Davies History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Welsh Davies surname is a patronymic, meaning "son of David." Ultimately derived from the Hebrew name "David," meaning "beloved," the name became a popular given name throughout Medieval Europe due to the biblical King David of Israel. The popularity of the name was further increased in Britain due to it being the name of the Patron Saint of Wales. Little is known about Saint David, but he is thought to have been a 6th century monk and bishop. The name came to be used as a patronymic name by the Brythonic people of Wales. One of the most famous bearers of this personal name in Wales was David ap Gruffydd, the last Prince of North Wales, who was executed in 1276 by King Edward I of England.

Early Origins of the Davies family

The surname Davies was first found in Flintshire (Welsh: Sir y Fflint), a historic county, created after the defeat of the Welsh Kingdom of Gwynedd in 1284, and located in north-east Wales, where the distinguished Davies family held a family seat from very ancient times.

They were descended from Cynrig Efell, Lord of Eglwysegle, the twin son of Madog ab Maredadd, the great grandson of Bleddyn ap Cynvin, Prince of Powys, head of the honorable and worthy third Royal Tribe of Wales, who was traitorously murdered in 1073 by the men of Ystrad Tywi, after he had governed all of Wales for 13 years.

Directly descended from this line was John ap Davydd (John Davies of Gwasanau in the county of Flint).

Early History of the Davies family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Davies research. Another 65 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1550, 1605, 1605, 1675, 1667, 1675, 1680, 1688, 1680, 1625, 1693, 1692, 1715, 1667, 1739, 1690, 1719, 1718, 1719, 1600, 1672, 1633, 1687, 1646, 1689, 1670, 1716, 1667, 1739 and are included under the topic Early Davies History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Davies Spelling Variations

Although there are not an extremely large number Welsh surnames, there are an inordinately large number of spelling variations of those surnames. This variety of spellings began almost immediately after the acceptance of surnames within Welsh society. As time progressed, these old Brythonic names were eventually were recorded in English. This process was problematic in that many of the highly inflected sounds of the native language of Wales could not be properly captured in English. Some families, however, did decide to modify their own names to indicate a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even a patriotic affiliation. The name Davies has seen various spelling variations: Davies, Davis, Divis and others.

Early Notables of the Davies family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was John Davis (1550-1605), an English navigator who discovered the Falkland Islands and what is now known as the Davis Strait; Francis Davies (1605-1675), a Welsh clergyman, Bishop of Llandaff (1667 to 1675); Edward Davis or Davies ( fl. c. 1680-1688) was an English buccaneer active in the Caribbean during the 1680's; John Davies (1625-1693), a Welsh translator and writer; Joseph Davis, (fl. 1692-1715), a Welsh captain in the Hudson's Bay Company who was dismissed...
Another 83 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Davies Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Davies World Ranking

In the United States, the name Davies is the 1,092nd most popular surname with an estimated 27,357 people with that name. [1] However, in Canada, the name Davies is ranked the 199th most popular surname with an estimated 18,943 people with that name. [2] And in Australia, the name Davies is the 58th popular surname with an estimated 36,804 people with that name. [3] New Zealand ranks Davies as 55th with 5,186 people. [4] The United Kingdom ranks Davies as 5th with 226,933 people. [5] South Africa ranks Davies as 913rd with 7,634 people. [6]

Ireland Migration of the Davies family to Ireland

Some of the Davies family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 200 words (14 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Davies migration to the United States +

The Welsh migration to North America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries contributed greatly to its rapid development. These migrants were in search of land, work, and freedom. Those Welsh families that survived the long ocean journey were critical to the development of new industries and factories, and to the quick settlement of land. They also added to an ever-growing rich cultural heritage. A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Davies:

Davies Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edward Davies, who arrived in Virginia in 1622 [7]
  • Samuel Davies, who landed in Virginia in 1622 [7]
  • Walter Davies, who arrived in Virginia in 1622 [7]
  • Samuell Davies, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 [7]
  • Nicholas Davies, who landed in Virginia in 1623 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Davies Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • William Davies, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [7]
  • Mary Davies, who landed in Virginia in 1719 [7]
  • Thomas Davies, who landed in New England in 1761 [7]
  • Henry Davies, who landed in America in 1764 [7]
  • David Davies, who landed in Mississippi in 1799 [7]
Davies Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Rowland Davies, who landed in New York in 1821 [7]
  • John Mayer Davies, who arrived in New York in 1822 [7]
  • Robert Davies, who landed in Indiana in 1831 [7]
  • Gwenelly Davies, aged 24, who arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1838 [7]
  • Mr. W. Davies, (b. 1808), aged 33, Cornish settler departing from Falmouth aboard the ship "Cornwall" arriving in the United States on 3 June 1841 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Davies Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. John Davies, (b. 1869), aged 33, Cornish farmer travelling aboard the ship "St Paul" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 19th April 1902 en route to Butte, Montana, USA [9]
  • Mr. John Davies, (b. 1879), aged 25, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "Philadelphia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 3rd September 1904 en route to Butte, Montana, USA [9]
  • Mr. James Davies, (b. 1885), aged 19, Cornish blacksmith travelling aboard the ship "Philadelphia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 11th June 1904 en route to Morenci, Arizona, USA [9]
  • Mr. Richard Davies, (b. 1884), aged 21, Cornish joiner travelling aboard the ship "Philadelphia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 18th June 1905 en route to Braddock, Pennsylvania, USA [9]
  • Mr. Alfred James Davies, (b. 1876), aged 29, Cornish stone cutter travelling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 9th May 1905 en route to Boston, Massachusetts, USA [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Davies migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Davies Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Bejamin Davies U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [10]
  • Mr. Peter Davies U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1784 [10]
  • Mr. Walter Davies U.E., "Davis" (b. 1747) born in Herefordshire, England from Litchfield, Connecticut, USA who settled in South Crosby Township, Leeds County, Upper Canada, Ontario c. 1784 land petitions started in 1797 he served as part of the Queen's American Rangers [10]
  • Mr. William Davies U.E. who settled in Elizabeth Town [Elizabethtown], Leeds County, Ontario c. 1784 [10]
Davies Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Ann Davies, who settled in Nova Scotia in 1818
  • John Davies, aged 37, a carpenter, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Branches" from London, England
  • Thomas Davies, aged 21, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Perseus" in 1834
  • John Davies, aged 36, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1838 aboard the barque "Pallas" from Cork, Ireland
Davies Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • E E Davies, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907
  • William Davies, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Australia Davies migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Davies Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Davies, British convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, the settlement was listed as abandoned and most of the convicts transported to Tasmania on the "Queen" in 1804 [11]
  • Miss Mary Davies, Welsh convict who was convicted in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales for 7 years, transported aboard the "Experiment" on 4th December 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [12]
  • Miss Mary Davies, English convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Broxbournebury" in January 1814, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [13]
  • Mr. John Davies, Canadian covict who was convicted in Kingston, Ontario, Canada for 14 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 16th January 1816, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [14]
  • Mr. George Davies, English convict who was convicted in Chester, Chestershire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asiatic" on 5th June 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Davies migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Davies Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • J Davies, who landed in Waimate, New Zealand in 1824
  • Richard Davies, who landed in Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand in 1824
  • Henry Davies, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • Robert Davies, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • William Davies, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Davies migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [15]
Davies Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Humfrey Davies, aged 22, who arrived in Barbados or St Christopher in 1634 [7]
  • Mr. Humfrey Davies, (b. 1612), aged 22, British settler travelling from London, UK arriving in St Christopher (St. Kitts) on 5th January 1634 [7]
  • Mr. John Davies, (b. 1609), aged 25, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Hopewell" arriving in Barbados on 17th February 1634 [7]
  • Mr. John Davies, (b. 1617), aged 18, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Anne and Elizabeth" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [16]
  • Mr. John Davies, (b. 1616), aged 19, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Anne and Elizabeth" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [16]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Davies (post 1700) +

  • Samuel Davies (1723-1761), American preacher who led the Great Awakening revival in Virginia
  • Brigadier-General John Hubert Davies (1903-1976), American Deputy Commanding General Alaskan Air Command (1955) [17]
  • Brigadier-General Isaiah Davies (1890-1976), American Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army Air Forces Training Command [18]
  • John Paton Davies Jr. (1908-1999), American diplomat and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Matt Davies (b. 1966), American (English born) editorial cartoonist awarded the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning
  • Clarence E. Davies, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Navy, during World War II, credited with 5 aerial victories
  • D. O. Davies, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1972 [19]
  • Chase M. Davies, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1940 [19]
  • Charles Davies, American politician, Delegate to Whig National Convention from Connecticut, 1839 [19]
  • C. A. Davies, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1924 [19]
  • ... (Another 132 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Ms. June Davies (1932-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Australia aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [20]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. John Davies, British Barman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [21]
  • Mr. John Davies, British Trimmer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [21]
  • Mrs. Eliza Ethel Davies (1889-1914), née Gough Canadian Second Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Thomas William Davies (1888-1914), Canadian Second Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland [22]
  • Mrs. W. J. Davies (1854-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [22]
Halifax Explosion
  • child Davies (1916-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [23]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Sidney John Davies (1914-1941), Australian Electrical Artificer from South Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [24]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Hamilton K Davies (b. 1922), English Midshipman serving for the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve from Mossley Hill, Liverpool, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Ronald T Davies (b. 1921), English Ordinary Signalman serving for the Royal Navy from Kings Norton, Warwickshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Kenneth J Davies (b. 1924), English Boy Bugler serving for the Royal Marine from Cosham, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Horace D Davies (b. 1916), English Lieutenant serving for the Royal Marine from Bristol, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Frederick M Davies (b. 1918), Welsh Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Merthyr, Glamorgan, Wales, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [25]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Thomas Armistice Davies (1915-1942), English Officer Steward from Devon, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, also sailed aboard the HMS Hermes and was lost in 1942 [26]
  • Mr. Roy Malcolm Davies, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, died whilst a Prisoner of War in 1942 [26]
  • Mr. Harold Davies, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [26]
  • Mr. Edward H Davies, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [26]
  • Mr. Donald Edward Davies, British Ordnance Artificer 4th Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [26]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. William Davies, British Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Sydney Davies, British Royal Marine Musician, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Glanville Davies, British Leading Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. W Davies, British Engine Room Artificer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Robert Davies, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [27]
  • ... (Another 4 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Royal Oak
  • Norman T. Davies, British Corporal with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [28]
  • Herbert Ronald Davies (d. 1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [28]
  • Mervyn Clarence Davies (1919-1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [28]
Prince of Wales colliery
  • Mr. W. H. Davies (b. 1863), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [29]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. George F. Davies, Welsh 2nd Class passenger from Wales, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [30]
  • Mr. Charles Davies, English Assistant Pantry Steward from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [31]
  • Mr. John Davies, English Boatswain from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [31]
  • Mr. Fred Davies, English Ship's Printer from Newport, Manchester, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [31]
  • Mr. John Davies, English Trimmer from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [31]
  • ... (Another 3 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Gordon Raleigh Davies (d. 1912), aged 33, English Bedroom Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [32]
  • Mr. John James Davies (d. 1912), aged 27, English Extra 2nd Baker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [32]
  • Mr. Robert J. Davies (d. 1912), aged 26, English Saloon Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [32]
  • Mr. Thomas Davies (d. 1912), aged 33, English Leading Fireman from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [32]
  • Mr. Evan Davies (d. 1912), aged 22, Welsh Third Class passenger from Pontardawe, West Glamorgan who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [32]
  • ... (Another 6 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. Benjamin A. Davies (b. 1888), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. David John Davies (b. 1884), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. David John Davies (b. 1879), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. Ellis Davies (b. 1891), Welsh coal miner from Abertridwr, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. George Davies (b. 1894), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • ... (Another 17 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Winter Quarters coal mine
  • Mr. John Newburn Davies (b. 1882), "Powell", American mine worker from Stark, Ohio who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [33]
  • Mr. William Osborne Davies (b. 1884), "Powell", American mine worker from Stark, Ohio who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [33]


The Davies Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Heb Dhuw heb ddym, Dhuw a digon
Motto Translation: Without God without anything, God is enough.


Suggested Readings for the name Davies +

  • From the Rhondda Valley to the Clinch River Valley and Beyond: A Genealogy of the Descendants of John Davies by Billie Ruth McNamara.

  1. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  2. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  3. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  4. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  5. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  6. ^ https://forebears.io/south-africa/surnames
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to New York 1820 - 1891 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_new_york_1820_1891.pdf
  9. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  10. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/calcutta
  12. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 22nd March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/coromandel-and-experiment
  13. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/broxbournebury
  14. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  15. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  16. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 23rd September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  17. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, January 10) John Davies. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Davies/John_Hubert/USA.html
  18. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, January 10) Isaiah Davies. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Davies/Isaiah/USA.html
  19. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 4) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  20. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  21. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  22. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  23. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  24. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  25. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  26. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  27. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  28. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  29. ^ Entombed in flood and flame (retrieved 3rd August 2021). Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20120603025705/http://www.crosskeys.me.uk/history/prince.htm
  30. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  31. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  32. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  33. ^ Miners killed in Winter Quarters (retrieved 28th July 2021). Retrieved from http://www.carbon-utgenweb.com/miners.html


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