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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


Cruiks is an ancient Viking-Scottish name for a crooked person. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character. This nickname was originally derived from the Old Norman word crok which meant "hook" or "something crooked."

Cruiks Early Origins



The surname Cruiks was first found in Lancashire (located in northwest England and dates back to 1180), where they held a family seat from early times, before the Norman Conquest in 1066.

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Cruiks Spelling Variations


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Cruiks Spelling Variations



Sound and intuition were the main things that scribes in the Middle Ages relied on when spelling and translating names. Since those factors varied, so did the spelling of the names. Spelling variations of the name Cruiks include Crook, Crooke, Crooks, Cruik, Cruiks, Crok, Cruke, Crukes, Cruikes and many more.

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Cruiks Early History


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Cruiks Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cruiks research. Another 275 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1674 and 1641 are included under the topic Early Cruiks History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cruiks Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Cruiks Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cruiks Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cruiks In Ireland


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Cruiks In Ireland



Some of the Cruiks family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 109 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



In North America, the monarchy was thousands of miles away and Scots were free to settle on their own land and practice their own beliefs. The American War of Independence provided an opportunity for these settlers to pay back the English monarchy and forge a new nation. Recently, this heritage has survived through North American highland games and Clan societies. Early North American immigration and passenger lists have revealed a number of people bearing the name Cruiks or a variant listed above: William Crooke who settled in Virginia in 1635; followed by John in 1660; Anne Crooke settled in Barbados in 1684; John Crook settled in Maryland in 1775.

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Cruiks Family Crest Products


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Cruiks Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    2. Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
    3. Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
    4. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    5. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
    6. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
    7. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    8. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
    9. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    10. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
    11. ...

    The Cruiks Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cruiks Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 6 November 2012 at 10:43.

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