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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The age-old Pictish-Scottish family name Andrew is derived from the baptismal name Andrew which in Greek means manly. The name was popular as both a personal name and a surname, likely because it was the name of Scotland's patron saint. In Gaelic the name is Aindrea and Anndra which again means manly.
In the Middle ages, spelling and translation were not yet regulated by any general rules. spelling variations in names were common even among members of one family unit. Andrew has appeared Andrew, Andrews, MacAndrew, Androw, Androe, Andro and many more.
First found in Caithness (Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness. This family was strongly associated with the Clan Ross. It was originally known as the Clan Siol Andrea, meaning the race of Andrew. However, from about the year 1100 the Andrews moved south to the Dumfriesshire area of southwest Scotland. Duncan Andrew, Chief of the Clan, rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296.  Some of the family were found further south in England, specifically at Shotley in Northumberland where "Shotley Hall is said to have been built by Dr. Andrews, physician to the first royal Duke of Cumberland." 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Andrew research. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1395, 1463, 1600, 1958, 1600, 1661, 1660, 1661, 1659, 1649, 1650 and are included under the topic Early Andrew History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 117 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Andrew Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Andrew family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
Faced by this persecution and the generally unstable political climate of those days, many Scots chose to leave their homeland for Ireland, Australia, and North America in search of greater opportunity and freedom. The colonies across the Atlantic were the most popular choice, but a passage there was neither cheap nor easily suffered. Passengers arrived sick and poor, but those who made it intact often found land and more tolerant societies in which to live. These brave settlers formed the backbone of the burgeoning nations of Canada and the United States. It is only this century that the ancestors of these families have begun to recover their collective identity through the patriotic highland games and Clan societies that have sprung up throughout North America. Research into early immigration and passenger lists revealed many immigrants bearing the name Andrew:
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Anthony Andrew, who arrived in Virginia in 1622
- William Andrew settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a ships captain who settled in 1634
- William Andrew, who landed in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1634
- Richard Andrew, who arrived in Virginia in 1643
- John Andrew, son of Sir John Andrew of Charlton, landed in 1650
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Scoch Andrew, who landed in Virginia in 1704
- John Andrew settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1767
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- James Andrew, who landed in South Carolina in 1809
- Henry Andrew, aged 26, arrived in New York in 1812
- Jonah Andrew, aged 30, arrived in America in 1813
- Mrs. Andrew, aged 20, landed in New York, NY in 1834
- Peter Andrew, aged 30, landed in New York, NY in 1834
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Falde Gielbrand Andrew, who arrived in Wisconsin in 1911
Andrew Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Liddy Andrew, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
- Moses Andrew, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1774
- Mr. George Andrew, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Carleton, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783
- Mr. Robert Andrew, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Carleton, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783
Andrew Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- James Andrew, English convict from Liverpool, Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- John Andrew arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1846
- Elizabeth Andrew arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Aboukir" in 1847
- Peter Andrew arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Aboukir" in 1847
- Ann Andrew arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Aboukir" in 1847
Andrew Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Robert Andrew landed in Tamaki, Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
- H Andrew landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842
- Robert Andrew, aged 32, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
- Mary Andrew, aged 30, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
- James Andrew, aged 15, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
- Brigadier-General Ray Andrew, American Adjutant-General of New Mexico (1944-1946)
- Henry Andrew, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County, 1837
- Harry E. Andrew, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1924
- Franklin Andrew, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 2008
- Frank M. Andrew, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1928
- Cindy Andrew, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 2008
- Charles B. Andrew, American politician, First Selectman of Naugatuck, Connecticut, 1910
- Benjamin Andrew (1730-1790), American politician, Delegate to Continental Congress from Georgia, 1780
- Austin E. Andrew, American Republican politician, Postmaster at Aberdeen, Maryland, 1929-32 (acting, 1929)
- Abram Piatt Andrew Jr. (1873-1936), American Republican politician, Director, ; U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, 1910-12; U.S. Representative from Massachusetts 6th District, 1921-36; Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1924, 1928
- History of the Andrew Family by Adelia Brown Elmer.
- Thomas Andrew, Immigrant: A Genealogy of the Posterity of Thomas Andrew, One of the Early Settlers of New England by Laurence Clyde Andrew.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Victrix fortuna sapientia
Motto Translation: Wisdom is the conqueror of fortune.
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
- Bloxham, Ben. Key to Parochial Registers of Scotland From Earliest Times Through 1854 2nd edition. Provo, UT: Stevenson's Genealogical Center, 1979. Print.
- Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
- Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
- The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
- Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
- Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
- Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
- Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
The Andrew Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Andrew Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 11 February 2016 at 16:22.
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