

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Repeated and inaccurate translation of Scottish names from Gaelic to English and back resulted in a wide variety of spelling variations with single names. Garland has appeared Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.

First found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland. However, we must look south to find the first record of the name. Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland (fl. c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Garland research. Another 201 words(14 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425 and are included under the topic Early Garland History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Garland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Garland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 101 words(7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many Scottish families suffered enormous hardships and were compelled to leave their country of birth. They traveled to Ireland and Australia, but mostly to the colonies of North America, where many found the freedom and opportunity they sought. It was not without a fight, though, as many were forced to stand up and defend their freedom in the American War of Independence. The ancestors of these Scots abroad have rediscovered their heritage in the last century through the Clan societies and other organizations that have sprung up across North America. Immigration and passenger ship lists show some important early immigrants bearing the name Garland:

Garland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Peter Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1616
  • Hugh Garland settled in Virginia in 1634
  • Hugh Garland, aged 20, arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Jo Garland, aged 19, arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Peter Garland settled in Virginia in 1650


Garland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Joseph Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1703
  • Grace Garland, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
  • Bryan Garland, aged 25, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1776

Garland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Michael Garland, aged 27, landed in Mobile County, Ala in 1838
  • Edward F Garland, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840
  • George Garland, who arrived in Mobile County, Ala in 1844
  • H Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • W G Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850


Garland Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • Ann Garland, aged 20, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Madawaska" in 1833
  • Thomas Garland, aged 27, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1834

Garland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Selina Garland arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "British Sovereign" in 1847
  • William Garland, aged 33, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849
  • Anne Garland, aged 31, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849
  • Claudine Garland, aged 2, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849
  • Francis Garland, aged 1, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849


Garland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Henry Garland arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "John Masterman" in 1857
  • Mary Garland arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Kate Garland arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Thomas Garland arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Henry Garland arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "African" in 1860


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  • Hamlin Garland, American short story writer and novelist
  • Judy Garland (1922-1969), stage name of Frances Ethel Gumm, famed American actress and singer, winner of an Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Special Tony Award
  • John Garland (1792-1861), American career United States soldier in the Regular Army who had a long career that spanned fifty years of service during the War of 1812, Seminole Wars, Mexican-American War, Utah War and the American Civil War
  • John Garland KC (1862-1921), Scottish-born Australian politician, Member for Woollahra (1898-1901), and for Tamworth in 1903
  • Ailsa Garland, British broadcaster of television and radio
  • Basil Garland, British court registrar
  • George Garland, Canadian geophysicist
  • Sir Victor Garland, Australian company director and diplomatist
  • Professor Henry Garland, Professor of German language
  • Ian Garland (b. 1977), English concert pianist, conductor and composer

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  • Warren and Ethel (Garland) Markwith, Their Ancestors, Descendants, and Related Families by Joseph H. Vance.
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  1. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
  2. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
  3. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  4. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  8. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  9. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
  10. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  11. ...

The Garland Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Garland Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 22 June 2015 at 15:15.

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