English History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the name English begins in the days of the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It was a name for a Englishman, so nicknamed for a person from England. The name English comes from the Old English word "Englisc," originally used to describe the Angles as distinct from the Saxons. One document in referrring to a raid in 1541, mentions the attacking party were 'to the number of fifty-two Inglimen. The name was probably used to refer to "Non Welsh" in the border counties in that region, "Non-Celtic Scot" in the Scottish- England borderlands, and "Non-Dane" in the Danelaw regions.

Another source notes the name is "borne by numerous Norman families. Adam, Alexander, Alvered, Asceline, Bernard, Henry, Elias, Gaufrid, and twenty more, bore, 1180-95, the name of Anglicus in Normandy (Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae). Twenty-four of the name of Anglicus are mentioned in 1198 The families of English or Inglis are all Norman. 'England’ is another form of Anglicus." [1]

And finally we must include the following: " ‘English’, originally referring to Angles as distinct from Saxons, a meaning not to be considered for the surname. Inglis is a Scottish form denoting an Englishman as opposed to the Scottish borderer or the Celtic Scot, whilst the northern English probably referred to an Englishman living among Strathclyde Welsh. But the name was not confined to this district. In the Welsh border counties the name would be given to an Englishman in a preponderatingly Welsh community. For some generations after the Conquest an official distinction was made between Angli and Franci, the native, defeated English and the conquering Normans, and this may account for the name in Essex, Kent and Sussex, where it was probably at first derogatory. At the end of the 13th century l’Englois is found as a surname in Paris and this, given by Frenchmen in France, may well have been retained when the emigrant returned home. " [2]

Early Origins of the English family

The surname English was first found in Herefordshire where Gillebertus Anglicus was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1171. [2] William le Englich was listed in Somerset, 1 Edward III (during the first year of the reign of King Edward III.) [3]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Walter Ingeleys, Oxfordshire and Roger Ingleys was listed in the Writs of Parliament c. 1300. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Johannes Inglays as holding lands there at that time. [4]

Further to the south in the parish of Whitstone, Cornwall, "the manor of Wadfast belonged to a family named L'Engleis, or English, so early as the reign of Edward III. " [5]

Early History of the English family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our English research. Another 202 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1171, 1205, 1208, 1269, 1153, 1153, 1296, 1296, 1478, 1564, 1311, 1630, 1686, 1689, 1687, 1734, 1816, 1693 and are included under the topic Early English History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

English Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like English are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name English include: Inglis, Inglish, Inglys, English, Englys and others.

Early Notables of the English family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Archibald Inglis (b. circa 1630), an ordained minister, who was Rector of Glasow University from 1686-1689; Sir James Inglis of Cramond, who was created a Baronet in...
Another 33 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early English Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the English family to Ireland

Some of the English family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 74 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States English migration to the United States +

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name English or a variant listed above:

English Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Thomas English, who arrived in Plymouth in 1620 aboard the "Mayflower"
  • Thomas English, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1620 [6]
  • Annie English, who landed in Virginia in 1622 [6]
  • Richard English, who arrived in Virginia in 1622 [6]
  • John and Richard English, who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
English Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • William English, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 [6]
  • Charles English, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [6]
  • Margery English, who landed in Virginia in 1713 [6]
  • Theodosia English, who landed in Virginia in 1714 [6]
English Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Isabella English, aged 32, who landed in New York, NY in 1803 [6]
  • Alexander English, who arrived in South Carolina in 1803 [6]
  • Richard F English, who arrived in Maryland in 1807 [6]
  • Edward English, aged 28, who arrived in New York in 1812 [6]
  • Mr. English, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1822 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada English migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

English Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John English, who settled in St. John's, Newfoundland, in 1757 [7]
  • Samuel English, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1757
  • Mr. Andrew English U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [8]
English Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Jeremiah English, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1811
  • Mary English, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1833
  • Thomas English, aged 30, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Trafalgar" from Galway, Ireland
  • Elizabeth English, aged 30, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Trafalgar" from Galway, Ireland
  • James English, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1837
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia English migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

English Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William English, English convict who was convicted in Newcastle upon Tyne (Newcastle), Tyne and Wear, Northumberland, England for life, transported aboard the "Barossa" on 27th August 1841, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [9]
  • Edward English, aged 39, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "British Empire" [10]
  • William English, aged 48, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "British Empire" [10]
  • Richard English, aged 25, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "British Empire" [10]
  • Alicia English, aged 23, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "British Empire" [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand English migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

English Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Joseph English, British settler, as the 2nd Detachment of New Zealand Corps of Royal New Zealand Fencibles travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Minerva" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 8th October 1847 [11]
  • Mr. William English, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Slains Castle" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 1st December 1852 [12]
  • J. English, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mermaid" in 1859
  • Mr. J. English, British settler travelling from Liverpool aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th October 1859 [11]
  • Miss Sarah English, (b. 1864), aged Infant, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Glenmark" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st January 1865 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name English (post 1700) +

  • Kim English (1970-2019), American electronica, soul, gospel, and house music singer, from Chicago, Illinois
  • Joe English (b. 1949), American musician, former drummer for Paul McCartney's band Wings
  • CariDee English (b. 1985), American fashion model
  • Brigadier-General Paul Xavier English (1888-1964), American Assistant Chief of Staff 7th Service Command (1944-1946) [13]
  • James Edward English (1812-1890), American statesman, Governor of Connecticut and US Senator
  • William Hayden English (1822-1896), American Democratic politician, Representative from Indiana (1853-1861)
  • Thomas Dunn English (1819-1902), American physician
  • Sir John Hawker English (1788-1840), English physician who entered the employment of the king of Sweden as surgeon, and became surgeon-in-chief to the Swedish army
  • John Cogal "Jack" English (1886-1953), English footballer and manager from Hebburn, County Durham
  • William English (d. 1778), Irish poet, a native of Newcastle, co. Limerick
  • ... (Another 13 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

RMS Lusitania


Suggested Readings for the name English +

  • 648 English Family History by Nadine English Watson, English-Robertson Families in America by Arthur Leslie Keith.

  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  8. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barossa
  10. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITISH EMPIRE 1850. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850BritishEmpire.htm
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, February 29) Paul English. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/English/Paul_Xavier/USA.html
  14. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 10) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/


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