Erligh History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the Erligh family goes back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from the family living in the parish of Earley, in the diocese of Oxford.

Early Origins of the Erligh family

The surname Erligh was first found in the County of Somerset. The surname originates from a Saxon word "eorl" or "jarl" which described the elder or wise man of the village. In time the name came to mean the leader or ruler and finally, during mediaeval times it was used to signify a nobleman of the highest rank.

Later, a branch of the family was found at Axmouth in Devon. "The manor [of Axmouth] formerly belonged to the abbey of Sion, in Middlesex, and was given at the Dissolution by Henry VIII. to his queen Catharine Parr, as part of her dower; it reverted at her death to the crown, and was granted by Edward VI., in 1552, to Walter Erle." [1]

"The manor of Penheale, [in the parish or Egloskerry, Cornwall] extends over the whole parish, can be satisfactorily traced up to the time of Doomsday Survey. At that time it was held under Robert Earl of Moreton by Ricardus, whose son William Fitz Richard, left a daughter and sole heiress, who was married to Reginald Earl of Cornwall, natural son of Henry I." [2]

"It appears from Dugdale's Monasticon, that the church of Egloshayle [in Cornwall] was given by William Earl of Gloucester to the priory of St. James in Bristol, which gift was confirmed by Edward II." [2]

Important Dates for the Erligh family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Erligh research. Another 325 words (23 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1120, 1160, 1616, 1653, 1662, 1859, 1812, 1812, 1590, 1667, 1586, 1665, 1614, 1648, 1615, 1615, 1678, 1758, 1601, 1665, 1650 and 1720 are included under the topic Early Erligh History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Erligh Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Erligh include Earl, Earle, Earll, Earlls, Erle, Irle, Urles, Urle, Erl, Earls, Earles, Earlie, Earlee, Erlegh, Erligh, Erleigh, Earleigh and many more.

Early Notables of the Erligh family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Nicholas Earl of Allerton Tower; Erasmus Earle (1590-1667), an English lawyer and politician, Sergeant-at-law to Oliver Cromwell; Sir Walter Erle or Earle (1586-1665), an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1614 and 1648, an strong opponent of King Charles I in the Parliamentary cause both before and during the English Civil War...
Another 63 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Erligh Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Erligh family to Ireland

Some of the Erligh family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 44 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Erligh family

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Erligh or a variant listed above: Ralph Earle who settled in Rhode Island in 1638; and took part in Church's Indian wars, and Robert Earl who came in the "Hercules" in 1643 to Massachusetts.

Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
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