Arnold History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Arnold originated with the Anglo-Saxon tribes that once ruled Britain. It is derived from the personal name Arnoaldi, which is itself derived from the Frankish name "Arnuwalda." The Frankish given name Arnuwald, which is composed of two elements, arnu, which means eagle, and walda, which means powerful, was given to a person who was as powerful as an eagle.

Another source notes: "Arnold. - Introduced by the Normans. Though widely scattered, it is confined south of a line from the Wash to the Mersey. It is at present most frequent in Warwickshire and Leicestershire. In the time of Edward I. it was numerously represented in Cambridgeshire ( Hundred Rolls)." [1]

However, not all of the family emigrated to England at the time of the Conquest: "Robert Ernaldus, or Ernaut, and William Ernaut occur in Normandy 1180-98 (Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae)." [2]

Early Origins of the Arnold family

The surname Arnold was first found in various counties and shire throughout ancient Britain. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 elude to this: Arnald or Amard Atte-broke in Essex; Walter filius Arnald in Lincolnshire; Stephen Arnold in Kent; John filius Arnoldi in Cambridgeshire; and Ayelina relicta Arnold in Huntingdonshire. [3] Some of these early listings reflect the Latin from of the names which was so prevalent at the time.

Further to the north in Scotland, the name was probably derived from "Aeenald (Ernald, Ernold) or Arnold, second abbot of Kelso, who was elected bishop of St. Andrews, 1160. William le fiz Arnaud (the French form of the name), was king's tenant in counte de Linlescu and Henry le fiz Arnaud del counte de Selkirk rendered homage 1296." [4] The latter reference "rendered homage" was noting the this person had paid homage to King Edward I of England upon his invasion of Scotland.

Early History of the Arnold family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arnold research. Another 91 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1212, 1273, 1296, 1587, 1676, 1635, 1615, 1678, 1635, 1702 and are included under the topic Early Arnold History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Arnold Spelling Variations

One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Arnold has appeared include Arnold, Ernold, FitzArnold, Arrnold, Errnold, Aernold and many more.

Early Notables of the Arnold family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: William Arnold (1587-ca.1676), English settler to America in 1635, one of the founding settlers of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and with his sons was among the wealthiest people in the colony; Benedict Arnold (1615-1678), English-born settler...
Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Arnold Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Arnold family to Ireland

Some of the Arnold family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Arnold migration to the United States +

At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Arnold arrived in North America very early:

Arnold Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Tho Arnold, aged 18, who landed in St Christopher in 1634 [5]
  • William and Thomas Arnold of Nottingham, England, who settled in Higham Mass, and Watertown New York in May 1635. William later moved to Providence, Rhode Island. He was allegedly the richest man in the colony, and he was the ancestor of Benedict Arnold
  • Anne Arnold, age 39, who settled in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635
  • Ann Arnold, aged 39, who arrived in America in 1635 [5]
  • Jasper Arnold, who landed in New England in 1635 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Arnold Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Nich Arnold, who landed in Virginia in 1706 [5]
  • Johan Arnold, who landed in New York in 1709 [5]
  • Hans Georg Arnold, who landed in America in 1709 [5]
  • John Arnold, who landed in Virginia in 1714 [5]
  • Fra Arnold, who arrived in Virginia in 1719 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Arnold Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joh Geft Arnold, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1802 [5]
  • Joseph Hayman Arnold, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1806 [5]
  • Henri Arnold, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1807 [5]
  • David Arnold, aged 34, who arrived in Maryland in 1812 [5]
  • J Arnold, who landed in New York, NY in 1816 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Arnold Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • John C Arnold, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1902 [5]

Canada Arnold migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Arnold Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Joseph Arnold from Sherborne, Dorset, was an apprentice of Henry Brooks in Bay Bulls, Newfoundland in 1752 [6]
  • Sigismund Friedrich Arnold, who arrived in Canada in 1783
  • Mr. Amasa Arnold, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [7]
  • Mr. Andrew Arnold, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 [7]
  • General Benedict Arnold, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Canada c. 1783 struck off by order in council Janruary 8, 1799 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Arnold Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • George Arnold was a defendant in the Supreme Court in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1810 [6]
  • Pat Arnold from County Waterford, Ireland, was married in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1811 [6]
  • John Arnold from England and his brother William settled at Greenspond, Newfoundland in 1836, moved later to Traytown [6]
  • Miss. Dorothy Arnold, aged 2 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Leontine" departing 28th May 1847 from Bremen, Germany; the ship arrived on 28th July 1847 but she died on board [8]
  • Ms. Hannah Arnold who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Leontine" departing 28th May 1847 from Bremen, Germany; the ship arrived on 28th July 1847 but she died on board [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Arnold migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Arnold Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Arnold, English convict from Leicester, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [9]
  • Mr. John Arnold, British convict who was convicted in Essex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 29th September 1831, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Mr. William Arnold, English convict who was convicted in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Aurora" on 3rd November 1833, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [11]
  • Mr. James Arnold, English convict who was convicted in Wiltshire, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Augusta Jessie" on 27 September 1834, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [12]
  • Mr. Thomas Arnold, English convict who was convicted in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Aurora" on 18th June 1835, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Arnold migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Arnold Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • T Arnold, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Aldous Arnold, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Whitby" in 1841
  • John Arnold, aged 25, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Prince of Wales" in 1842
  • Harriet Arnold, aged 25, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Prince of Wales" in 1842
  • Mr. John Arnold, British settler arriving as the 1st detachment of Royal New Zealand Fencible Corps travelling from Tilbury, Essex aboard the ship "Ramillies" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 6th August 1847 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Arnold (post 1700) +

  • Benedict Arnold (1741-1801), American General, born at Norwich, Connecticut, 14 Jan. 1740-1, best known as a traitor in the American Revolution [14]
  • Martin Arnold (1929-2013), American journalist for nearly four decades at The New York Times
  • Major-General William Richard Arnold (1881-1965), American Chief of Chaplains, War Department (1937-1945) [15]
  • Lieutenant-General William Howard Arnold (1901-1976), American Commanding Officer, 5th Army (1955-1961) [16]
  • General Henry Harley Arnold (1886-1950), American Commanding Officer, 20th Air Force (1944-1945) [17]
  • Brigadier-General Calvert Hinton Arnold (1894-1963), American Commandant of Central Signal Corps School (1943-1945) [18]
  • Brigadier-General Milton Wylie Arnold (1907-2004), American Chief of Staff, Air Transport Command (1945-1946) [19]
  • Major-General Archibald Vincent Arnold (1889-1973), American Chief of Plans Section, Headquarters Army Field Forces (1946-1948) [20]
  • Richard Robert Arnold II (b. 1963), American educator and NASA astronaut with 12 hours and 34 minutes in space [21]
  • Thomas "Tom" Arnold (b. 1959), American actor and comedian in television and film
  • ... (Another 198 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Llewellyn Arnold (1929-1979), Baldwin, (1929-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Birkenhead, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; he died in the crash [22]
  • Ms. Valerie Ellen Arnold (1930-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Papatoetoe, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [22]
  • Ms. Melinda Maria Arnold (d. 1979), New Zealander passenger, from Manurewa, South Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [22]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Grace  Arnold (1828-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [23]
  • Miss Catherine  Arnold (1910-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [23]
  • Miss Harriet Frances  Arnold (1912-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [23]
  • Mrs. Catherine Anna  Arnold (1883-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [23]
  • Master Tristan Joseph  Arnold (1915-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [23]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. William A Arnold (b. 1894), English Stoker Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Kingston, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [24]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Thell Arnold, American Ship's Cook First Class from Arkansas, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Claude Duran Arnold Jr., American Fireman Third Class from Louisiana, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [25]


The Arnold Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Ut vivas vigila
Motto Translation: Watch that you may live.


Suggested Readings for the name Arnold +

  • 170 "Ancestry and Descendants of John Chambers Arnold and Mary Elizabeth (Shepherd) Arnold: 1789-1967" by Marjorie Organ Regan, "The Arnold Best, Cullison and Herron Families" by Evelyn L. Strong.

  1. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  7. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  8. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 64)
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 12th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1831
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th August 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/aurora
  12. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th August 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/augusta-jessie
  13. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  14. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 17 Apr. 2019
  15. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) William Arnold. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Arnold/William_Richard/USA.html
  16. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) William Arnold. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Arnold/William_Howard/USA.html
  17. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) Henry Arnold. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Arnold/Henry_Harley/USA.html
  18. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) Calvert Arnold. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Arnold/Calvert_Hinton/USA.html
  19. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) Milton Arnold. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Arnold/Milton_Wylie/USA.html
  20. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) Archibald Arnold. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Arnold/Archibald_Vincent/USA.html
  21. ^ NASA Astronauts Homepage. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) Richard Arnold. Retrieved from http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/arnold-rr.html
  22. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  23. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  24. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  25. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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