Arding History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The roots of the Arding name go back to the ancient Vikings and their Old Norse language. Arding was a name for a hard working or arduous person, deriving its origin from name the Old French word hearding, which meant hard. [1]

"The Hardings in Anglo-Saxon Heardingas, in Old Norse Haddingjar-were celebrated as an illustrious and heroic race. The late Lord Hardinge claimed to be descended from a Danish family settled near Derby. The Domesday forms are Harding, Hardingus, Hardinc and Filius Harding. The soft sound given to the G, when the E final is employed, seems to be a modern affectation, quite unworthy of this sturdy old race." [2]

Early Origins of the Arding family

The surname Arding was first found in Bristol, where the first record of the family was Harding of Bristol (c.1048-1125), Sheriff Reeve of Bristol. He was the son of Eadnoth the Constable (died 1068), an Anglo-Saxon thane who served as steward to Edward the Confessor and Harold II. One of the Harding of Bristol's sons was Robert Fitzharding (c. 1095-1170), 1st feudal Baron of Berkeley, Gloucestershire, an Anglo-Saxon nobleman who was granted the feudal barony of Berkeley in Gloucestershire and was ancestor of the Berkeley family of Berkeley Castle.

Harding or St. Stephen (d. 1134), was Abbot of Citeaux and was born of parents of good position at Sherborne in Dorsetshire, probably early in the second half of the eleventh century, and received his education in the monastery of his native place. "A desire to travel and to increase his learning took him first to Scotland and then to Paris. " [3]

John Hardyng (1378-1465?), was an early chronicler, born, according to his own account, in 1378, belonged to a northern family. "He was admitted at the age of twelve into the household of Sir Henry Percy (Hotspur), eldest son of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland. From an early period Hardyng busied himself in investigations into the feudal relations of the English and Scottish crowns, and during the reign of Henry V visited Scotland with a view to procuring official documents to prove the subservience from the earliest times of Scotland to England. " [3]

An investigation of early rolls revealed Hugh Harding in Cambridgeshire; and Nicol Harding in Oxfordshire in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273.

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 included Johannes Hardyng; and Thomas Hardyng, 1379. [4]

Early History of the Arding family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arding research. Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1048, 1125, 1134, 1378, 1465, 1415, 1516, 1572, 1593, 1658, 1601, 1658, 1648, 1610, 1622, 1648, 1641, 1618, 1634, 1638 and 1797 are included under the topic Early Arding History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Arding Spelling Variations

Spelling variations are extremely common among Scottish names dating from this era because the arts of spelling and translation were not yet standardized. Spelling was done by sound, and translation from Gaelic to English was generally quite careless. In different records, Arding has been spelled Harding, Hardinge and others.

Early Notables of the Arding family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan from early times was Thomas Harding (1516-1572), an English Roman Catholic priest and controversialist, born at Beckington, Somersetshire. [3] Richard Hardinge (c.1593-1658), was a Groom to the Bedchamber to the then Prince of Wales; George Harding, 8th Baron Berkeley (1601-1658), was an English nobleman; and Thomas Harding, was a 16th century English religious dissident. Thomas Harding (d. 1648), was an English historian...
Another 63 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Arding Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Arding family to Ireland

Some of the Arding family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 40 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Arding migration to the United States +

Those who made the voyage were greeted with ample opportunity to acquire land and a political climate far away from the oppressive monarchy of the old country. They settled along the east coast of what would become Canada and the United States. In the American War of Independence, those who remained loyal to England traveled north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. In this century, many Scots living in North America have begun to recover their rich heritage through festivals, highland games, and Clan societies. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has shown early immigrants bearing the name Arding:

Arding Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Arding, who arrived in Maryland in 1676 [5]

Australia Arding migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Arding Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Arding, English convict from Berkshire, who was transported aboard the "America" on April 4, 1829, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]

New Zealand Arding migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Arding Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Frederick Arding, (b. 1837), aged 24, British cooper travelling from London aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 7th January 1862 [7]


  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 26) America voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1829 with 176 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/america/1829
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html


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