Avery History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The origins of the name Avery are with the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from the given name Averary. For example, the first recorded instance of the name is Rogerus filius Averary. His name means Rogerus son of Averary. Over time, the name changed until it achieved its modern form.

One distinguished source notes: "This is a name which may claim its origin with nearly equal probability from several distinct sources, which I shall briefly enumerate. I. Aviarim, a keeper of the birds. The Forest Charter (s. 14,) enacts that freemen may have in their woods "avyries of sparhawkes, falcons, eagles, and herons." II. A very, the place where forage for the king's horses was kept; either from the Latin avena, Anglo-Norman haver, oats, or from aver, a northern provincialism for a working horse. III. Alberic, a German personal name, Latinized Albericus, and softened in Norman times to Aubrey. " [1]

Early Origins of the Avery family

The surname Avery was first found in the county of Northumberland where they held a family seat from very ancient times. Rogerus filius Averary resided in the year 1166, and held manors and estates. [2]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had two entries of the family with very early spellings: Hugh filius Auveray, Nottinghamshire; and Ralph Averey, Oxfordshire. [3]

One branch of the family was found in Egginton, Derbyshire from ancient times. "The church [of Egginton], an ancient structure with a nave, chancel, aisles, and a neat low tower, contains several monuments to the Every family, and has some remains of stained glass." [4]

Further down in the parish of Lansallos, Cornwall, another branch of the family was found. "The manor of Tregavithick was purchased of the Avery family in 1751, by the Rev. Joshua Howell, father of the Rev. J. F. Howell, one of the canons residentiary of Exeter, the present proprietor." [5] There is no mention of how long the Avery family held the manor.

Early History of the Avery family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Avery research. Another 111 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1275, 1588, 1526, 1548, 1596, 1766, 1664, 1654, 1643, 1679, 1679, 1620, 1700, 1653, 1696 and 1690 are included under the topic Early Avery History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Avery Spelling Variations

The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Avery has been spelled many different ways, including Avery, Averie, Avary, Every, MacAvera and others.

Early Notables of the Avery family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Sir Richard Avery; Samuel Avery (died 1664) was an English merchant and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1654; John Every (c 1643-1679), an English landowner and politician from Dorset who sat in the House of Commons in 1679; and James Avery (b. 1620-1700), Cornish immigrant to America to become an American colonial landowner, legislator, and a military commander in King Philip's War. Henry Every, also Avery or Avary, (c. 1653-after 1696), sometimes given as John Avery...
Another 87 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Avery Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Avery family to Ireland

Some of the Avery family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Avery migration to the United States +

Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Averys to arrive in North America:

Avery Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Christopher Avery (born England, died 12 March 1670), who settled in America in 1630 aboard the Arbella as part of the Winthrop Fleet
  • Jacob and George Avery who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Christopher Avery, who settled in Gloucester Massachusetts in 1640, moved to Boston, thence to New London, Conn
Avery Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Waightstill Avery (1741-1821), lawyer, Revolutionary War hero, first attorney general of North Carolina, and eponym of Avery County, North Carolina

Canada Avery migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Avery Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Joseph Avery, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Eastern District, Upper Canada c. 1783 [6]
  • Mr. William Avery, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Canada c. 1783 [6]

Australia Avery migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Avery Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Avery, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Robert Avery, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on November 13, 1832, settling in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • John Avery, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Cygnet" in 1836 [9]
  • Thomas Avery, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Cygnet" in 1836 [9]
  • Mr. Samuel Avery, (b. 1817), aged 24, Cornish farm labourer travelling aboard the ship "William Turner" arriving in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on 5th October 1841 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Avery migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Avery Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Avery, aged 37, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Elizabeth Avery, aged 40, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Harriet Avery, aged 18, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • George Avery, aged 16, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Charles Avery, aged 14, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Avery (post 1700) +

  • Ellis Avery (1972-2019), American writer who won two Stonewall Book Awards
  • James Avery (1922-2018), American jeweler, founder of James Avery Jewelry in 1954, now with over 270 locations
  • Brigadier-General Ray Longfellow Avery (1884-1965), American Commanding Officer, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland (1939-1946) [11]
  • Oswald Theodore Avery (1877-1955), American (Canadian-born) bacteriologist, who helped discover the importance of DNA
  • John Avery (1824-1914), American physician and politician from Michigan
  • Charles Avery (1873-1926), American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • James Avery (1825-1898), Union Navy seaman and recipient of the Medal of Honor during the American Civil War
  • Tex Avery (1908-1980), American animator and director; creator of Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck
  • Milton Avery (1885-1965), American painter whose works specialize in American Modernism
  • Shondrella Avery (b. 1971), American actress
  • ... (Another 7 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMAS Sydney II
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Albert G Avery (b. 1919), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Hove, Sussex, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Donald Avery, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
  • Mr. George T Avery, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. James Albert Avery (1891-1915), aged 22, English Trimmer from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on life boat 15 [15]


Suggested Readings for the name Avery +

  • 811 "A Family History, Gray-Avery and Related Families" by Lewis and Ruby Gray, "The Groton Averys, Christopher and James" by Elroy M. Avery.

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  6. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Andromeda voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1832 with 186 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1832
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Cygnet arrived Holdfast Bay, Adealide Sept. 11, 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Cygnet.htm
  10. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) Ray Avery. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Avery/Ray_Longfellow/USA.html
  12. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  13. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  15. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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