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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Gardiner family come from? What is the English Gardiner family crest and coat of arms? When did the Gardiner family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Gardiner family history?

Gardiner is a name that was formed by the Anglo-Saxon society of old Britain. The name was thought to have been used for someone who once worked as a gardener. The surname Gardiner originally derived from the Old French word gardinier. It was later adopted in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Occupational names that were derived from the common trades of the medieval era transcended European cultural and linguistic boundaries. Occupational names have remained fairly common in the modern period. This is attested to by the continuing appearance of occupational suffixes at the end of many English surnames. Some of these suffixes include: herd, monger, maker, hewer, smith, and wright. Similarly, surnames of office, which include military, judicial, papal and other positions of authority, are widespread throughout Europe. Those who were involved in the military, or feudal armies, were given names such as the English surname Archer, the French name Chevalier and the German name Jeger, which means hunter. Names that were derived from judicial and papal titles, such asBailiffe, Squire and Abbott, are still commonly seen with the same surname spelling today.

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Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Gardiner include Gardiner, Gardner and others.

First found in Oxfordshire where they held a family seat from very early times. Early records show William le Gardinier in county Rutland in 1199; William Gardin, listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Huntingdon in 1218, John atte Gardyne, listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296; and Walter le Gardiner listed in the Subsidy Rolls for London in 1292.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gardiner research. Another 171 words(12 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1300, 1370, 1426, 1454, 1545, 1493, 1555, 1531, 1478, 1591, 1662, 1640, 1592, 1674, 1624, 1599, 1663, 1635, 1637, 1705, 1695, 1705, 1604 and are included under the topic Early Gardiner History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 241 words(17 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gardiner Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Gardiner family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 187 words(13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Gardiner were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:

Gardiner Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Christopher Gardiner, came to New England in 1630
  • Sir Christopher Gardiner, who arrived in New England in 1630
  • Lyon Gardiner who settled in Saybrook, Long Island, after sailing in his 25 ton ketch called "Bachelor" in 1633. He purchased the island from the Indians, and this famous island was first known as Gardiner's Island. His daughter, Mary, was the first white person born on Long Island
  • Lion Gardiner, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635
  • Lyon Gardiner, aged 36, arrived in New England in 1635


Gardiner Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Edmd Gardiner, who landed in Virginia in 1700
  • Head Gardiner, who arrived in Georgia in 1738
  • Peter Gardiner, who arrived in Maryland in 1747
  • Christian Gardiner, who came to South Carolina in 1753 with his four children Age: 11
  • Michael Gardiner, aged 35, arrived in New York in 1799

Gardiner Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Robert Gardiner, who landed in New York in 1801
  • Henry Gardiner, who landed in America in 1809
  • Hugh Gardiner, aged 20, arrived in Maine in 1812
  • Elisha Gardiner, aged 30, arrived in Maine in 1812
  • Archibald Gardiner, aged 17, arrived in Maine in 1812


Gardiner Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Mr. Edward Gardiner U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784
  • Private George Gardiner U.E. (b. 1743) born in Vermont, USA from Vermont, USA who settled in Front of Yonge Township, Leeds County, Ontario c. 1784 he enlisted in 1777 and served in the King's Loyal Americans in Capt. Hugh Munro's Company, then Capt. Jessup's Company and Capt. McAlpins Corps he died in 1816, married to Ruth Morey they had 8 children
  • Mr. John Gardiner U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1784
  • Mr. John Gardiner U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784
  • Mr. Jacob Gardiner U.E., "Gardner" who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784

Gardiner Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • Walter Gardiner, who arrived in Canada in 1821
  • George Gardiner, who arrived in Esquimalt, British Columbia in 1862

Gardiner Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Thomas Gardiner, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • Frederick Gardiner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Admiral" in 1838
  • Jane Gardiner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Admiral" in 1838
  • Robert Gardiner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Recovery" in 1839
  • Eliza Gardiner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Ramillies" in 1849


Gardiner Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • William Gardiner landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • George Gardiner, aged 19, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • Robert Gardiner, aged 34, a tailor, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • Jane Gardiner, aged 35, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • John Gardiner, aged 5, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842


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  • Sylvester Gardiner (1708-1786), American colonial physician and landowner
  • Gerald Austin Gardiner (1900-1990), English lawyer, Lord Chancellor (1964-1970), made Life Peer Baron Gardiner in 1963
  • Charles Wrey Gardiner (1901-1981), English writer and poet, editor and publisher
  • Reginald Gardiner (1903-1980), English stage actor
  • Samuel Rawson Gardiner (1829-1902), English historian
  • Sir John Eliot Gardiner (b. 1943), English conductor
  • Henry Balfour Gardiner (1877-1950), English composer
  • Sir George Gardiner (1935-2002), English politician
  • Major General Louis Joseph "Lou" Gardiner ONZM (1952-2015), New Zealand military officer, Chief of Army from 2006 to 2009
  • Mr. George Alexander Gardiner, British Marine, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

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  • The Gardiner-Squires Connection: An Account of the Gardiner Family of Gardiner's Island, Long Island, New York and the Squires Family of Squiretown, Long Island, New York and West Haven, Connecticut, Their Connections and Allied Families by Tiger Gardiner.
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  1. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  2. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  3. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  4. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  5. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  6. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  7. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  8. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  9. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  10. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  11. ...

The Gardiner Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gardiner Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 17 August 2015 at 13:11.

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