Cummings History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

It is generally believed that this name comes from a Breton personal name, derived from element "cam," meaning "bent," or "crooked;" or perhaps from the herb called "cummin" (cumin). Or the name may have come from the place name Comines, in Flanders, Northern France. [1]

"This ancient family claim descent from the great house of Comines in France. They seem to have come into Britain at the Conquest, though they do not appear eo nomine in Domesday. " [2]

Early Origins of the Cummings family

The surname Cummings was first found in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire in England, in the 12th and 13th centuries. Robert of Comyn (Comines,) a noble who accompanied William the Conqueror in 1066 and was made Earl of Northumberland. [3]

Other early records of the family shown with a myriad of early spellings include: Godwinus filius Cumine in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk in 1173; Eustachius filius Cumini in the Assize Rolls for Lincolnshire in 1219; Petrus filius Kymine in the Subsidy Rolls for Yorkshire in 1301; Hugh Coumini listed in France in 1157; Walter Cumin in the Pipe Rolls for Wales in 1158; John Comin in Lincolnshire in 1175-1179; and William Cumyn in the Pipe Rolls for Hampshire in 1230. [4]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Florentina Comin, Oxfordshire; Peter Comyn, Wiltshire; Stephen Comyng, Essex; and Thomas Comyn, Gloucestershire. [5] Another source notes that Admund le Comyn was listed in Norfolk, 14 Edward II (during the fourteenth year of King Edward III's reign.) [6]

Today Commins is a small hamlet in Denbighshire and Commins Coch is a small village in the county of Powys, Wales.

Saint Comman of Ross-Commain ( fl. 550), was son of Faelchu and "descendant of Fiacha Araidhe, of the family of Rudhraighe, and race of Ir, king of Ulster, A.D. 236." [7]

Early History of the Cummings family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cummings research. Another 487 words (35 lines of text) covering the years 1124, 1153, 1133, 1302, 1296, 1306, 1289, 1667, 1740, 1688, 1751, 1747, 1751 and are included under the topic Early Cummings History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cummings Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Cumin, Cumins, Cumine, Cummin, Cummins, Cummine, Comings, Comins, Commin and many more.

Early Notables of the Cummings family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Alexander Comyn (d. 1289), Earl of Buchan, a Scotish-Norman nobleman, son of William Comyn and Marjory, Countess of Buchan, the heiress of the last native Scottish Mormaer of Buchan, Fergus...
Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cummings Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cummings World Ranking

In the United States, the name Cummings is the 336th most popular surname with an estimated 79,584 people with that name. [8] However, in Canada, the name Cummings is ranked the 828th most popular surname with an estimated 6,486 people with that name. [9] And in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Cummings is the 788th popular surname with an estimated 52 people with that name. [10] Australia ranks Cummings as 868th with 4,565 people. [11] New Zealand ranks Cummings as 964th with 774 people. [12] The United Kingdom ranks Cummings as 614th with 10,709 people. [13]

Ireland Migration of the Cummings family to Ireland

Some of the Cummings family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Cummings migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cummings Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Isaac Cummings, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1630 [14]
  • William Cummings, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1637 [14]
  • Isaac Cummings, who landed in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1642 [14]
  • Samuel Cummings, who arrived in Maryland in 1663 [14]
Cummings Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Archibald Cummings, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1725-1726 [14]
  • Frances Cummings, who arrived in New England in 1733 [14]
  • Archibald Cummings, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1741 [14]
  • Thomas Cummings, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1773 [14]
  • John Cummings, who arrived in New York in 1774
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cummings Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • George Cummings, aged 28, who arrived in New York in 1800 [14]
  • James Cummings, aged 3, who arrived in New Castle, Delaware in 1801 [14]
  • George Cummings, aged 34, who landed in New York in 1802 [14]
  • Robert Cummings, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 [14]
  • John Cummings, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cummings Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Edward Cummings, who landed in Alabama in 1917 [14]

Canada Cummings migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cummings Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Cummings, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Elizabeth Cummings, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1778
  • Mr. Allen Cummings U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [15]
  • Mr. John Cummings U.E. who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783; he is listed with the Loyalists and Disbanded Soldiers whose names appear as Passamaquoddy New Brunswick Loyalists [15]
  • Mrs. Margaret Cummings U.E. who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783s; he is listed with the Loyalists and Disbanded Soldiers whose names appear as Passamaquoddy New Brunswick Loyalists [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cummings Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Bridget Cummings, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1830
  • Henry Cummings, aged 30, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1834
  • Martha Cummings, aged 11, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1834
  • Mr. Bartholomew Cummings, aged 6 months who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Naparina" departing from the port of Dublin, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle in August 1847 [16]
  • Miss. Bridget Cummings, aged 3 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Covenanter" departing 17th June 1847 from Cork, Ireland; the ship arrived on 9th August 1847 but she died on board [17]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Cummings migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cummings Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Samuel Cummings, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [18]
  • Mr. James Cummings, English convict who was convicted in Durham, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Claudine" on 20th May 1821, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [19]
  • Mr. William Cummings, Scottish convict who was convicted in Aberdeen, Scotland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Burrell" on 22nd July 1830, arriving in New South Wales [20]
  • Mr. Daniel Cummings, English convict who was convicted in London, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Eden" on 30th September 1848, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Island) [21]
  • William Cummings, English Convict from Essex, who was transported aboard the "Aboukir" on December 24, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [22]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Cummings migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Cummings Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Eliza Cummings, aged 40, a housekeeper, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ambrosine" in 1860
  • Mr. P. Cummings, Australian settler travelling from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia aboard the ship "Bessie" arriving in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand on 11th May 1861 [23]
  • Miss Maria Cummings, (b. 1839), aged 25, British domestic servant travelling aboard the ship "Amoor" arriving in Lyttleton, South Island, New Zealand on 1st July 1864 [23]
  • James Cummings, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Armstrong" in 1865
  • Mary Cummings, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Armstrong" in 1865
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cummings Settlers in New Zealand in the 20th Century
  • Charles Cummings, aged 20, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "S. S. Waimana" in 1926

Contemporary Notables of the name Cummings (post 1700) +

  • Elijah Eugene Cummings (1951-2019), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Maryland (1996-2019), Chair of the House Oversight Committee (2019)
  • Pat Cummings (1956-2012), American NBA professional basketball player
  • Homer Stillé Cummings (1870-1956), American lawyer, U.S. Attorney General (1933-39)
  • Maria Susanna Cummings (1827-1866), American writer
  • Edward Estlin Cummings (1894-1962), American writer and painter
  • Candy William Arthur Cummings (1848-1924), American baseball pitcher
  • Bruce Frederick Cummings (1889-1917), English zoologist
  • Mrs. Jane Frances Cummings C.B.E., British Chief Nursing Officer for England and Regional Director for London NHS England, was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to Nursing and the NHS by her Majesty The Queen [24]
  • John Scott Cummings (1943-2017), British politician, Member of Parliament for Easington (1987-2010)
  • James Bartholomew "Bart" Cummings AM (1927-2015), one of the most successful Australian racehorse trainers with 12 wins in the Melbourne Cup, known as the "Cups King," inductee into the Australian Racing Hall of Fame
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMAS Sydney II
HMS Repulse
  • Mr.  Thomas Henry Dawson Cummings, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [26]
  • Mr. William R D Cummings, British Leading Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [26]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Harry Cummings (1899-1939), British Ordnance Artificer 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [27]
RMS Lusitania
SS Caribou
  • Mr. Thomas Henry Cummings (b. 1922), Newfoundland passenger who was Royal Air Force from Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador was travelling aboard the railway ferry "SS Caribou" when it was struck by a German submarine torpedo on 14th October 1942, the most significant sinking in Canadian waters at that time, he died in the sinking


Suggested Readings for the name Cummings +

  • Ancestors and Descendants [including the Cummings Family] of James Comins by Lucia B. Comins.
  • The History and Genealogy of the Cummins (also Cummings) Family by Nora B. Cummins.

  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York: Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Rye, Walter, A History of Norfolk. London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, 1885. Print
  7. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  8. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  9. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  10. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  11. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  12. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  13. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  14. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  15. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  16. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 22)
  17. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 71)
  18. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  19. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th February 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/claudine
  20. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 5th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/burrell
  21. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 15th November 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/eden
  22. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 18) Aboukir voyage to Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island. [These convicts appear to have all landed in Van Diemen's Land], Australia in 1851 with 280 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/aboukir/1851
  23. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  24. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  25. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  26. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  27. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  28. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/


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