Artell History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Artell is a name that was brought to England by the ancestors of the Artell family when they emigrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Artell comes from the Dutch surname Van Arkel. The name Van Arkel may spring from the Anglo-Saxon form of Hercules, which is Ercol. A less likely root of the name is the parish of Ercoll Magna, or High Ercoll in Shropshire.
Early Origins of the Artell family
The surname Artell was first found in Norfolk, where the Saxon name Arnketel was found in 1019.  Archetel, Archel and Archil are all found in the Domesday Book of 1086. 
Later in Northumberland, Archil de Corebr was listed in the Pipe Rolls for 1159 and in 1256, Richard Arkill was listed in the Assize Rolls. The Hundredorum Rolls for Huntingdonshire include Roger Arketyl and in Yorkshire, the first entry for the family was as a forename: Arkell de Breddal in 1219. Later, William Harkill, Arkel was recorded in 1316 and 1331. John Arcle was a Freeman of York in 1455. 
In Berwickshire, Scotland, this northern branch of the family name descended from Anketell, or Arnketill. 
Early History of the Artell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Artell research. Another 63 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1500, 1533, 1588, 1572, 1626, 1609, 1610 and 1621 are included under the topic Early Artell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Artell Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Artell were recorded, including Arkell, Arkle, Arkill, Arcle, Argal, Argall, Arnkell, Artell, Artill, Arctall, Arktale, Arktell, Arktull, Arkgale and many more.
Early Notables of the Artell family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Richard Argall (c.1533-1588) of East Sutton, Kent; and his son, Sir Samuel Argall (c. 1572-1626), an English adventurer, Naval officer and Deputy-Governor of Virginia. He was "descended from an old Kentish family who afterwards settled at Walthamstow in Essex. His first appearance in history is among the early adventurers to Virginia, where we find him in July 1609 in charge of a small barque lying at anchor off Jamestown, where he was sent to trade on behalf of a Mr, Cornells, and to fish for sturgeon. His next task, after his return home...
Another 120 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Artell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Artell migration to the United States +
The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Artell arrived in North America very early:
Artell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- John Artell, who landed in California in 1871 
- Sarah Artell, aged 52, arrived in New York in 1894 aboard the ship "Etruria" from Liverpool, England 
Artell Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Sidney Artell, aged 23, originally from London, arrived in New York in 1905 aboard the ship "Saint Louis" from Southampton, England 
- Edward Artell, aged 25, originally from Rousselaeve, arrived in New York in 1912 aboard the ship "Finland" from Antwerp, Belgium 
Contemporary Notables of the name Artell (post 1700) +
- David John Artell (b. 1980), English former professional footballer, current manager of League Two club Crewe Alexandra; he won seven caps for the Gibraltar national team in 2014 and 2015
Related Stories +
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JX94-MPL : 6 December 2014), Sarah Artell, 05 Nov 1894; citing departure port Liverpool, arrival port New York, ship name Etruria, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
- ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JFWN-BZ8 : 6 December 2014), Sidney Artell, 09 Sep 1905; citing departure port Southampton, arrival port New York, ship name Saint Louis, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
- ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JJRL-P2V : 6 December 2014), Edward Artell, 08 Jun 1912; citing departure port Antwerp, arrival port New York, ship name Finland, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).