Bourke History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The surname is one of the Anglo-Norman names that came to Ireland in the 12th century. The surname Bourke is derived from the Old English word "burh," which is derived from the Old German word "burg," the common Germanic word for a fortification. It seems likely that the first family to bear this surname would have lived in or near a prehistoric fort situated on a hill. In the Norman fashion, surnames created from place names or geographic locations were prefixed by "de," which means "from" in French.

Early Origins of the Bourke family

The surname Bourke was first found in County Galway (Irish: Gaillimh) part of the province of Connacht, located on the west coast of the Island, where the family name is descended from the Norman noble William Fitzadelm de Burgo who went to Ireland in the Anglo- Norman invasion of Ireland and was the succeeded Strongbow as Chief Governor.

Great stretches of land were given to this family in the year 1177. Richard Oge de Burc, son of William, became the "Lord Justice of Ireland" under King Henry II in 1177 and was regranted the lands of his father the following year. [1]

Richard Mor de Burc, the older son of William, was the ancestor of the family name Bourke or Burke. They formed several septs, the two most important having been the MacWilliam Uachtar sept of county Galway, and the MacWilliam Lochtar sept of County Mayo.

It should be noted that not all of the family were in Ireland as some were found in Knaresborough, in the West Riding of Yorkshire in ancient times. "At the time of the Domesday Survey it formed part of the royal demesnes, and was given by the Conqueror to Serlo de Burgh, Baron of Tonsburg, in Normandy, who had accompanied that monarch into England, and by whom its stately castle, now a ruin, was originally built, on the rocky heights north of the river Nidd." [2]

Important Dates for the Bourke family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bourke research. Another 140 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1227, 1503, 1544, 1582, 1601, 1572, 1635, 1604, 1657, 1590, 1667, 1629, 1647, 1647, 1667, 1598, 1672, 1666, 1642 and 1722 are included under the topic Early Bourke History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bourke Spelling Variations

Since church officials and medieval scribes spelt each name as it sounded to them; as a result, a single person could accumulate many different versions of his name within official records. A close examination of the origins of the name Bourke revealed the following spelling variations: de Burgh, Burke, Bourke, Burk, Bourk, Gillick and many more.

Early Notables of the Bourke family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family up to this time was Theobald Bourke, 8th Mac William Iochtar and lord of Lower (North) Connacht, died 1503; Ulick Ceann Burke (died 1544), 12th Clanricarde and 1st Earl of Clanricarde; Richard Sassanach Burke, 2nd Earl of Clanricarde (died 1582); Ulick Burke, 3rd Earl of Clanricarde, (died 1601), Irish peer; Richard Burke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde (1572-1635), an Irish nobleman; Ulick Burke, 1st Marquess of Clanricarde (1604-1657), was an...
Another 73 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bourke Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bourke migration to the United States

During the middle of the 19th century, Irish families often experienced extreme poverty and racial discrimination in their own homeland under English rule. Record numbers died of disease and starvation and many others, deciding against such a fate, boarded ships bound for North America. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Unfortunately, many of those Irish that arrived in Canada or the United States still experienced economic and racial discrimination. Although often maligned, these Irish people were essential to the rapid development of these countries because they provided the cheap labor required for the many canals, roads, railways, and other projects required for strong national infrastructures. Eventually the Irish went on to make contributions in the less backbreaking and more intellectual arenas of commerce, education, and the arts. Research early immigration and passenger lists revealed many early immigrants bearing the name Bourke:

Bourke Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edward Bourke, who landed in Maryland in 1678 [3]
Bourke Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Tho Bourke, who arrived in Virginia in 1705 [3]
  • Richard Bourke, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1764 [3]
  • John Bourke, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1766 [3]
Bourke Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Michael Bourke, who landed in New York in 1827 [3]
  • William Bourke, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1828 [3]
  • Michale Bourke, who arrived in New York in 1834 [3]
  • B Bourke, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • Patrick Bourke, who landed in St Clair County, Illinois in 1871 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Bourke migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Bourke Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Bourke, who landed in Canada in 1812
  • Mrs. Mary Bourke, aged 40 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Sir Henry Potinger" departing 29th May 1847 from Cork, Ireland; the ship arrived on 7th August 1847 but she died on board [4]
  • Mr. Michael Bourke, aged 16 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Sir Henry Potinger" departing 29th May 1847 from Cork, Ireland; the ship arrived on 7th August 1847 but he died on board [4]
  • Mr. Patrick Bourke, aged 4 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Colonist" departing 13th July 1847 from New Ross, Ireland; the ship arrived on 29th August 1847 but he died on board [4]
  • Mr. William Bourke, aged 55 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Triton" departing 14th May 1847 from Liverpool, England; the ship arrived on 24th July 1847 but he died on board [4]

Bourke migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Bourke Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Bourke, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846 [5]
  • Patrick Bourke, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846 [5]
  • Alice Bourke, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846 [5]
  • Johanna Bourke, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846 [5]
  • Catherine Bourke, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Bourke migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Bourke Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Bourke, Cornish settler travelling from Launceston aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in New Zealand in 1851 [6]
  • Thomas Bourke, aged 26, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "City of Auckland" in 1872
  • Michael Bourke, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Woodlark" in 1873
  • Miss Ellen Bourke, (b. 1856), aged 17, Irish nurse from Limerick travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Surat" going to Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand in 1873, the ship sunk at the Catlins River all the passengers were transported to Dunedin via various rescure vessels [6]
  • William Bourke, aged 19, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Woodlark" in 1874
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Bourke (post 1700)

  • William G. Bourke, American politician, Representative from New York 5th District, 1892, 1894; Independence League Candidate for Presidential Elector for New York, 1908 [7]
  • Thomas A. Bourke, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Windsor, 1889 [7]
  • May R. Bourke, American Democrat politician, Member of New York Democratic State Committee, 1942 [7]
  • Martin Bourke, American Republican politician, Member of New York State Assembly, 1915, 1917-18, 1920 [7]
  • Joseph P. Bourke, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County 2nd District, 1902-03 [7]
  • James S. Bourke (b. 1843), American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Bilbao, 1916 [7]
  • Rory Michael Bourke (b. 1942), American country music songwriter from Cleveland, Ohio, best known for his song "The Most Beautiful Girl", three-time ASCAP's "Writer of the Year" winner (1975, 1979, 1983) and three-time Grammy Award nominations
  • Richard Southwell Bourke (1822-1872), Earl of Mayo, Irish Viceroy and Governor-General of India, the eldest son of Robert Bourke, fifth Earl of Mayo [8]
  • General Sir Richard Bourke (1777-1855), Irish-born, Governor of the Colony of New South Wales, Australia between 1831 and 1837 [8]
  • Jean Raymond Charles Bourke, French Divisional General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [9]
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Bourke family

RMS Lusitania
  • Mrs. Mabel Juliet Bourke, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [10]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. John Bourke (d. 1912), aged 42, Irish Third Class passenger from Carrowskehine, Mayo who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [11]
  • Mrs. Catherine Bourke (d. 1912), (née McHugh), aged 32, Irish Third Class passenger from Carrowskehine, Mayo who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [11]
  • Miss Mary Bourke (d. 1912), aged 40, Irish Third Class passenger from Carrowskehine, Mayo who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [11]

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Citations

  1. ^ O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigrees 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 65)
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CANTON 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Canton.htm
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  8. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 5 Feb. 2019
  9. ^ Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. (Retrieved 2015, February 11) Jean Bourke. Retrieved from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/c_frenchgenerals.html
  10. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  11. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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