Burrow History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Burrow is a name whose history on English soil dates back to the wave of migration that followed the Norman Conquest of England of 1066. The Burrow family lived in Hampshire. The name was given to settlements located near a hill, and is from the Old English beorg, which means hill. It is from one of many English settlements so named that this family take their name. 
Early Origins of the Burrow family
The surname Burrow was first found in Hampshire where they were descended from Hubert de Burgh, who became Lord of the Manor of Tichfield in that county.
"Robert de Burgh, Earl of Moreton in Normandy, son of Harlowen de Burgh, by Arlotta, his wife, mother of William the Conqueror, participated with his half-brother in the triumph at Hastings, was created Earl of Cornwall, and received, as a further recompense, grants of seven hundred and ninety-three manors. This potent noble left one son, William Earl of Cornwall, who, rebelling against the first Henry, joined Robert of Normandy, and led the van at the battle of Tenchebray. In this conflict, after displaying great personal valour, he fell into the hands of his opponents and was sent prisoner to England, where he was treated with much cruelty, the king causing his eyes to be put out, and detaining him in captivity for life. " 
The township of Middleton in Lancashire is of particular historical importance to the family. "In the reign of Henry III., Hubert de Burgh, (c. 1170-1243) Earl of Kent, Lord Chief Justice of England, had a grant of the whole of Wyresdale, with remainder to his heirs: he left two sons, from one of whom descended the Burghs or Borroughs, of Gainsborough; and it is probable that William de Burgh, of Middleton, who died about 1323, was descended also from the chief justice." 
Again in Lancashire another early record was found: William de Burgh, rector of the church of St. Elphin, Warrington, Lancashire in 1374. 
John Borough, Burgh or De Burgo (d. 1386), was an English divine, D.D. of Cambridge and rector of Collingham, Nottinghamshire. 
"Borough, in Northam [Devon], made ever famous by Kingsley in its association with his Sir Amyas Leigh, was the seat of a family of the same name, which produced at least two very eminent Devonshire seamen Steven and William Borough. Steven Borough, though little known, is entitled to a very honourable place in the list of Devon worthies. Born in 1525, he was master of the largest vessel, the Edward Bonaventure, in Sir Hugh Willoughby's luckless voyage to the Arctic Seas, planned by Cabot, and which would have been an utter failure had not Borough and his comrade, Richard Chancellor, the pilot-major of the fleet, determined to prosecute their voyage after they had been separated from Willoughby by a storm. In 1556, Borough went again to the Northern Seas in a pinnace, to carry forward the intentions of the original expedition, and to find a way by the north-east to Cathay. He made the most remarkable voyage in the annals of Arctic exploration. The little vessel drew only four feet of water. She had for crew only the brothers Borough and eight others; yet she entered the Kara Sea, and reached a point beyond which no navigator went until our own days English, Dutch, and Russian failing each in turn." 
Early History of the Burrow family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Burrow research. Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1500, 1472, 1440, 1465, 1472, 1525, 1584, 1525, 1579, 1587, 1536, 1599, 1536, 1643, 1600, 1646, 1630, 1677, 1634, 1663, 1691, 1764, 1713, 1650, 1692, 1243, 1259, 1320, 1271, 1641, 1650, 1641, 1642, 1620, 1685, 1673, 1660, 1709, 1703, 1709 and are included under the topic Early Burrow History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Burrow Spelling Variations
A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Burrough, Burgh, Borrows, Burrowes, Burroughs, Burrows, Burroughes and many more.
Early Notables of the Burrow family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Benedict Burgh (fl. 1472), English clerk and translator, Rector of Sandon, Essex, in 1440, Archdeacon of Colchester in 1465, a prebendary of St. Paul's in 1472; Stephen Borough (1525-1584), an English navigator, born on an estate of the some name in the parish of Northam, Devonshire, on 25 Sept. 1525. His son, Christopher Borough (fl. 1579-1587), was the chronicler of one of the most interesting journeys into Persia recorded in the pages of Hakluyt. 
Stephen's younger brother William Borough (1536-1599), was also an English navigator and author, born at Northam, Devonshire, in 1536...
Another 172 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Burrow Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
In the United States, the name Burrow is the 4,233rd most popular surname with an estimated 7,461 people with that name. 
Migration of the Burrow family to Ireland
Some of the Burrow family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 230 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
| Burrow migration to the United States ||+|
Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Burrow or a variant listed above:
Burrow Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Mr. William Burrow, aged 19, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 aboard the ship "Susan and Ellin" 
- Mathew Burrow, who settled in Virginia in 1639
| Burrow migration to Australia ||+|
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Burrow Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- James Burrow, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Lilford" in 1839 
- Mr. John Burrow, (b. 1824), aged 24, Cornish wheelwright from St. Columb, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "General Hewett" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 13th November 1848 
- William Burrow, aged 28, a miner, who arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Henry Moore"
| Burrow migration to New Zealand ||+|
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Burrow Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Thomas Burrow, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1860
- Sarah L. Burrow, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1860
- Mary Ann Burrow, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1860
- Clara Burrow, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1860
- Louisa Burrow, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1860
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
|Contemporary Notables of the name Burrow (post 1700) ||+|
- Joseph Lee "Joe" Burrow (b. 1996), American football quarterback for the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League, winner of the Heisman Trophy and the 2020 College Football Playoff National Championship
- Robert Brantley "Bob" Burrow (1934-2019), American basketball player from Malvern, Arkansas
- James Edward Burrow (b. 1940), American television director
- Abe Burrow (1910-1985), American humorist, author, and director for radio and the stage
- Ken Burrow (b. 1948), former professional American football player
- N. B. Burrow, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Arkansas, 1912 
- Mrs. Minifred Burrow, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Oklahoma, 1972 
- Louise Burrow, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Arkansas, 1928 
- Kenneth O. Burrow, American politician, Mayor of Arkadelphia, Arkansas, 1959 
- Joel Randall Burrow, American Republican politician, Secretary of State of Kansas, 1903-07 
- ... (Another 11 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Animo et fide
Motto Translation: By courage and faith.
|Suggested Readings for the name Burrow ||+|
- Burrow Family History by James Rightman Blanks.
- Burris Ancestors (including the Burrows Family) by Arthur Price Burris.
- Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- 'Townships: Scarisbrick', in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3, ed. William Farrer and J Brownbill (London, 1907), pp. 265-276. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol3/pp265-276 [accessed 21 January 2017].
- Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
- "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/last-names/
- Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's Retrieved January 6th 2023, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm
- State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY LILFORD 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839LadyLilford.htm
- Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
- The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, March 11) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html