Eyre History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Eyre is rooted in the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It was a name for someone who was a person who was well-known as the heir to a title, fortune, or estate. The name is thought to be derived from the Old French eir, which is itself derived from the Latin heres, meaning "heir."

Early Origins of the Eyre family

The surname Eyre was first found in Derbyshire, where the ancestral home of the main branch of the Eyre family is thought to be located. Early written records of the name Eyre have been found in many counties, notably Derbyshire, Wiltshire, and Shropshire. In the early legends of the Eyre family, it was recounted that a Knight named Eyre who fought with Richard the Lionheart at the Battle of Ascalon during the Crusades lost a leg while defending his King, which is why the family still bears a booted leg in its crest.

Another source, mentions that the traditional origin of the name was in circumstance of a Norman knight having at the Battle of Hastings succoured (helped) duke William of Normandy and given him air when he was in danger of suffocation. [1]

"The Eyres appear as witnesses to charters in the Peak of Derbyshire in the remotest period to which private charters ascend. The first of the name known is William le Eyre, of Hope, in the reign of Henry III." [2]

The chapel in Great Longstone, Derbyshire contains monuments to the "family of Eyre, earls of Newburgh." [3]

Important Dates for the Eyre family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Eyre research. Another 112 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1216, 1582, 1657, 1635, 1628, 1678, 1659, 1678, 1635, 1695, 1660, 1661, 1689, 1638, 1698, 1666, 1735, 1680, 1700, 1689, 1693, 1638, 1712, 1665, 1715, 1698, 1701, 1705, 1715, 1670, 1715, 1729, 1585, 1661, 1662 and 1768 are included under the topic Early Eyre History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Eyre Spelling Variations

Eyre has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Eyre have been found, including Eyre, Eyer, Eyers, Eayres, Eyres, Ayer, Ayers,Heyer, Ayr, Air, Aires, Hyer, Hayer, Hoyer and many more.

Early Notables of the Eyre family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include John Ayer (1582-1657), an English settler to Massachusetts sailing aboard the ship James in 1635, settling in Ipswich, Haverhill, and Salisbury, born in Salisbury, Wiltshire. Henry Eyre (1628-1678), was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1659 and 1678; Sir Giles Eyre (c. 1635-1695), was an English politician and judge, Member of Parliament for Downton (1660-1661), and Salisbury in 1689. Sir Samuel Eyre (1638-1698), was an English judge; and his son, Sir Robert Eyre (1666-1735), an English lawyer, Solicitor-General and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. John Ayres ( fl. 1680-1700)...
Another 162 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Eyre Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Eyre family to Ireland

Some of the Eyre family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 119 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Eyre migration to the United States

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Eyres to arrive on North American shores:

Eyre Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Eleazer Eyre, who brought his family to New Hampshire in 1620
  • Eleazer Eyre, who landed in New England in 1631 [4]
  • Thomas Eyre, who landed in New England in 1631 [4]
  • Simon Eyre, who landed in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1637 [4]
  • John Eyre, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1654 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Eyre Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • James Eyre, who immigrated to Virginia in 1738
  • John Martin Eyre, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1765 [4]
  • Joseph Eyre, who landed in Virginia in 1774 [4]
Eyre Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Miles Eyre, aged 42, who arrived in Missouri in 1842 [4]
  • Charles Edmund Eyre, who was living in New York in 1843
  • Charles Edmund Eyre, who arrived in New York, NY in 1843 [4]
  • Mr. Eyre, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [4]
  • George Eyre, who arrived in Arkansas in 1881 [4]

Eyre migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Eyre Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James William Eyre, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Thomas Lowry" in 1848 [5]
  • Miss Maria Eyre, (b. 1819), aged 30, Cornish seamstress from Truro, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Nelson" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 17th November 1849 [6]
  • Mr. John Eyre, (b. 1829), aged 20, Cornish garden labourer from Kenwyn, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Sarah" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 10th December 1849 [6]
  • Miss Maria Eyre, (b. 1819), aged 30, Cornish seamstress from Truro, Cornwall, UK departing from Plymouth on 8th August 1849 aboard the ship "Nelson" arriving in Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia on 17th November 1849 [7]
  • John Edward Eyre, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Midlothian" in 1850 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Eyre migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Eyre Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Rev. G. H. Eyre, British settler travelling from London with his family aboard the ship "Egmont" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 23rd December 1853 [9]
  • Mr. Charles Eyre, British settler travelling from Liverpool aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th October 1859 [9]
  • Mrs. Eyre, British settler travelling from Liverpool aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th October 1859 [9]
  • Miss Anne Eyre, British settler travelling from Liverpool aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th October 1859 [9]
  • Mr. Arthur Eyre, British settler travelling from Liverpool aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th October 1859 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Eyre (post 1700)

  • Scott Alan Eyre (b. 1972), American Major League Baseball player
  • Wilson Eyre Jr. (1858-1944), American architect
  • Thomas Lawrence Eyre (1862-1926), American Republican politician, Member of Pennsylvania State Senate 19th District, 1917-26 [10]
  • Joseph Larkin Eyre (1905-1976), American Republican politician, Mayor of Chester, Pennsylvania, 1956-63 [10]
  • J. P. Eyre, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1856 [10]
  • Floyd Eyre, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Utah, 1940 [10]
  • Dan E. Eyre, American politician, Mayor of Hastings, Minnesota, 1867-69; Member of Minnesota State House of Representatives, 1871-72 [10]
  • Edward John Eyre (1815-1901), English explorer of Australia, and Colonial administrator, Lieutenant Governor of New Zealand (1846-53), Governor of St. Vincent (1854-60), Governor of Jamaica (1864)
  • Charles Petre Eyre (1817-1902), English Roman Catholic prelate, Archbishop of Glasgow (1878-1902)
  • Marjorie Eyre (1897-1987), English opera singer
  • ... (Another 5 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) THOMAS LOWRY 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848ThomasLowry.htm
  6. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MIDLOTHIAN 1850. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Midlothian.gif
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 19) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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