Chamberlain History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Chamberlain is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Chamberlain is for a person who worked as a chamberlain. A chamberlain was one who was in charge of the private chambers of a noble, and later was a high ranking title having derived from the Anglo-Norman French word, chamberlanc.

Early Origins of the Chamberlain family

The surname Chamberlain was first found in Oxfordshire where they claim descent from John, Count de Tankerville, of Tankerville Castle in Normandy who accompanied Duke William on his Conquest of England only to return after the battle of Hastings to his hereditary estates. He left a son in England who became chamberlain to Henry I., and whose son, Richard assumed the surname of Chamberlain from his office. [1] The principal line of the descendants were the Chamberlaynes of Sherborne in Oxfordshire. The hamlet of Stoney Thorpe in Warwickshire was home to a branch of the family. "The family of Chamberlayne, formerly of Princethorpe, in the county, has been seated here for many centuries; Henry Thomas Chamberlayne, Esq., is the present owner." [2]

Important Dates for the Chamberlain family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chamberlain research. Another 181 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1616, 1703, 1619, 1689, 1560, 1631, 1572, 1626, 1540, 1596, 1576, 1813, 1632, 1715, 1632, 1720, 1667, 1691, 1690, 1625, 1643, 1643, 1635 and 1682 are included under the topic Early Chamberlain History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chamberlain Spelling Variations

Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Chamberlain, Chamberlayne, Chamberlaine, Chamblayn, Chamberlin, Camberlain, Camberlan, Camblayn and many more.

Early Notables of the Chamberlain family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Edward Chamberlayne (1616-1703), an English writer, best known as the author of The Present State of England; William Chamberlayne (1619-1689), an English poet and physician; Pierre (Peter) Chamberlen the Elder (1560-1631), and Peter the Younger (1572-1626), two brothers and sons of Guillaume (William) Chamberlen (c.1540-1596), a Huguenot surgeon who fled from Paris to England in 1576, famous for inventing the modern use of obstetrical forceps, a family secret kept for two centuries - the original forceps were found in 1813 under a trap door in Woodham Mortimer Hall; Nicholas Chamberlaine (1632-1715), English priest...
Another 142 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chamberlain Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Chamberlain family to Ireland

Some of the Chamberlain family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 43 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chamberlain migration to the United States

Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Chamberlain or a variant listed above:

Chamberlain Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Leon Chamberlain, who landed in Virginia in 1637 [3]
  • Henry Chamberlain, who landed in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638 [3]
  • Mrs. Chamberlain who settled in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1638
  • Henry Chamberlain, who settled in Hingham, in 1638
  • Christian Chamberlain who settled in Boston in 1638
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Chamberlain Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mary Chamberlain, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1701-1703 [3]
  • Peter Chamberlain, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1701-1703 [3]
  • Mary, Chamberlain Jr., who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1701-1703 [3]
  • Matthew Chamberlain, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [3]
  • Abel Chamberlain, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740-1741 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Chamberlain Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Benjamin Chamberlain, who arrived in America in 1801-1802 [3]
  • Benjamin Chamberlain who settled in America in 1801
  • Miss Chamberlain, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1822 [3]
  • Mr. Chamberlain, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1822 [3]
  • A Chamberlain, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Chamberlain migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Chamberlain Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Jacob Bailey Chamberlain, "Jacob Bayley" U.E. who settled in Midland District [Frontenac & Lennox and Addington], Ontario c. 1783 [4]
  • Mr. Theophilus Chamberlain U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [4]
Chamberlain Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Wyatt Chamberlain, who arrived in Canada in 1831

Chamberlain migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Chamberlain Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Alfred Chamberlain, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on November 13, 1832, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Henry Chamberlain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Baboo" in 1848 [6]
  • Martha Chamberlain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848 [7]
  • Ellen Mary Chamberlain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848 [7]
  • Eliza Chamberlain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Chamberlain migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Chamberlain Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Chamberlain, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • William Chamberlain, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mr. Chamberlain, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Harrington" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 15th June 1841 [8]
  • W Chamberlain, who landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842
  • John Chamberlain, aged 23, a farmer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Sir Charles Forbes" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Chamberlain (post 1700)

  • Prime Minister Arthur Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940), English politician, Prime Minister of United Kingdom (1937-1940)
  • Wilton Norman "Wilt" Chamberlain (b. 1936), American basketball player who holds numerous NBA records in scoring, rebounding and durability categories, inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1978, chosen as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History of 1996
  • Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940), British statesman of the Conservative Party, Prime Minister from May 1937 to May 1940
  • Daniel R. Chamberlain, American academic, 4th President of Houghton College (1976-2006)
  • Daniel Henry Chamberlain (1835-1907), American planter, lawyer, author and politician, the 76th Governor of South Carolina (1874-1877) Attorney General of South Carolina (1868-1872)
  • Charles Joseph Chamberlain Ph.D. (1863-1943), American botanist, President of the Botanical Society of America
  • Calvin Tibbetts Chamberlain (1795-1878), American politician, Member of the New York State Assembly for Allegany Co. (1836-1837)
  • Ardwight Chamberlain (b. 1957), American voice actor and screen writer
  • Brigadier-General Edwin William Chamberlain (1903-1966), American Attached to G-3 Division, War Department General Staff (1946) [9]
  • Richard Chamberlain (b. 1934), American actor of stage and screen, best known for his work on the television show Dr. Kildare
  • ... (Another 38 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Chamberlain family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Henry S Chamberlain (b. 1916), English Corporal serving for the Royal Marine from Silverton, Essex, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [10]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. George Chamberlain, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Norman Victor Chamberlain, British Canteen Assistant NAAFI, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [12]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Richard Chamberlain, English Night Watchman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [13]

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Citations

  1. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Andromeda voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1832 with 186 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1832
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BABOO 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Baboo.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PRINCESS ROYAL 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848PrincessRoyal.htm
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Edwin Chamberlain. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Chamberlain/Edwin_William/USA.html
  10. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  11. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  12. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  13. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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