Ashley History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Ashley name has descended through the generations from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. Their name comes from having lived in the parishes named Ashley in Staffordshire, Wilts, Cambridge. The name developed in many counties in England and it represent one of the few names that may have developed simultaneously in several different counties. The family name Ashley is a variant of the surname Ash, which is of topographical derivation and indicates that members of the family once lived in close proximity to an ash tree. [1]

There may be a Norman connection as the Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae listed "Walter de Esseleia was of Normandy, 1198. He was also of Gloucestershire, 1198. [2]

Early Origins of the Ashley family

The surname Ashley was first found in Cheshire, where they held a family seat from very ancient times. They were found in many counties in England, and represent one of the few names which may have developed simultaneously in several different counties. They moved southward and appeared in Somerset, Wiltshire, Devon, and Dorset.

By the late 13th century, the name was scattered throughout ancient Britain. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Robert de Aslegh, Devon; Henry de Assele, Norfolk; and Walter de Asseleghe, Somerset. [3]

Important Dates for the Ashley family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Ashley research. Another 103 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1617, 1741, 1606, 1929, 1551, 1627, 1588, 1565 and 1641 are included under the topic Early Ashley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ashley Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Ashley has undergone many spelling variations, including Ashley, Ashly, Astley and others.

Early Notables of the Ashley family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Blessed Ralph Ashley (executed 7 April 1606), an English Jesuit lay-brother who became involved with the aftermath of the Gunpowder Plot; a Catholic martyr, beatified in 1929. Sir Anthony Ashley (1551-1627), was Clerk of the Privy Council, and "was descended from an ancient family which had settled, from the time of Henry VI, at Wimborne St. Giles, in Dorsetshire. Of Ashley's early...
Another 69 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Ashley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ashley migration to the United States

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Ashley were among those contributors:

Ashley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Ann Ashley, who landed in Virginia in 1623 [4]
  • Ann Ashley in 1624 who settled in Virginia
  • An Ashley, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1624 [4]
  • Edward Ashley, who settled in Maine in 1630
  • Mary Ashley, who settled in Virginia in 1634
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Ashley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Eliza Ashley, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [4]
  • Maurice Ashley, who arrived in Carolina in 1708 [4]
  • Ezekiel Ashley, who arrived in Connecticut in 1745 [4]
  • Sarah Ashley, who landed in New York in 1775 [4]
  • Lemuel Ashley, who landed in Massachusetts in 1784 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Ashley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Daniel Ashley, who arrived in New York, NY in 1816 [4]
  • L G Ashley, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [4]
  • B M Ashley, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [4]
  • J Ashley, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [4]
  • P Ashley, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [4]
Ashley Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Samuel Ashley, who landed in Colorado in 1907 [4]

Ashley migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Ashley Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mary Ashley, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. William Ashley, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, (b. 1749) born in London, England, who settled in Township of Loborough, County of Frontenac c. 1783 married to Margaret Buck, William died on March 24, 1835 in Kingston, Ontario, leaving 10 children [5]

Ashley migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Ashley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Ashley, English convict from York, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on October 16, 1826, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [6]
  • Mary Ashley, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Admiral" in 1838 [7]
  • James Ashley, aged 23, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince Regent" in 1849 [8]
  • James Ashley, aged 23, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Prince Regent" [8]
  • John Ashley, aged 44, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Olivia" [9]

Ashley migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Ashley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Ashley, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1863
  • Elizabeth Ashley, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1863
  • Alfred Ashley, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1863
  • Robert Ashley, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1863
  • John Ashley, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Claramont" in 1863
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Ashley (post 1700)

  • Thomas William Ludlow Ashley (1923-1955), American politician, U.S. Representative from Ohio (1955 to 1981)
  • Vernon Lewis Ashley (1916-2015), Native American leader
  • William Henry Ashley (1785-1839), American fur trader, entrepreneur and politician
  • Robert Ashley (1930-2014), American composer of operas and other theatrical works
  • Maurice Ashley (b. 1966), American chess grandmaster
  • Karan Ashley (b. 1975), Karen Ashley Jackson, American actress
  • John Ashley (1934-1997), American actor
  • Elizabeth Ashley (b. 1939), American Tony Award winning actress
  • Barrett Ashley, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Tennessee, 1952 [10]
  • Arden Ashley, American politician, Mayor of Nitro, West Virginia, 1980-83 [10]
  • ... (Another 53 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Ashley family

HMS Cornwall
  • Ernest  Frederick Ashley (d. 1942), British Engine Room Artificer 4th Class aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [11]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Robert G Ashley (b. 1919), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Burslem, Staffordshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Roger Ashley, British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [13]

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Citations

  1. ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Andromeda voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1826 with 147 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1826
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ROYAL ADMIRAL 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838RoyalAdmiral.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) "PRINCE REGENT" 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849PrinceRegent.htm
  9. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 15 November 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Olivia 1857. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/olivia1853.shtml.
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 8) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  11. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  12. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  13. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
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