Butler History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Butler surname came to Ireland with the Anglo- Norman invasion of the 12th century, led by the forces of Strongbow. The surname came from a common occupational name for a wine steward or the chief servant of a medieval household. In royal households, the title denoted a high-ranking officer whose duties as a wine steward were merely nominal. Occupational surnames, such as Butler were much quite common to the Anglo-Norman culture, and virtually unknown in Gaelic Irish. The prefix le, meaning the, in French was often used by the early Strongbownians to link a person's first and name and surname. Eventually these prefixes were dropped or became fused onto the beginning of the surname. The surname Butler is derived from Anglo-French "butuiller," which comes from the Old French word "bouteillier." These words are ultimately derived from the Latin words "buticularius," and "buticula," which mean "bottle." The Gaelic form of the surname Butler is de Buitléir.

Early Origins of the Butler family

The surname Butler was first found in the ancient territory of Ormond (now parts of County Kilkenny, Wexford and north Tipperary). The first on record was Theobald FitzWalter, a distinguished Norman noble who accompanied Strongbow and was created the Chief Butler of Ireland in 1177. "He also possessed the barony of Amounderness, Lancashire, which he held in 1165 by service of one knight." [1]

"Layton, [Lancashire] is mentioned in the Domesday Survey, and in former times was of some importance as containing a mansion belonging to the ancient family of Botiller or Butler, barons of Warrington." [2] His descendents began to use the surname Butler around the year 1220. His direct descendant became Earl of Ormond in 1328 and their stronghold was Kilkenny castle. The family were rivals of the powerful Fitzgeralds and their kin, and the effective government of Ireland was held by one or the other of these two great Norman houses until the death of the Great Duke of Ormond in 1688.

Many members of the family were ardent Jacobites, including the Abbé James Butler of Nantes, who was chaplain to "Bonnie Prince Charlie" during the last Jacobite uprising of 1745. Despite the strong Irish side of the family, the English side remained strong too. Laughton-En-Le-Morthen in the West Riding of Yorkshire was the site of one such family. "Laughton Hall, the ancient seat of the Butler family, is a spacious mansion, commanding extensive views." [2]

Important Dates for the Butler family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Butler research. Another 131 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1250, 1359, 1405, 1382, 1391, 1386, 1384, 1392, 1401, 1388, 1389, 1397, 1390, 1467, 1539, 1496, 1546, 1531, 1614, 1601, 1653, 1650, 1627, 1667, 1652, 1740, 1704 and 1745 are included under the topic Early Butler History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Butler Spelling Variations

A single person's name was often spelt simply as it sounded by medieval scribes and church officials. An investigation into the specific origins the name Butler has revealed that such a practice has resulted in many spelling variations over the years. A few of its variants include: Butler, Buttler, McRichard and others.

Early Notables of the Butler family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family up to this time was James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond (1359-1405), noble in the Peerage of Ireland, title was Governer of Ireland, acceded to the title in 1382 and built Gowran Castle three years later making it his usual residence, purchased Kilkenny Castle (1391) by deed from Sir Hugh le Despencer, Earl of Gloucester and Isabel his wife, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, built the castle of Dunfert (also called Danefort) and in 1386 founded a Friary of minorities at Ailesbury in Buckinghamshire, deputy to Sir Philip deCourtenay the then Lieutenant of Ireland (1384), appointed Lord...
Another 177 words (13 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Butler Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Butler migration to the United States

Ireland went through one of the most devastating periods in its history with the arrival of the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s. Many also lost their lives from typhus, fever and dysentery. And poverty was the general rule as tenant farmers were often evicted because they could not pay the high rents. Emigration to North America gave hundreds of families a chance at a life where work, freedom, and land ownership were all possible. For those who made the long journey, it meant hope and survival. The Irish emigration to British North America and the United States opened up the gates of industry, commerce, education and the arts. Early immigration and passenger lists have shown many Irish people bearing the name Butler:

Butler Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Samuel Butler, who landed in America in 1620 [3]
  • Francis Butler, who arrived in Virginia in 1624-1625 [3]
  • Geo Butler, aged 27, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • Gyles Butler, who landed in America in 1635 [3]
  • Jo Butler, aged 13, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Butler Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Richard Butler, who landed in Virginia in 1701 [3]
  • Alice Butler, who landed in Virginia in 1702 [3]
  • Bridgett Butler, who arrived in Virginia in 1704 [3]
  • Edward Butler, who arrived in Virginia in 1706 [3]
  • Simon Butler, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1710 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Butler Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Anthony Butler, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1803 [3]
  • Daniel Butler, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1806 [3]
  • Eliza Butler, who landed in New York, NY in 1816 [3]
  • Andrew Butler, who arrived in New York, NY in 1816 [3]
  • George Butler, who landed in New York, NY in 1816 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Butler migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Butler Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Edward Butler, who arrived in Halifax Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • John Butler, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Richard Butler, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Edward Butler, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1752
  • Mr. Alfred Butler U.E. who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 member of the Penobscot Association [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Butler Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Alice Elizabeth Butler, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1810
  • Catherine Butler, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1818
  • Elizabeth Alice Butler, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1818
  • Michael Butler, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1824
  • James Butler, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1825
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Butler migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Butler Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Butler, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • William Butler, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • John Butler, a wool-sorter, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • James Butler, English convict from Gloucester, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on October 16, 1826, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]
  • James Butler, English convict from York, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Butler migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Butler Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • J G Butler, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1823
  • Thomas Butler, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1836
  • Mr. B. Butler, Cornish settler travelling from Launceston, UK aboard the ship "Brazil Packet" arriving in New Zealand in 1836 [9]
  • John Gare Butler, aged 57, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Hannah Butler, aged 62, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Butler (post 1700)

  • Robert L. Butler (1927-2019), American politician, Mayor of Marion (1963-2018), the second longest-serving mayor in the United States
  • Henry Butler (1949-2018), American jazz pianist
  • Rasual Butler (1979-2018), American professional NBA basketball player
  • John "Jack" Bradshaw Butler (1927-2013), American NFL football cornerback for the Pittsburgh Steelers, inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame (2012)
  • Pierce Butler (1744-1822), American soldier, planter, and statesman, one of United States' Founding Fathers
  • Major-General William Ormond Butler (1895-1962), American Commanding General 6th Air Force (1944-1945) [10]
  • Brigadier-General Frederic Bates Butler (1896-1987), American Commanding General Granite City Engineer Department (1950) [11]
  • Robert Neil Butler (1927-2007), American physician, gerontologist, and psychiatrist awarded the 1976 Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction
  • Robert Olen Butler Jr. (b. 1945), American author and winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1993
  • Octavia Estelle Butler (1947-2006), American science fiction writer
  • ... (Another 24 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Butler family

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mrs. Rae Jeanne Butler (1936-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Waihi Beach, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [12]
Empress of Ireland
  • Miss Rose Butler, Canadian Second Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Ethel  Butler (1893-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Kenneth Norman Hilton Butler (1920-1941), Australian Supply Assistant from South Perth, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Stanley Wilfred Butler (1917-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Devonport, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [15]
HMS Cornwall
  • Charles James Albert Butler (d. 1942), British Stoker 1st Class aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [16]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • William Henry Blow Butler, British Warrant Officer Gunner aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he survived the sinking [17]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Horace A Butler (b. 1894), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Northampton, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Ivor Butler, British Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Harry Butler, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. John Butler, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Leonard Lincoln Butler, British Bandmaster Corporal, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [19]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Albert Edward Butler (1904-1939), British Stoker 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [20]
  • Albert Edward Butler (1916-1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [20]
  • Albert Alfred Butler (d. 1939), British Stoker 2nd Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [20]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Steven Lee Butler (1953-1988), American Teacher from Denver, Colorado, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [21]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. William M. Butler, American 3rd Class passenger from New York, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [22]
  • Mrs. Margaret Butler, English 2nd Class passenger from Manchester, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [22]
  • Mr. Thomas O'Brien Butler, Irish 2nd Class passenger from Ireland, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Joseph Butler, English Fireman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [23]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Reginald Fenton Butler (d. 1912), aged 25, English Second Class passenger from Southsea, Hampshire who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [24]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. John Dabney Butler, American Fireman First Class from Texas, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [25]

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Citations

  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Adamant voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1821 with 144 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adamant/1821
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Andromeda voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1826 with 147 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1826
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) William Butler. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Butler/William_Ormond/USA.html
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Frederic Butler. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Butler/Frederic_Bates/USA.html
  12. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  13. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  14. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  15. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  16. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  17. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  18. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  19. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  20. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  21. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  22. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  23. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  24. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  25. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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