Escott History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon name Escott comes from the family having resided in Bedfordshire. Their name, however, translates as the dweller at the eastern cottage, and indicates that the original bearer lived in such a place. [1]

Early Origins of the Escott family

The surname Escott was first found in Bedfordshire, where Gundwinus de Estcota was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1190. [2] The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Richard de Estcott, Wiltshire; and Hugh de Estcote, Cambridgeshire. [3]

Later the Subsidy Rolls for Sussex listed Robert atte Estcote in 1327. [2]

Eastcourt is a hamlet, in the parish of Crudwell, union and hundred of Malmesbury, Malmesbury and Kingswood divisions of Wiltshire [4] and there are at least three villages name Eastcott ( Wiltshire (2), Middlesex.) The oldest was Eastcourt, Wiltshire which dates back to Saxon times when it was known as Escote. Eastcott, Wiltshire dates back to 1167 and it was known as Estcota at that time. [5]

Early History of the Escott family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Escott research. Another 69 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1570, 1624, 1607, 1624, 1668, 1712, 1601, 1668, 1628, 1629, 1676, 1684, 1587, 1563, 1571, 1572, 1584 and 1586 are included under the topic Early Escott History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Escott Spelling Variations

Escott has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Estcourt, Estcott, Estcotte, Eastcourt, Escott and many more.

Early Notables of the Escott family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Sir Thomas Estcourt (c. 1570-1624), an English lawyer and politician, High Sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1607, Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire in 1624; Sir Edward Estcourt of Salisbury; Richard Estcourt (1668-1712), an early English actor, active playing comedy parts in Dublin; and Sir Giles Estcourt, 1st Baronet (c. 1601-1668), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1628 to 1629, supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. He was from Newton in the...
Another 84 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Escott Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Escott migration to the United States +

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Escotts to arrive on North American shores:

Escott Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Thomas Escott who settled in Virginia in 1680

Canada Escott migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Escott Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Miss Mary Escott, (b. 1834), aged 21, English servant, from Tavistock, Devon, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, she died in the sinking [6]
  • Mr. Thomas Escott, (b. 1842), aged 13, English labourer, from Tavistock, Devon, England, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he survived the sinking [6]

Australia Escott migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Escott Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Escott, aged 25, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Cheapside" [7]
  • W. Escott, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cheapside" in 1849 [7]
  • Mr. William Escott, (b. 1835), aged 19, Cornish settler convicted in Bodmin, Cornwall, UK on 22nd March 1855, sentenced for 14 years, transported aboard the ship "Runnymede" on 11th June 1856 to Western Australia, Australia [8]
  • Mr. John Escott, (b. 1866), aged 19, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "New Guinea" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 17th August 1885 [9]
  • Mr. Charles Escott, (b. 1867), aged 20, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Duke of Buccleuch" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 6th December 1887 [9]

New Zealand Escott migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Escott Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Escott, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Norfolk" arriving in Wellington, North Island, New Zealand on 18th June 1880 [10]
  • Miss M. Escott, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "May Queen" arriving in Tauranga, Bay of Plenty, North Island, New Zealand on 16th December 1881 [10]
  • Miss Bessie Escott, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "May Queen" arriving in Tauranga, Bay of Plenty, North Island, New Zealand on 16th December 1881 [10]

Contemporary Notables of the name Escott (post 1700) +

  • Edward Sweet Escott (1879-1956), English cricketer
  • Ralph Bond Sweet Escott (1869-1907), English-born international rugby union half back
  • Harry Escott (b. 1976), English composer living in London
  • Cicely Margaret Escott (1908-1977), English-born, New Zealand novelist, drama teacher and poet
  • Beryl E. Escott, Canadian-born writer specializing in the history of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force
  • Sir Ernest Bickham Sweet Escott (1857-1941), British colonial administrator and governor
  • James Henry Escott (1872-1916), Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand
  • Colin Escott, Toronto-based music journalist
  • Escott Frith Loney (1903-1982), English first class cricketer for Derbyshire from 1925 to 1927

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Robert W Escott (b. 1916), English Stoker 2nd Class serving for the Royal Navy from Blackheath, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [11]


  1. ^ Charnock, Richard, Stephen, Ludus Patronymicus of The Etymology of Curious Surnames. London: Trubner & Co., 60 Paternoster Row, 1868. Print.
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  6. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/wreck_of_emigrant_ship_john_1855.pdf
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CHEAPSIDE 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Cheapside.htm
  8. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  9. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_queensland.pdf
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm


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