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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Gardiner is a name that was formed by the Anglo-Saxon
society of old Britain. The name was thought to have been used for someone who once worked as a gardener.
The surname Gardiner originally derived from the Old French word gardinier.
It was later adopted in England
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. Occupational
names that were derived from the common trades of the medieval era transcended European cultural and linguistic boundaries. Occupational
names have remained fairly common in the modern period. This is attested to by the continuing appearance of occupational
suffixes at the end of many English surnames. Some of these suffixes include: herd, monger, maker, hewer, smith, and wright.
Similarly, surnames of office, which include military, judicial, papal and other positions of authority, are widespread throughout Europe. Those who were involved in the military, or feudal
armies, were given names such as the English surname Archer,
the French name Chevalier
and the German name Jeger,
which means hunter.
Names that were derived from judicial and papal titles, such asBailiffe, Squire
are still commonly seen with the same surname spelling today.
The surname Gardiner was first found in Oxfordshire
where they held a family seat
from very early times. Early records show William le Gardinier in county Rutland in 1199; William Gardin, listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Huntingdon
in 1218, John atte Gardyne, listed in the Subsidy Rolls
in 1296; and Walter le Gardiner listed in the Subsidy Rolls
for London in 1292.
Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Gardiner include Gardiner, Gardner and others.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gardiner research. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1300, 1370, 1426, 1454, 1545, 1493, 1555, 1531, 1478, 1591, 1662, 1640, 1592, 1674, 1624, 1599, 1663, 1635, 1637, 1705, 1695, 1705, 1604 and are included under the topic Early Gardiner History in all our PDF Extended History products
Another 241 words (17 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gardiner Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
Some of the Gardiner family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 187 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England
at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Gardiner were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:
Gardiner Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Christopher Gardiner, came to New England in 1630
- Sir Christopher Gardiner, who arrived in New England in 1630
- Lyon Gardiner who settled in Saybrook, Long Island, after sailing in his 25 ton ketch called "Bachelor" in 1633. He purchased the island from the Indians, and this famous island was first known as Gardiner's Island. His daughter, Mary, was the first white person born on Long Island
- Lion Gardiner, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635
- Lyon Gardiner, aged 36, arrived in New England in 1635
Gardiner Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Edmd Gardiner, who landed in Virginia in 1700
- Head Gardiner, who arrived in Georgia in 1738
- Peter Gardiner, who arrived in Maryland in 1747
- Christian Gardiner, who came to South Carolina in 1753 with his four children
- Michael Gardiner, aged 35, arrived in New York in 1799
Gardiner Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Robert Gardiner, who landed in New York in 1801
- Henry Gardiner, who landed in America in 1809
- Hugh Gardiner, aged 20, arrived in Maine in 1812
- Elisha Gardiner, aged 30, arrived in Maine in 1812
- Archibald Gardiner, aged 17, arrived in Maine in 1812
Gardiner Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Mr. Edward Gardiner U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784
- Private George Gardiner U.E. (b. 1743) born in Vermont, USA from Vermont, USA who settled in Front of Yonge Township, Leeds County, Ontario c. 1784 he enlisted in 1777 and served in the King's Loyal Americans in Capt. Hugh Munro's Company, then Capt. Jessup's Company and Capt. McAlpins Corps he died in 1816, married to Ruth Morey they had 8 children
- Mr. John Gardiner U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1784
- Mr. John Gardiner U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784
- Mr. Jacob Gardiner U.E., "Gardner" who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784
Gardiner Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Walter Gardiner, who arrived in Canada in 1821
- George Gardiner, who arrived in Esquimalt, British Columbia in 1862
Gardiner Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Thomas Gardiner, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- Frederick Gardiner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Admiral" in 1838
- Jane Gardiner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Admiral" in 1838
- Robert Gardiner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Recovery" in 1839
- Eliza Gardiner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Ramillies" in 1849
Gardiner Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- William Gardiner landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
- George Gardiner, aged 19, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
- Robert Gardiner, aged 34, a tailor, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
- Jane Gardiner, aged 35, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
- John Gardiner, aged 5, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
- E. Watson Gardiner, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 30th District, 1926, 1928
- E. Watson Gardiner, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Montgomery County, 1894-95
- Dirck Gardiner, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Columbia County, 1793-94, 1800-01
- David Gardiner (1784-1844), American politician, Member of New York State Senate 1st District, 1824-27
- Dale F. Gardiner, American Democrat politician, Mayor of Riverton, Utah, 1985-89; Candidate for U.S. Representative from Utah 3rd District, 1986
- Charles L. Gardiner, American politician, Member of Pennsylvania State House of Representatives from Wayne County, 1883-84
- C. H. Gardiner, American politician, Representative from Nevada at-large, 1892
- Byron J. Gardiner, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for Connecticut State House of Representatives from Stonington, 1894, 1904, 1906
- Abraham H. Gardiner, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Suffolk County 1st District, 1853
- Abraham H. Gardiner, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Suffolk County, 1828
- The Gardiner-Squires Connection: An Account of the Gardiner Family of Gardiner's Island, Long Island, New York and the Squires Family of Squiretown, Long Island, New York and West Haven, Connecticut, Their Connections and Allied Families by Tiger Gardiner.
- Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
- Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
- Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
- Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
- Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
- Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
- Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
- Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
- Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
- Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
The Gardiner Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gardiner Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 12 April 2016 at 19:01.
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