Andrew History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The age-old Pictish-Scottish family name Andrew is derived from the baptismal name Andrew which in Greek means manly. The name was popular as both a personal name and a surname, likely because it was the name of Scotland's patron saint. In Gaelic the name is Aindrea and Anndra which again means manly.

Early Origins of the Andrew family

The surname Andrew was first found in Caithness (Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness.

This family was strongly associated with the Clan Ross. It was originally known as the Clan Siol Andrea, meaning the race of Andrew. However, from about the year 1100 the Andrews moved south to the Dumfriesshire area of southwest Scotland. Duncan Andrew, Chief of the Clan, rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296. [1]

Some of the family were found further south in England, specifically at Shotley in Northumberland where "Shotley Hall is said to have been built by Dr. Andrews, physician to the first royal Duke of Cumberland." [2]

Sir Edmund Andros (1637-1714) was born in London and rose to become an English colonial administrator in North America. The 1689 Boston revolt was directly attributed to his actions in New England.

Important Dates for the Andrew family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Andrew research. Another 86 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1395, 1463, 1600, 1958, 1600, 1661, 1660, 1661, 1659, 1649, 1650, 1510, 1537, 1604, 1604, 1637, 1714, 1660, 1666, 1672, 1674 and are included under the topic Early Andrew History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Andrew Spelling Variations

In the Middle ages, spelling and translation were not yet regulated by any general rules. spelling variations in names were common even among members of one family unit. Andrew has appeared Andrew, Andrews, MacAndrew, Androw, Androe, Andro and many more.

Early Notables of the Andrew family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Alexander Andrew, Sergeant of Aberdeen; Phineas Andrews (ca. 1600-1661), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1661; and Sir Thomas Andrewes (died 1659), English financier, supporter of the parliamentary cause during the English Civil War, Commissioner at the High Court of Justice for the trial of Charles I, Lord Mayor of London (1649-1650.) Laurence Andrewe ( fl. 1510-1537), was a French translator and printer, a native of Calais and Thomas Andrewe (fl. 1604)...
Another 85 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Andrew Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Andrew family to Ireland

Some of the Andrew family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 77 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Andrew migration to the United States

Faced by this persecution and the generally unstable political climate of those days, many Scots chose to leave their homeland for Ireland, Australia, and North America in search of greater opportunity and freedom. The colonies across the Atlantic were the most popular choice, but a passage there was neither cheap nor easily suffered. Passengers arrived sick and poor, but those who made it intact often found land and more tolerant societies in which to live. These brave settlers formed the backbone of the burgeoning nations of Canada and the United States. It is only this century that the ancestors of these families have begun to recover their collective identity through the patriotic highland games and Clan societies that have sprung up throughout North America. Research into early immigration and passenger lists revealed many immigrants bearing the name Andrew:

Andrew Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Anthony Andrew, who arrived in Virginia in 1622 [3]
  • William Andrew, who settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a ships captain who settled in 1634
  • William Andrew, who landed in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1634 [3]
  • Richard Andrew, who arrived in Virginia in 1643 [3]
  • John Andrew, son of Sir John Andrew of Charlton, who landed in 1650
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Scoch Andrew, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [3]
  • John Andrew, who settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1767
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Andrew, who landed in South Carolina in 1809 [3]
  • Henry Andrew, aged 26, who arrived in New York in 1812 [3]
  • Jonah Andrew, aged 30, who arrived in America in 1813 [3]
  • Mrs. Andrew, aged 20, who landed in New York, NY in 1834 [3]
  • Peter Andrew, aged 30, who landed in New York, NY in 1834 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Andrew Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Falde Gielbrand Andrew, who arrived in Wisconsin in 1911 [3]

Andrew migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Andrew Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Andrew, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Liddy Andrew, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Mary Andrew, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Moses Andrew, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Thomas Andrew, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Andrew migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Andrew Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Andrew, English convict from Liverpool, Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [4]
  • Mr. Thomas Butters Andrew, (b. 1816), aged 28 born in Duloe, Cornwall, UK convicted in Cornwall on 23rd March 1844, sentenced for 14 years for stealing a mule, transported aboard the ship "Barossa" in 1844 to Van Diemen's Land, Tasmania, Australia [5]
  • Mr. Thomas Andrew, (b. 1816), aged 28, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 23rd March 1844, sentenced for 14 years for stealing a mule, transported aboard the ship "Barrosa" on 9th May 1844 to Van Diemen's Land, Tasmania, Australia [6]
  • John Andrew, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1846 [7]
  • Elizabeth Andrew, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Aboukir" in 1847 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Andrew migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Andrew Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Robert Andrew, who landed in Tamaki, Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • H Andrew, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842
  • Robert Andrew, aged 32, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Mary Andrew, aged 30, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • James Andrew, aged 15, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Andrew (post 1700)

  • Brigadier-General Ray Andrew, American Adjutant-General of New Mexico (1944-1946) [9]
  • Stephen W. Andrew, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Army Air Forces, during World War II, credited with 9 aerial victories
  • Henry Hersey Andrew (b. 1858), American Republican politician, Candidate for West Virginia State Senate 8th District, 1898 [10]
  • Henry Andrew, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County, 1837 [10]
  • Harry E. Andrew, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1924 [10]
  • Franklin Andrew, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 2008 [10]
  • Frank M. Andrew, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1928 [10]
  • Cindy Andrew, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 2008 [10]
  • Charles B. Andrew, American politician, First Selectman of Naugatuck, Connecticut, 1910 [10]
  • Benjamin Andrew (1730-1790), American politician, Delegate to Continental Congress from Georgia, 1780 [10]
  • ... (Another 19 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Andrew family

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Stanley Andrew, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Edgar Samuel Andrew (d. 1912), aged 17, Argentine Second Class passenger from San Ambrosio, Córdoba who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Frank Thomas Andrew (d. 1912), aged 30, English Second Class passenger from Redruth, Cornwall who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [12]

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Citations

  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anson voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1843 with 499 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anson/1843
  5. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/tasmanian_convicts_cornish.pdf
  6. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HOOGHLY 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Hooghly.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ABOUKIR 1847. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847Aboukir.htm
  9. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) Ray Andrew. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Andrew/Ray/USA.html
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, February 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  11. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  12. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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