Davis History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Welsh Davis surname is a patronymic, meaning "son of David." Ultimately derived from the Hebrew name "David," meaning "beloved," the name became a popular given name throughout Medieval Europe due to the biblical King David of Israel. The popularity of the name was further increased in Britain due to it being the name of the Patron Saint of Wales. Little is known about Saint David, but he is thought to have been a 6th century monk and bishop. The name came to be used as a patronymic name by the Brythonic people of Wales. One of the most famous bearers of this personal name in Wales was David ap Gruffydd, the last Prince of North Wales, who was executed in 1276 by King Edward I of England.

Early Origins of the Davis family

The surname Davis was first found in Flintshire (Welsh: Sir y Fflint), a historic county, created after the defeat of the Welsh Kingdom of Gwynedd in 1284, and located in north-east Wales, where the distinguished Davis family held a family seat from very ancient times.

They were descended from Cynrig Efell, Lord of Eglwysegle, the twin son of Madog ab Maredadd, the great grandson of Bleddyn ap Cynvin, Prince of Powys, head of the honorable and worthy third Royal Tribe of Wales, who was traitorously murdered in 1073 by the men of Ystrad Tywi, after he had governed all of Wales for 13 years.

Directly descended from this line was John ap Davydd (John Davies of Gwasanau in the county of Flint).

Early History of the Davis family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Davis research. Another 65 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1550, 1605, 1605, 1675, 1667, 1675, 1680, 1688, 1680, 1625, 1693, 1692, 1715, 1667, 1739, 1690, 1719, 1718, 1719, 1600, 1672, 1633, 1687, 1646, 1689, 1670, 1716, 1667, 1739 and are included under the topic Early Davis History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Davis Spelling Variations

The Welsh have an extremely large amount of spelling variations of their native surnames to their credit. It was up to the priest or the scribe taking the official records to determine how the spoken name was to be made literal. As time progressed, the old Brythonic names of Wales were recorded in English, which was especially problematic since the English language had extreme difficulty recording the highly inflected sounds of Cymraeg. Spelling variations were, however, also carried out according to an individual's design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations could be indicated by spelling variations of one's name. The spelling variations of the name Davis have included Davies, Davis, Divis and others.

Early Notables of the Davis family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was John Davis (1550-1605), an English navigator who discovered the Falkland Islands and what is now known as the Davis Strait; Francis Davies (1605-1675), a Welsh clergyman, Bishop of Llandaff (1667 to 1675); Edward Davis or Davies (fl. c. 1680-1688) was an English buccaneer active in the Caribbean during the 1680's; John Davies (1625-1693), a Welsh translator and writer; Joseph Davis, (fl. 1692-1715), a Welsh captain in the Hudson's Bay Company who was dismissed...
Another 83 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Davis Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Davis World Ranking

In the United States, the name Davis is the 6th most popular surname with an estimated 1,193,760 people with that name. [1] However, in Canada, the name Davis is ranked the 58th most popular surname with an estimated 35,809 people with that name. [2] And in Quebec, Canada, the name Davis is the 863rd popular surname. [3] Newfoundland, Canada ranks Davis as 60th with 429 people. [4] Australia ranks Davis as 23rd with 51,740 people. [5] New Zealand ranks Davis as 21st with 6,052 people. [6] The United Kingdom ranks Davis as 52nd with 78,574 people. [7] South Africa ranks Davis as 723rd with 9,461 people. [8]

Ireland Migration of the Davis family to Ireland

Some of the Davis family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 200 words (14 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Davis migration to the United States +

During the latter half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, the people of Wales journeyed to North America to find a new life. They made major contributions to the arts, industry and commerce of both Canada and the United States, and added a rich cultural heritage to their newly adopted societies. A look at the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Davis:

Davis Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Dolor Davis, who arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1634 [9]
  • Dolor Davis, who landed in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1634 [9]
  • Isbell Davis, aged 22, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [9]
  • Dorothy Davis, who arrived in Virginia in 1636 [9]
  • Christopher Davis, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1636 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Davis Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Faith Davis, who landed in Virginia in 1700 [9]
  • Henry Davis, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1701-1703 [9]
  • Hen Davis, who landed in Virginia in 1701 [9]
  • Edward Davis, who landed in North Carolina in 1701 [9]
  • Edward Davis, who arrived in North Carolina in 1701 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Davis Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Hugh Davis, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1802 [9]
  • William Davis, William Davis, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1803-1827 [9]
  • Hugh Davis, who arrived in New York, NY in 1804 [9]
  • William Davis, who landed in America in 1805 [9]
  • James Davis, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1806 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Davis Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. John T. Davis, (b. 1899), aged 4, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Philadelphia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 10th October 1903 en route to Norway, Michigan, USA [10]
  • Mrs. Mary E. Davis, (b. 1876), aged 27, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Philadelphia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 10th October 1903 en route to Norway, Michigan, USA [10]
  • Mr. Stephen Davis, (b. 1875), aged 28, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "Teutonic" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 9th April 1903 en route to Norway, Michigan, USA [10]
  • Mr. Nicholas Davis, (b. 1873), aged 32, Cornish carpenter travelling aboard the ship "St Louis" arriving at Ellis Island, New York in 1905 en route to Brooklyn, New York, USA [10]
  • Mr. Samuel Davis, (b. 1874), aged 31, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "Lucania" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 8th July 1905 en route to Bourne, Oregon, USA [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Davis migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Davis Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Charles Davis, who arrived in Newfoundland in 1713 [11]
  • Folk Davis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Greenway Davis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • James Davis, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • John Davis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Davis Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Walter R Davis, who landed in Canada in 1831
  • Martha Davis, aged 20, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Madawaska" in 1833
  • John Davis, aged 20, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Edward Reid" in 1833
  • James Davis, who landed in Canada in 1833
  • Andrew Davis, aged 24, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Highlander" in 1834
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Davis Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Mrs. Davis, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907
  • J B Davis, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Australia Davis migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Davis Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Davis, (b. 1770), aged 30, British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [12]
  • Mr. John Davis, British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [12]
  • Mr. John Davis, British Convict who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [12]
  • Miss Maria Davis, (b. 1774), aged 26, British Convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [12]
  • Mr. James Davis, British convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, the settlement was listed as abandoned and most of the convicts transported to Tasmania on the "Queen" in 1804 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Davis migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Davis Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Charles O Davis, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1831
  • Mr. David Davis, Cornish settler travelling from Launceston, UK aboard the ship "Brazil Packet" arriving in Hokianga, North Island, New Zealand in 1836 [14]
  • T Davis, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1837
  • James Davis, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • James Davis, who landed in Otakou, Otago, New Zealand in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Davis Settlers in New Zealand in the 20th Century
  • Arthur Davis, aged 29, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "S. S. Waimana" in 1926

West Indies Davis migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [15]
Davis Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Edward Davis, who landed in Barbados in 1671 [9]
  • Henery Davis, aged 18, who arrived in Barbados in 1682 [9]
Davis Settlers in West Indies in the 18th Century
  • Anthony Davis, who arrived in Jamaica in 1757 [9]

Contemporary Notables of the name Davis (post 1700) +

  • David Brion Davis (1927-2018), American authority on slavery and abolition in the Western world and is the Sterling Professor of History Emeritus at Yale University, he was awarded the 1967 Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction
  • Herman Thomas "Tommy" Davis Jr. (1939-2022), American Major League Baseball left fielder and third baseman from 1959 to 1976 for ten different teams
  • Betty Davis (1945-2022), née Mabry, an American funk and soul singer from Durham, North Carolina, second wife of Miles Davis
  • Bruce Edward Davis (1956-2022), American professional football player who was an offensive tackle in the National Football League (NFL) for 11 seasons with the Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders and the Houston Oilers (1979-1989)
  • Stephen H. Davis (1939-2021), American applied mathematician working in the fields of Fluid Mechanics and Materials Science
  • Ralph E. Davis Jr. (1938-2021), American professional basketball player who played two seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA)
  • John Davis (1954-2021), American backup singer for Milli Vanilli and The Real Milli Vanilli
  • Michael Leonard "Mike" Davis (1956-2021), American professional football player who was a safety in the National Football League
  • Bill C. Davis (1952-2021), American playwright and actor, best known for his 1980 play Mass Appeal
  • Peter Graffam Davis (1936-2021), American opera and classical music critic who wrote for the magazine New York for 25 years and later for The New York Times, Musical America, and Opera News
  • ... (Another 69 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. James A Davis (b. 1956), American Sergeant from Knoxville, Tennessee, USA who died in the crash [16]
  • Mr. Thomas E Davis (b. 1957), American Staff Sergeant from Woodbury, New Jersey, USA who died in the crash [16]
  • Mr. Jimmy Dean Davis (b. 1962), American Specialist 4th Class from Aliceville, Alabama, USA who died in the crash [16]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. John Davis, British Fireman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Peter Davis, British Fireman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [17]
Flight 191
  • Mrs. Pat Davis, American passenger from Ashville, North Carolina, USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash [18]
  • Mrs. Mary Davis, American passenger from Chicago, Illinois, USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash [18]
Fraterville mine
  • Mr. Thomas Davis, American coal miner at Fraterville mine in Tennessee, on the 19th May 1902 when an explosion collapsed the mine; he died [19]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Helena Mary  Davis (1877-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [20]
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Ellen  Davis (1888-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [20]
  • Mr. Charles W.  Davis (1903-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [20]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Stanley Roy Davis (1918-1941), Australian Leading Seaman from Hobart, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [21]
  • Mr. Thomas Edgar Davis (1919-1941), Australian Lieutenant from Geralton, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [21]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • Ilted Charles John Davis (d. 1945), British Engine Room Artificer 4th Class aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [22]
  • Harold Victor Davis (d. 1945), British Stoker 1st Class aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [22]
  • Arthur Edward Miles Davis (d. 1945), British Engine Room Artificer 4th Class aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [22]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Percy J Davis (b. 1915), English Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. Herbert A Davis (b. 1902), English Marine serving for the Royal Marine from Alverstoke, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. Gordon E Davis (b. 1918), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Leicester, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [23]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Thomas A G Davis, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [24]
  • Mr. Sidney John Davis, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, was listed as missing and presumed killed during the evacuation of Singapore 1942 [24]
  • Mr. P F Davis, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [24]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Charles Davis, British Leading Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [25]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Robert Edgar Davis (1920-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [26]
  • Joseph Frank Davis (d. 1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [26]
  • E. Davis, British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [26]
Monongah Mine
  • Mr. G. L. Davis (b. 1867), Slavic coal miner who was in mine 6 at the Monongah mine on 6th December 1907 when it exploded and collapsed; he died [27]
  • Mr. Frank Davis (b. 1869), American Polish coal miner who was in mine 6 at the Monongah mine on 6th December 1907 when it exploded and collapsed; he died [27]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Shannon Davis (1969-1988), American Student from Shelton, Connecticut, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [28]
Prince of Wales colliery
  • Mr. Daniel Davis (b. 1854), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [29]
  • Mr. David Davis (b. 1857), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [29]
  • Mr. William Davis (b. 1830), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [29]
  • Mr. William Davis (b. 1860), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [29]
  • Mr. James Davis (b. 1849), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [29]
  • ... (Another 7 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Lusitania
  • Mrs. Anna Davis, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [30]
  • Miss Emily Davis, Canadian 1st Class Passenger, Maid to the Allen family from Montréal, Quebec, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [31]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Stephen James Davis (1873-1912), aged 39, English Able Seaman from Landport, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [32]
  • Miss Mary Davis, aged 28, English Second Class passenger from London, England who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on life boat 13 [32]
SS Alcoa Puritan
  • W.S. Davis, American from Ridgeland, South Carolina, who was travelling aboard the SS Alcoa Puritan having been rescued from a prior torpedoed ship, when the SS Alcoa Purtian was torpedoed by U-boat U-507; he survived the sinking [33]
SS Newfoundland
  • Mr. Charles Davis (1886-1914), Newfoundlander from St. John's, who on the 30th March 1914 he was part of the Seal Crew of the "SS Newfoundland" leaving the ship to intercept the Stephano which took him to the hunting grounds, he disembarked to begin sealing, but was caught in a thickening storm, attempting to return to the Newfoundland he and the 132 crew made camp for two days the sealers were stranded on the ice in a blizzard attempting to return to the ship, he died during this time
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Elvin C. Davis, American Seaman First Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Carl E. Davis, American Gunner's Mate Third Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Myrle Clarence Davis, American Fireman Third Class from Iowa, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Thomas Ray Davis, American Shipfitter First Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Virgil Denton Davis, American Private from Missouri, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [34]
  • ... (Another 4 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Winter Quarters coal mine
  • Mr. Daniel Davis (b. 1842), Welsh mine worker from Carmarthanshire, Wales residing in Scofield, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [35]
  • Mr. David Davis (b. 1850), Welsh mine worker from Glamorganshire, Wales residing in Scofield, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [35]
  • Mr. David John Davis (b. 1885), American mine worker from Rock Springs, Wyoming who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [35]
  • Mr. George Owen Davis (b. 1881), American mine worker from Lehi, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [35]
  • Mr. John Owen Davis (b. 1878), American mine worker from Lehi, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [35]
  • ... (Another 7 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


The Davis Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Heb Dhuw heb ddym, Dhuw a digon
Motto Translation: Without God without anything, God is enough.


Suggested Readings for the name Davis +

  • From the Rhondda Valley to the Clinch River Valley and Beyond: A Genealogy of the Descendants of John Davies (also Daivis) by Billie Ruth McNamara.
  • Amos Williams Davis: Family History, Including His Ancestors and Descendants by Eunice Freese Payne.

  1. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  2. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  3. ^ https://statistique.quebec.ca/fr/document/noms-de-famille-au-quebec/tableau/les-1-000-premiers-noms-de-famille-selon-le-rang-quebec
  4. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  5. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  6. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  7. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  8. ^ https://forebears.io/south-africa/surnames
  9. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  10. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  11. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  12. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  13. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/calcutta
  14. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  15. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  16. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  17. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  18. ^ Flight 191's Victims - latimes. (Retrieved 2014, April 16) . Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/1985-08-04/news/mn-4349_1_fort-lauderdale-area
  19. ^ News paper article Fraterville Mine Disaster retrieved on 6th August 2021. (Retrieved from http://www.tn.gov/tsla/exhibits/disasters/fraterville.htm).
  20. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  21. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  22. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  23. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  24. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  25. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  26. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  27. ^ Monongah Mining Disaster retrieved on 8th August 2021. (Retrieved fromhttps://usminedisasters.miningquiz.com/saxsewell/monongah.htm).
  28. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  29. ^ Entombed in flood and flame (retrieved 3rd August 2021). Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20120603025705/http://www.crosskeys.me.uk/history/prince.htm
  30. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  31. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  32. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  33. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Alcoa_Puritan_(1941) - (Retrieved 2018, February 8th)
  34. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
  35. ^ Miners killed in Winter Quarters (retrieved 28th July 2021). Retrieved from http://www.carbon-utgenweb.com/miners.html


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