Candal History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The name Candal reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Candal family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Candal is based on the Norman name Cundel, and arrived with the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.
The parish of Cundall, comprising the townships of Cundall with Leckby, and Norton-le-Clay, in the wapentake of Hallikeld, and the township of Fawdington in that of Birdforth, North Riding of Yorkshire is home to the family. 
Early Origins of the Candal family
The surname Candal was first found in Yorkshire where they held a family seat in the North Riding as Lords of the Manor of Cundall, originally pre Conquest, Cundel, at the time of the Norman Conquest of England by Duke William of Normandy in 1066. 
In the Domesday Book survey taken in 1086 the village of Cundall was held by Alured from the Count of Mortain. Conjecturally the Cundalls are descended from this Norman noble. 
Early English rolls provide us a glimpse of the spelling variations used through Medieval times. Today we typically need to look beyond the spellings of these entries and concentrate on a phonetic appreciation of the names. Ralph de Cundale was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire in 1176 and later, Richard de Kundale was recorded in the Subsidy Rolls for Yorkshire in 1301.  The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 included an entry for Willelmus de Cundall as holding lands there at that time. 
"The Cundalls, or Cundells, or Cundills, derive their name from a North Riding parish. During the 17th and 18th centuries the Cundalls were well known in Ripon, and frequently filled the office of mayor." 
Early History of the Candal family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Candal research. Another 27 words (2 lines of text) covering the years 1627, 1623, 1757, 1811, 1804, 1808, 1810, 1814 and 1824 are included under the topic Early Candal History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Candal Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Candal are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Candal include Cundall, Cundal, Cundell, Cundel, Cundil, Cundill, Condall, Condal, Condel and many more.
Early Notables of the Candal family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Henry Condell (died 1627), an English actor in the King's Men. With John Heminges, he was instrumental in preparing the First Folio, the collected plays of Shakespeare, published in 1623. 
Another Henry Condell (b. 1757) was a violinist in the orchestras at the Opera House and Drury Lane and Covent Garden Theatres. In...
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Candal Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Candal family to Ireland
Some of the Candal family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 35 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Candal family
Faced with the chaos present in England at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia and Ireland in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Candal, or a variant listed above: John and Elizabeth Cundall who settled in Georgia in 1734 with their three sons, John, Thomas, and William; Edward and Robert Cundell arrived in Maryland in 1737 and the next year moved to Virginia.
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- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print