Braine History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Braine was carried to England in the enormous movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Braine family lived in Gloucestershire. The family is believed to have been from Brain, near Hainaut in Normandy where they were nobles of the order of St. Empire.

Early Origins of the Braine family

The surname Braine was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. The family name is believed to have been seated in Hainaut in Normandy where they were nobles of the order of St. Empire.

Early History of the Braine family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Braine research. Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Braine History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Braine Spelling Variations

Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Brain, Braine, Brayne, Brane, Brayn and others.

Early Notables of the Braine family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Braine Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Braine migration to the United States +

Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Braine or a variant listed above:

Braine Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Richard Braine, who settled in Virginia in 1653
  • John Braine, who settled in Virginia in 1654
  • John Braine, who arrived in Virginia in 1657 [1]
Braine Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • John Braine, who landed in East New Jersey in 1700 [1]
Braine Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Braine, who landed in America in 1804 [1]
  • Daniel Braine, who landed in America in 1806 [1]
  • John Josiah Braine, who arrived in New York, NY in 1845 [1]

Australia Braine migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Braine Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Samuel Braine who was convicted in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "David Malcolm" on 13th May 1845, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) and Norfolk Island [2]
  • Mr. William Braine, (Brain), English convict who was convicted in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England for 10 years for burglary, transported aboard the "China" on 32nd January 1846, arriving in Norfolk Island, Australia, he died in 1847 [3]

Contemporary Notables of the name Braine (post 1700) +

  • John Gerard Braine (1922-1986), English novelist
  • Richard Braine (1900-1998), British Royal Navy Read-Admiral
  • Sir Bernard Braine, British politician, Member of U.K. Parliament, knighted in 1992

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Edward William Braine, British Bedroom Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [4]
Flight 191
  • R N Braine, American passenger from Los Angeles, California, USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash [5]


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 21st June 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/david-malcolm
  3. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 5th February 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/china)
  4. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  5. ^ Flight 191's Victims - latimes. (Retrieved 2014, April 16) . Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/1985-08-04/news/mn-4349_1_fort-lauderdale-area


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