Andrew History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The age-old Pictish-Scottish family name Andrew is derived from the baptismal name Andrew which in Greek means manly. The name was popular as both a personal name and a surname, likely because it was the name of Scotland's patron saint. In Gaelic the name is Aindrea and Anndra which again means manly.

Early Origins of the Andrew family

The surname Andrew was first found in Caithness (Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness.

This family was strongly associated with the Clan Ross. It was originally known as the Clan Siol Andrea, meaning the race of Andrew. However, from about the year 1100 the Andrews moved south to the Dumfriesshire area of southwest Scotland. Duncan Andrew, Chief of the Clan, rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296. [1]

Some of the family were found further south in England, specifically at Shotley in Northumberland where "Shotley Hall is said to have been built by Dr. Andrews, physician to the first royal Duke of Cumberland." [2]

Sir Edmund Andros (1637-1714) was born in London and rose to become an English colonial administrator in North America. The 1689 Boston revolt was directly attributed to his actions in New England.

Early History of the Andrew family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Andrew research. Another 86 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1395, 1463, 1600, 1958, 1600, 1661, 1660, 1661, 1659, 1649, 1650, 1510, 1537, 1604, 1604, 1637, 1714, 1660, 1666, 1672, 1674 and are included under the topic Early Andrew History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Andrew Spelling Variations

In the Middle ages, spelling and translation were not yet regulated by any general rules. spelling variations in names were common even among members of one family unit. Andrew has appeared Andrew, Andrews, MacAndrew, Androw, Androe, Andro and many more.

Early Notables of the Andrew family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Alexander Andrew, Sergeant of Aberdeen; Phineas Andrews (ca. 1600-1661), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1661; and Sir Thomas Andrewes (died 1659), English financier, supporter of the parliamentary cause during the English Civil War, Commissioner at the High Court of Justice for the trial of Charles I, Lord Mayor of London (1649-1650.) Laurence Andrewe ( fl. 1510-1537), was a French translator and printer, a native of Calais and Thomas Andrewe (fl. 1604)...
Another 85 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Andrew Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Andrew World Ranking

In the United States, the name Andrew is the 2,528th most popular surname with an estimated 12,435 people with that name. [3] However, in Australia, the name Andrew is ranked the 450th most popular surname with an estimated 8,369 people with that name. [4] And in New Zealand, the name Andrew is the 301st popular surname with an estimated 2,027 people with that name. [5] The United Kingdom ranks Andrew as 664th with 9,888 people. [6]

Ireland Migration of the Andrew family to Ireland

Some of the Andrew family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 77 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Andrew migration to the United States +

Faced by this persecution and the generally unstable political climate of those days, many Scots chose to leave their homeland for Ireland, Australia, and North America in search of greater opportunity and freedom. The colonies across the Atlantic were the most popular choice, but a passage there was neither cheap nor easily suffered. Passengers arrived sick and poor, but those who made it intact often found land and more tolerant societies in which to live. These brave settlers formed the backbone of the burgeoning nations of Canada and the United States. It is only this century that the ancestors of these families have begun to recover their collective identity through the patriotic highland games and Clan societies that have sprung up throughout North America. Research into early immigration and passenger lists revealed many immigrants bearing the name Andrew:

Andrew Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Anthony Andrew, who arrived in Virginia in 1622 [7]
  • William Andrew, who settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a ships captain who settled in 1634
  • William Andrew, who landed in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1634 [7]
  • Richard Andrew, who arrived in Virginia in 1643 [7]
  • John Andrew, son of Sir John Andrew of Charlton, who landed in 1650
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Scoch Andrew, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [7]
  • John Andrew, who settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1767
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Andrew, who landed in South Carolina in 1809 [7]
  • Henry Andrew, aged 26, who arrived in New York in 1812 [7]
  • Jonah Andrew, aged 30, who arrived in America in 1813 [7]
  • Mrs. Andrew, aged 20, who landed in New York, NY in 1834 [7]
  • Peter Andrew, aged 30, who landed in New York, NY in 1834 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. William Andrew, (b. 1870), aged 30, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "St Louis" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 18th February 1900 en route to Coalfax, California, USA [8]
  • Mr. James Andrew, (b. 1873), aged 27, Cornish miner traveling aboard the ship "St Louis" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 18th February 1900 en route to California, USA [8]
  • Mr. Stephen J. Andrew, (b. 1880), aged 21, Cornish miner, from Redruth, Cornwall travelling aboard the ship "Teutonic" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 20th February 1901 en route to Arizona, USA [8]
  • Mr. Joseph Andrew, (b. 1864), aged 37, Cornish labourer, from Bodmin, Cornwall travelling aboard the ship "Oceanic" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 11th September 1901 en route to Hancock, Michigan, USA [8]
  • Mr. John Frederick Andrew, (b. 1879), aged 24, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "St Louis" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 26th September 1903 en route to Quinnesec, Michigan, USA [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Andrew migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Andrew Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Andrew, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Liddy Andrew, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Mary Andrew, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Moses Andrew, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Thomas Andrew, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Andrew migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Andrew Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Andrew Lust, (Wilson, William), English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Mr. Andrew North, (b. 1760), aged 37, English flax dresser who was convicted in York, Yorkshire, England for life for arson, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1823 [9]
Andrew Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Andrew Daymond, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Bengal Merchant" on 13th March 1828, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [10]
  • Mr. George Andrew, British convict who was convicted in Chester, Cheshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Bussorah Merchant" on 1st October 1829, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • Mr. John Andrew, English convict who was convicted in Chester, Cheshire, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Eden" on 27th August 1836, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [12]
  • Mr. Andrew Bayley, (b. 1813), aged 25, English farm servant who was convicted in Liverpool, Merseyside, England for 10 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Bengal Merchant" on 24th March 1838, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1896 [13]
  • Mr. Andrew Hickson, English convict who was convicted in Newark-on-Trent (Newark), Nottinghamshire, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Barossa" on 8th December 1839, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Andrew migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Andrew Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Robert Andrew, who landed in Tamaki, Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • H Andrew, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842
  • Robert Andrew, aged 32, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Mary Andrew, aged 30, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • James Andrew, aged 15, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Andrew (post 1700) +

  • Michael Andrew (b. 1999), American competitive swimmer, gold medalist at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo
  • Howard Andrew (1934-2021), American poker player, best known for his success at the 1976 World Series of Poker, his live tournament winnings exceeded $1,500,000
  • Brigadier-General Ray Andrew, American Adjutant-General of New Mexico (1944-1946) [15]
  • Stephen W. Andrew, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Army Air Forces, during World War II, credited with 9 aerial victories
  • Henry Hersey Andrew (b. 1858), American Republican politician, Candidate for West Virginia State Senate 8th District, 1898 [16]
  • Henry Andrew, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County, 1837 [16]
  • Harry E. Andrew, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1924 [16]
  • Franklin Andrew, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 2008 [16]
  • Frank M. Andrew, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1928 [16]
  • Cindy Andrew, American Democratic Party politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 2008 [16]
  • ... (Another 21 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Stanley Andrew, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [17]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Edgar Samuel Andrew (d. 1912), aged 17, Argentine Second Class passenger from San Ambrosio, Córdoba who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Frank Thomas Andrew (d. 1912), aged 30, English Second Class passenger from Redruth, Cornwall who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [18]


The Andrew Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Victrix fortuna sapientia
Motto Translation: Wisdom is the conqueror of fortune.


Suggested Readings for the name Andrew +

  • History of the Andrew Family by Adelia Brown Elmer.
  • Thomas Andrew, Immigrant: A Genealogy of the Posterity of Thomas Andrew, One of the Early Settlers of New England by Laurence Clyde Andrew.

  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  4. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  5. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  6. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 29th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barwell
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bengal-merchant
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 10th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bussorah-merchant
  12. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th October 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/eden
  13. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bengal-merchant
  14. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barossa
  15. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) Ray Andrew. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Andrew/Ray/USA.html
  16. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, February 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  17. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  18. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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