The distinguished surname Bruckes emerged among the industrious people of Flanders
, which was an important trading partner and political ally of Britain during the Middle Ages. As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish
and English nations, many Flemish
migrants settled in Britain. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name
. The manner in which hereditary surnames
arose is interesting. Local
surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Flemish
surnames of this type frequently are prefixed by de la
or de le,
which mean of the
or from the.
The Bruckes family originally lived near a bridge. The surname is derived from the Old English word brycg,
which means bridge,
and was sometimes also applied as an occupational
name to a bridge-keeper. The name Bruckes is occasionally derived from residence in Bruges, a town in Flanders.
Early Origins of the Bruckes family
The surname Bruckes was first found in Somerset
where there is evidence of a family of this name from Bruges of Flemish
origin. These Bruges, or Bridges settled mostly in the south west counties of Somerset
and later Hereford. One of the first listings of the name was of Robert atte
Brugge and William atte
Brugge who resided in Gloucester during the reign of King Edward III (1327-until his death.)
A few years later, Giles Bruges (Brydges) had his manor of Archer-Stoke in Gloucestershire seized during the reign of King Edward IV (1461-1470.) CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6) Another branch of the family was found at Horton in the West Riding of Yorkshire.
"At a short distance from the Hall, is the seat of Francis Sharp Bridges, Esq., a descendant from a younger branch of the same family, who were zealous adherents of the royal cause in the civil war, and of whom John Sharp was severely wounded in an engagement with the parliamentarian forces." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Bruckes family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bruckes research.Another 242 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1378, 1427, 1493, 1462, 1511, 1497, 1491, 1557, 1548, 1594, 1578, 1617, 1552, 1602, 1620, 1655, 1642, 1714, 1564, 1639, 1714, 1682, 1683, 1683, 1685, 1702, 1714, 1595, 1564, 1639, 1614, 1621, 1624, 1625, 1626, 1628 and 1646 are included under the topic Early Bruckes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bruckes Spelling Variations
surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations
. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish
settlers in England
, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish
names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Bridge, Bridges, Briddge and others.
Early Notables of the Bruckes family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: Simon de Brugge, High Sheriff
in 1378; Thomas Brugge, de jure 5th Baron
Chandos (1427-1493) an English peer; Giles Brugge of Cubberley, 6th Baron
1462-1511), English soldier, knighted for his actions at the Battle of Blackheath (1497); his son... Another 170 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bruckes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bruckes family to Ireland
Some of the Bruckes family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 82 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bruckes family to the New World and Oceana
The records on immigrants and ships' passengers show a number of people bearing the name Bruckes: Gen. Joseph Bridger settled in Virginia in 1654; John Bridge who settled in Virginia in 1654; Ellery Bridge settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1763; followed by Elizabeth with a child, in Boston in 1766.
The Bruckes Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Je garderay
Motto Translation: I watch over.