Bridge History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The distinguished surname Bridge emerged among the industrious people of Flanders, which was an important trading partner and political ally of Britain during the Middle Ages. As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish and English nations, many Flemish migrants settled in Britain. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Flemish surnames of this type frequently are prefixed by de la or de le, which mean of the or from the. The Bridge family originally lived near a bridge. The surname is derived from the Old English word brycg, which means bridge, and was sometimes also applied as an occupational name to a bridge-keeper. The name Bridge is occasionally derived from residence in Bruges, a town in Flanders.

Early Origins of the Bridge family

The surname Bridge was first found in Somerset where there is evidence of a family of this name from Bruges of Flemish origin. These Bruges, or Bridges settled mostly in the south west counties of Somerset, Gloucestershire and later Hereford. One of the first listings of the name was of Robert atte Brugge and William atte Brugge who resided in Gloucester during the reign of King Edward III (1327-until his death.)

A few years later, Giles Bruges (Brydges) had his manor of Archer-Stoke in Gloucestershire seized during the reign of King Edward IV (1461-1470.) [1] Another branch of the family was found at Horton in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

"At a short distance from the Hall, is the seat of Francis Sharp Bridges, Esq., a descendant from a younger branch of the same family, who were zealous adherents of the royal cause in the civil war, and of whom John Sharp was severely wounded in an engagement with the parliamentarian forces." [2]

Important Dates for the Bridge family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bridge research. Another 121 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1378, 1427, 1493, 1462, 1511, 1497, 1491, 1557, 1548, 1594, 1578, 1617, 1552, 1602, 1620, 1655, 1642, 1714, 1564, 1639, 1714, 1682, 1683, 1683, 1685, 1702, 1714, 1595, 1564, 1639, 1614, 1621, 1624, 1625, 1626, 1628 and 1646 are included under the topic Early Bridge History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bridge Spelling Variations

Flemish surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish settlers in England, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Bridge, Bridges, Briddge and others.

Early Notables of the Bridge family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Simon de Brugge, High Sheriff of Herefordshire in 1378; Thomas Brugge, de jure 5th Baron Chandos (1427-1493) an English peer; Giles Brugge of Cubberley, 6th Baron Chandos (c. 1462-1511), English soldier, knighted for his actions at the Battle of Blackheath (1497); his son, John Brydges, 1st Baron Chandos (1491-1557), an English Member of Parliament and later peer; Giles Brydges, 3rd Baron Chandos of Sudeley (c. 1548-1594), an English courtier; Elizabeth Brydges (1578-1617), Maid of Honour to Elizabeth I; William Brydges, 4th Baron Chandos (c. 1552-1602), an English peer and politician, Lord Lieutenant of...
Another 122 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bridge Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Bridge family to Ireland

Some of the Bridge family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 48 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bridge migration to the United States

Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Bridge or a variant listed above:

Bridge Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Bridge, who arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1632 [3]
  • Jon Bridge, who landed in Virginia in 1637 [3]
  • Matthew Bridge, who landed in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1643 [3]
  • William Bridge, who landed in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1647 [3]
  • Richard Bridge, who arrived in Virginia in 1653 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Bridge Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Charles Bridge, who landed in Virginia in 1717 [3]
  • Ellery Bridge, who settled in Boston in 1763
  • Ellery Bridge, who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1763
  • Elizabeth Bridge with a child, in Boston in 1766
Bridge Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Samuel Bridge, who arrived in America in 1809 [3]
  • Anthony Bridge, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [3]
  • James Bridge, who landed in America in 1811 [3]
  • Christopher Bridge, who settled in Philadelphia in 1840
  • Mr. Bridge, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Bridge Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Gilbert Ridings Bridge, who landed in Alabama in 1920 [3]

Bridge migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Bridge Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. William Bridge U.E. who settled in Prince Edward County, Ontario c. 1783 [4]

Bridge migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Bridge Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Bridge, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • James Bridge, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "America" on April 4, 1829, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Eliza Bridge, aged 29, a cook, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Royal Charlie" [7]
  • John Bridge, aged 36, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Telegraph"

Bridge migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Bridge Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. C. J. Bridge, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Randolph" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand in September 1850 [8]
  • C. Bridge, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ashmore" in 1854
  • James Bridge, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cresswell" in 1856
  • B. Bridge, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mary Shepherd" in 1870
  • Mr. Bridge, American settler travelling from Honolulu aboard the ship "Dakota" arriving in Port Chalmers, South Island, New Zealand on 10th March 1873 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Bridge (post 1700)

  • Richard Bridge (b. 1750), one of the best English organ-builders of the eighteenth century [10]
  • Bewick Bridge (1767-1833), English mathematician, a native of Linton in Cambridgeshire, and received his education at St. Peter's College, Cambridge
  • Lieutenant Commander John Bridge GC, GM & Bar (1915-2006), British bomb disposal expert of the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve during the Second World War, and recipient of the George Cross
  • Wayne Bridge (b. 1980), English footballer
  • Frank Bridge (1879-1941), English composer and conductor
  • Mr. Christopher Bridge M.B.E.,, British former Chairman for Corporation Board at Colchester Institute, was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to Further Education and Skills [11]

Historic Events for the Bridge family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Arthur T Bridge (b. 1916), English Telegraphist serving for the Royal Navy from Kingham, Oxfordshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. William Bridge, English Fireman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [13]

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Citations

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 26) America voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1829 with 176 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/america/1829
  7. ^ South Australian Register Thursday 25th May 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Royal Charlie 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/royalcharlie1854.shtml.
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 5 Feb. 2019
  11. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  12. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  13. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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