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The roots of the Crook name go back to the ancient Vikings and their Old Norse language. Crook was a name for a crooked person. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character. This nickname was originally derived from the Old Norman word crok which meant "hook" or "something crooked."

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The surname Crook was first found in Lancashire (located in northwest England and dates back to 1180), where they held a family seat from early times, before the Norman Conquest in 1066.

Spelling variations are extremely common among Scottish names dating from this era because the arts of spelling and translation were not yet standardized. Spelling was done by sound, and translation from Gaelic to English was generally quite careless. In different records, Crook has been spelled Crook, Crooke, Crooks, Cruik, Cruiks, Crok, Cruke, Crukes, Cruikes and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crook research. Another 275 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1674 and 1641 are included under the topic Early Crook History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crook Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Crook family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 109 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Those who made the voyage were greeted with ample opportunity to acquire land and a political climate far away from the oppressive monarchy of the old country. They settled along the east coast of what would become Canada and the United States. In the American War of Independence, those who remained loyal to England traveled north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. In this century, many Scots living in North America have begun to recover their rich heritage through festivals, highland games, and Clan societies. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has shown early immigrants bearing the name Crook:

Crook Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Philip Crook, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1683

Crook Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Thomas Crook, who arrived in New England in 1719
  • Andreas Crook, aged 45, landed in Pennsylvania in 1739
  • John Crook settled in Maryland in 1775

Crook Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Mary Crook settled in New York in 1804
  • Mary Crook, who landed in New York in 1804
  • Daniel Crook, aged 24, arrived in Maryland in 1812
  • Henry Crook, aged 42, arrived in Maryland in 1812
  • Robert Crook, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1838
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Crook Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • John Crook, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • John Crook, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1757
  • Sarah Crook, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1757
  • Thomas Crook, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1757
  • Anna Crook, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1757
  • ...

Crook Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Anne Crook, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1830

Crook Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century

  • H Crook, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Crook Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • James Crook, a shoemaker, arrived in Van Diemenís Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Henry Crook arrived in Port Misery aboard the ship "Duchess of Northumberland" in 1839
  • William Crook, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • Phillip Crook, aged 25, a farm servant, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Stag"
  • James Crook arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Stebonheath" in 1850
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Crook Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • T. G. Crook arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Harkaway" in 1858
  • George Crook, aged 31, a labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Berar" in 1873
  • Alice Crook, aged 24, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Berar" in 1873
  • William James Crook, aged 2, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Berar" in 1873
  • Ada Crook arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Berar" in 1873
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  • Lorianne Crook (b. 1957), American radio and television host, producer and writer
  • Howard Crook (b. 1947), American lyric tenor
  • Edward "Eddie" Crook Jr. (1929-2005), American Olympic gold medalist boxer, teammate of Muhammad Ali
  • Catherine Crook de Camp (1907-2000), American science fiction and fantasy author
  • Walter Crook (1912-1988), English footballer and manager
  • Steven Paul Crook (b. 1983), Australian cricketer
  • Reginald Douglas Crook (1901-1989), 1st Baron Crook, British civil servant and United Nations official
  • Paul Mackenzie Crook (b. 1971), British actor and comedian, best known for his playing Ragetti in the Pirates of the Caribbean films
  • Professor Joseph Mordaunt Crook CBE, FBA,, English architectural historian
  • Frances Crook OBE (b. 1952), British politician, Director of the Howard League for Penal Reform
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    2. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    3. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
    4. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
    5. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
    6. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    7. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
    8. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
    9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    10. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
    11. ...

    The Crook Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crook Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 8 May 2016 at 18:44.

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