, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Bodley. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Bodley family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames
were adopted in medieval England
is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Bodley is a local
type of surname and the Bodley family lived at Bodley,
the name of which is derived from the Old English personal name Budda,
and the Old English word leigh,
The name indicates that the area once belonged to someone name Budda.
Alternatively the name could have been derived from "the house on the lea; from Bod, a house, and ley." CITATION[CLOSE]
Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
Early Origins of the Bodley family
The surname Bodley was first found in Devon
, at Bodley, a small village, north of Parracombe or at Bodilly, a hamlet in south Cornwall
"This surname is derived from a geographical locality. 'of Budleigh.' Two parishes in the Diocese of Exeter, in which district Bodilly is well known, and whence Sir Thomas Bodley, the founder of the Bodleian Library, sprung. His father was a Bodleigh, 'descended from an ancient family of Bodleigh, or Budleigh, of Dunscombe-by-Crediton" CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Some of the first records of the family include: Hamelin de Bodlei who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Devon in 1196; Roger de Bodele who was listed in the Feet of Fines for Oxfordshire in 1269; and later, Emma Bodely who was listed in the Feet of Fines for Surrey (1457-1458.) CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list John de Bodel in Cambridgeshire and the Placita de Quo Warranto, temp. Edward I-III list William de Bodele in London and Dennis de Buddelegh in Devon.
Early History of the Bodley family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bodley research.Another 95 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1600, 1545, 1613 and 1521 are included under the topic Early Bodley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bodley Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Bodley, Bodlegh, Bodleigh, Bodly, Bodlie, Bodilies and many more.
Early Notables of the Bodley family (pre 1700)
Another 49 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bodley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bodley family to Ireland
Some of the Bodley family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 172 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bodley family to the New World and Oceana
Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Bodley were
Bodley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- John and Samuel Bodley, who settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1766
Bodley Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Frances Bodley, aged 28, who arrived in New York in 1919 aboard the ship "Kaiserin Augusta Victoria" from Brest, France CITATION[CLOSE]
"New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6WT-XZ8 : 6 December 2014), Frances Bodley, 22 Aug 1919; citing departure port Brest, arrival port N.Y., ship name Kaiserin Augusta Victoria, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
- Charles Bodley, aged 56, who arrived in New York in 1921 aboard the ship "Maraval" from Trinidad, British West Indies CITATION[CLOSE]
"New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6JB-52V : 6 December 2014), Charles Bodley, 23 May 1921; citing departure port Trinidad, British West Indies, arrival port New York, ship name Maraval, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
- Horace Bodley, aged 28, originally from London, England, who arrived in New York, NY in 1921 from London, England CITATION[CLOSE]
"New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6KB-WZF : 6 December 2014), Horace Bodley, 01 Feb 1921; citing departure port London, England, arrival port New York, NY, ship name , NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
Contemporary Notables of the name Bodley (post 1700)
- Rachel Littler Bodley (1831-1888), American professor and academic, Dean of the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania (1874–1888)
- Rev. W H Bodley, English Roman Catholic preacher and a professor at St Mary’s College, New Oscott, Birmingham
- George Frederick Bodley (1827-1907), English architect working in the Gothic revival style
- Seóirse Bodley (b. 1933), Irish composer, former associate professor of music at University College Dublin
- Colonel Ronald Victor Courtenay Bodley MC (1892-1970), British Army officer, author and journalist
- Robert Bodley (1878-1956), South African silver medalist rifle shooter at the 1920 Summer Olympics
- John Edward Courtenay Bodley (1853-1925), British civil servant and historian