Escott History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The proud Escott family originated in Cornwall, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Escott family originally lived in Cornwall. Their name, however, translates as the dweller at the eastern cottage, and indicates that the original bearer lived in such a place.

Early Origins of the Escott family

The surname Escott was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Important Dates for the Escott family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Escott research. Another 69 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1570, 1624, 1607, 1624, 1668, 1712, 1601, 1668, 1628, 1629, 1676, 1684, 1587, 1563, 1571, 1572, 1584 and 1586 are included under the topic Early Escott History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Escott Spelling Variations

Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Estcourt, Estcott, Estcotte, Eastcourt, Escott and many more.

Early Notables of the Escott family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Estcourt (c. 1570-1624), an English lawyer and politician, High Sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1607, Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire in 1624; Sir Edward Estcourt of Salisbury; Richard Estcourt (1668-1712), an early English actor, active playing comedy parts in Dublin; and Sir Giles Estcourt, 1st Baronet (c. 1601-1668), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1628 to 1629, supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. He was from Newton in...
Another 85 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Escott Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Escott migration to the United States

A look at the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Escott:

Escott Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Thomas Escott who settled in Virginia in 1680

Escott migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Escott Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Miss Mary Escott, (b. 1834), aged 21, English servant, from Tavistock, Devon, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, she died in the sinking [1]
  • Mr. Thomas Escott, (b. 1842), aged 13, English labourer, from Tavistock, Devon, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he survived the sinking [1]

Escott migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Escott Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Escott, aged 25, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Cheapside" [2]
  • W. Escott, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cheapside" in 1849 [2]
  • Mr. William Escott, (b. 1835), aged 19, Cornish settler convicted in Bodmin, Cornwall, UK on 22nd March 1855, sentenced for 14 years, transported aboard the ship "Runnymede" on 11th June 1856 to Western Australia, Australia [3]
  • Mr. John Escott, (b. 1866), aged 19, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "New Guinea" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 17th August 1885 [4]
  • Mr. Charles Escott, (b. 1867), aged 20, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Duke of Buccleuch" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 6th December 1887 [4]

Escott migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Escott Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Escott, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Norfolk" arriving in Wellington, North Island, New Zealand on 18th June 1880 [5]
  • Miss M. Escott, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "May Queen" arriving in Tauranga, Bay of Plenty, North Island, New Zealand on 16th December 1881 [5]
  • Miss Bessie Escott, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "May Queen" arriving in Tauranga, Bay of Plenty, North Island, New Zealand on 16th December 1881 [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Escott (post 1700)

  • Edward Sweet Escott (1879-1956), English cricketer
  • Ralph Bond Sweet Escott (1869-1907), English-born international rugby union half back
  • Harry Escott (b. 1976), English composer living in London
  • Cicely Margaret Escott (1908-1977), English-born, New Zealand novelist, drama teacher and poet
  • Beryl E. Escott, Canadian-born writer specializing in the history of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force
  • Sir Ernest Bickham Sweet Escott (1857-1941), British colonial administrator and governor
  • James Henry Escott (1872-1916), Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand
  • Colin Escott, Toronto-based music journalist
  • Escott Frith Loney (1903-1982), English first class cricketer for Derbyshire from 1925 to 1927

Historic Events for the Escott family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Robert W Escott (b. 1916), English Stoker 2nd Class serving for the Royal Navy from Blackheath, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [6]

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Citations

  1. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/wreck_of_emigrant_ship_john_1855.pdf
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CHEAPSIDE 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Cheapside.htm
  3. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_queensland.pdf
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
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