Adams History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The earliest origins of the name Adams date back to the time of the Anglo-Saxons. The name is derived from the given name Adam, which is itself derived from the Latin name Adamus which means earth.

Early Origins of the Adams family

The surname Adams was first found in many counties throughout England and Scotland.

"Six centuries ago Adam probably ranked as second or third favourite among boys' names throughout England. In the north it attained a most remarkable pre-eminence." [1]

Another source notes the name is "rare in the eastern and northern counties. In the north, however, its place is sometimes taken by Adamson and Addison, as in the county of Durham. It is at present best represented in Buckinghamshire, Devon, Hampshire, and Staffordshire, and in the counties on the Welsh border, Shropshire and Monmouthshire. " [2]

Shortly after the Conquest, forenames were still rare, but for popular names such as this an appellation was typically added denoting "from where they hailed" or in some cases, an occupation. By example, Adam of Barking ( fl. 1217?), was a Benedictine monk belonging to the abbey of Sherborne in Dorset; Adam of Buckfield (fl. 1300?), was an English commentator on Aristotle; Adam the Carthusian (fl. 1340) was described as a Carthusian monk and a doctor of theology; Adam of Domerham (d. after 1291), was a monk of Glastonbury, a native of Domerham, a village in Wiltshire belonging to Glastonbury Abbey; Adam de Marisco (d. 1257?), was a learned Franciscan, is said to have been a native of Somerset; and Adam of Orlton (d. 1345), successively bishop of Hereford, Worcester, and Winchester. [3]

As far as early rolls are concerned, England and Scotland had the lion's share of early entries.

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had the following entries: John filius Adam, Oxfordshire; Hugh filius Adam, Oxfordshire; German Adam, Cambridgeshire; and Juliana Adams, Huntingdonshire. Further to the north and over one hundred years later, the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed: Johannes Adamson; Johannes Adam; and Thomas Adamson. [1]

In Scotland, "Adam sub-prior of Melrose became abbot of Cupar, 1189. Adam son of Adam was one of the witnesses to the charter by William Bruce to Adam of Carlyle of the lands of Kynemund, c. 1194-1214, and he also witnessed the resignation by Dunegal, son of Udard of a carucate of land in Warmanbie within the same period. Adam became abbot of Newbattle in 1201, and another Adam, a native of Lennox (Levenax), was a monk of great sanctity. " [4]

Early History of the Adams family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Adams research. Another 186 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1189, 1329, 1460, 1281, 1327, 1891, 1585, 1661, 1656, 1586, 1667, 1654, 1655, 1656, 1658, 1626, 1698, 1651, 1719, 1685, 1719, 1695, 1697, 1689, 1748, 1662, 1720, 1712, 1720 and are included under the topic Early Adams History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Adams Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Adams include Adam, Adams, MacAdam, MacAdams, MacCaw and others.

Early Notables of the Adams family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst bearers of this family name during their early history was William Adams (1585-1661), London Haberdasher born in Newport, Shropshire, who founded Adams' Grammar School in 1656; Sir Thomas Adams, 1st Baronet (1586-1667), Lord Mayor of the City of London and a Member of Parliament for the City of London from 1654-1655 and...
Another 54 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Adams Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Adams World Ranking

In the United States, the name Adams is the 36th most popular surname with an estimated 432,738 people with that name. [5] However, in Canada, the name Adams is ranked the 90th most popular surname with an estimated 28,987 people with that name. [6] And in Quebec, Canada, the name Adams is the 795th popular surname. [7] Newfoundland, Canada ranks Adams as 93rd with 337 people. [8] Australia ranks Adams as 61st with 35,800 people. [9] New Zealand ranks Adams as 90th with 4,257 people. [10] The United Kingdom ranks Adams as 70th with 64,665 people. [11] Netherlands ranks Adams as 870th with 2,303 people. [12] South Africa ranks Adams as 56th with 75,697 people. [13]

Ireland Migration of the Adams family to Ireland

Some of the Adams family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 107 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Adams migration to the United States +

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Adams or a variant listed above:

Adams Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Captain Adams, who landed in Virginia in 1609 [14]
  • Charles Adams, who landed in Baltimore, Maryland in 1611 [14]
  • Mr. Adams, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 [14]
  • Mr. Adams, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1624 [14]
  • Robert Adams, who arrived in Virginia in 1624 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Adams Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Robert Adams, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1700 [14]
  • Robert Adams, who arrived in Virginia in 1702 [14]
  • Anne Adams, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [14]
  • Anne Adams, who arrived in Virginia in 1706 [14]
  • Francis Adams, who arrived in Maryland in 1707 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Adams Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Adams, who landed in America in 1802 [14]
  • Charles Adams, aged 48, who arrived in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1803 [14]
  • Archebald Adams, aged 12, who arrived in New York, NY in 1804 [14]
  • Elizabeth Adams, aged 8, who landed in New York, NY in 1804 [14]
  • John Adams, aged 15, who landed in New York, NY in 1804 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Adams Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. Jonathan Adams, (b. 1864), aged 36, Cornish railway man, from Madron, Cornwall traveling aboard the ship "Lucania" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 13th October 1900 en route to Pass Christian, Mississippi, USA [15]
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Adams, (b. 1840), aged 60, Cornish housekeeper, from Madron, Cornwall traveling aboard the ship "Lucania" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 13th October 1900 en route to Pass Christian, Mississippi, USA [15]
  • Miss Eveline Adams, (b. 1874), aged 26, Cornish general servant, from Madron, Cornwall traveling aboard the ship "Lucania" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 13th October 1900 en route to Pass Christian, Mississippi, USA [15]
  • Mr. Alfred Adams, (b. 1881), aged 20, Cornish miner traveling aboard the ship "Oceanic" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 17th April 1901 en route to California, USA [15]
  • Miss Lavinia Jane Adams, (b. 1892), aged 11, Cornish settler traveling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 3rd October 1903 en route to Butte City, Montanta [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Adams migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Adams Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
Adams Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Cpt. Samuel Adams U.E. (b. 1730) born in Stratford, Connecticut, USA, United Empire Loyalist from Arlington, Vermont, USA who settled in Eastern District, Montreal, then Lot 7, Concession II, Oxford Township, near Johnstown in 1805, he served under General Burgoyne, he died in 1810 and is buried in North Channel Cemetery, Township of Edwardsburgh/Cardinal, Leeds and Grenville, Ontario [17]
  • Daniel Adams, who landed in Canada in 1830
  • George Adams, aged 19, a gentleman, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the barque "Pallas" from Cork, Ireland
  • Maria Adams, aged 25, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Dorcas Savage" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Robert Adams, aged 23, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Silestria" from Belfast, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Adams migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Adams Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Sarah Adams, (b. 1779), aged 35, English servant who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Broxbournebury" in January 1814, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1848 [18]
  • Mr. Edward Adams, British Convict who was convicted in Leicester, Leicestershire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Caledonia" on 5th July 1820, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [19]
  • Mr. Thomas Adams, British Convict who was convicted in Northhampton, Northamptonshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Caledonia" on 5th July 1820, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [19]
  • Mr. John Adams, (b. 1798), aged 22, English farm labourer who was convicted in Derby, England for life for stealing, transported aboard the "Dick" on 2nd October 1820, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1859 [20]
  • William Adams, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [21]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Adams migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Adams Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John Adams, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Alex Percy Adams, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mr. Adams, Australian settler travelling from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia aboard the ship "Brilliant" arriving in New Zealand in 1841 [22]
  • Mrs. Adams, Australian settler travelling from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia aboard the ship "Brilliant" arriving in New Zealand in 1841 [22]
  • Mr. Thomas Adams, British settler referred to as the Parkhurst Boys travelling from London aboard the ship "Mandarin" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 14th November 1843, he had been taught trades and pardoned to live in New Zealand [22]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Adams migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [23]
Adams Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Mr. John Adams, (b. 1619), aged 16, British settler traveling aboard the ship "Paul of London" arriving in St Christopher (Saint Kitts) in 1635 [24]

Contemporary Notables of the name Adams (post 1700) +

  • President John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), American politician, 6th President of the United States (1825-1829)
  • Ansel Easton Adams (1902-1984), American photographer and environmentalist, best known for his black-and-white photographs of the American West and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom [25]
  • Samuel Adams (1722-1803), American statesman and brewer who led the Boston Tea Party, 4th Governor of Massachusetts (1794-1797), 3rd Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (1789-1794), one of the Founding Fathers of the United States
  • Granville Adams (1963-2021), American actor best known for his role as Zahir Arif on the HBO television series Oz and his recurring role on the NBC series Homicide: Life on the Street as Officer Jeff Westby
  • Phillip M. Adams (1988-2021), American professional football player who was a cornerback in the National Football League; he shot and killed himself following a standoff with the Rock Hill, South Carolina police, after killing five others and injuring a sixth the day before
  • Henry Lyle "Hank" Adams (1943-2020), Native American rights activist who was based in Washington state
  • Jay Edward Adams (1929-2020), American, Reformed Christian author who wrote more than 100 books
  • India Adams (1927-2020), American ghost singer who dubbed the singing voices of Cyd Charisse and Joan Crawford in the mid-1950s
  • James Blackburn Adams (1926-2020), American attorney, politician, 3rd and 4th Associate Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1978-1979) and (1973-1978)
  • Tom Adams (1926-2019), American-born, Scottish illustrator and painter, best known for his book cover art for the paperback editions of Agatha Christie
  • ... (Another 64 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Bismarck
  • Wilhelm Adams (1922-1941), German Matrosengefreiter who served aboard the German Battleship Bismarck during World War II when it was sunk heading to France; he died in the sinking [26]
  • Friedrich Adams (1906-1941), German Stabsoberbootsmann who served aboard the German Battleship Bismarck during World War II when it was sunk heading to France; he died in the sinking [26]
Flight 191
  • K Adams, American passenger from Los Angeles, California, USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash [27]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Nigel N Adams (b. 1923), English Midshipman serving for the Royal Navy Reserve from Crownhill, Plymouth, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Frank P Adams (b. 1918), English Musician serving for the Royal Marine Band from Gillingham, Kent, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Victor H Adams (b. 1916), English Leading Stoker serving for the Royal Navy from Eastney, Portsmouth, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Victor E Adams (b. 1917), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Milton, Portsmouth, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Keith H Adams (b. 1923), English Corporal serving for the Royal Marine from Alverstoke, Gosport, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Francis Herbert Robert Adams, British Writer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [29]
HMS Royal Oak
  • William Percy Adams (1903-1939), born in Guernsey, Channel Islands, British Leading Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [30]
  • Robert L. Adams, British Chief Mechanician with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [30]
Ibrox disaster
  • George Adams (1928-1971), Scottish football supporter, from Dumbartonshire who was at the Ibrox disaster on 2nd January 1971 when a human crush among the crowd killed 66 and injured 200 people he died of his injuries [31]
Pemberton Mill
  • Mr. Benjamin G. Adams, factory worker in the Pemberton Mill on 10th January 1860 when the mill collapsed trapping 900 workers as rescue attempts continued into the night, an oil lantern was knocked over further engulfing the trapped workers in fire, he was trapped with rescuers passing him tools to enable him to escape he survived with severe injuries
Prince of Wales colliery
  • Mr. George Adams (b. 1859), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [32]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mrs. Gertrude Adams, (née Pollett), English 2nd Class passenger residing in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada returning to Bath, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [33]
  • Miss Joan M. Adams, English 2nd Class passenger residing in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada returning to Bath, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [33]
  • Mr. Allan H. Adams, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [33]
  • Mr. Arthur Henry Adams, French 1st Class Passenger residing in London, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking by escaping in life boat 17 [33]
  • Mr. Henry Adams, Welsh 1st Class Passenger originating in Boston, Massachusetts, USA returning to Tenby, Pembrokshire, Wales, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [33]
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Robert John Adams (1885-1912), aged 26, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [34]
  • Mr. John Adams (1878-1912), aged 26, English Third Class passenger from Bournemouth, Dorset who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [34]
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. Thomas Davies Adams (b. 1894), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
SS Newfoundland
  • Mr. George Adams (b. 1896), Newfoundlander from Harbour Grace, who on the 30th March 1914 he was part of the Seal Crew of the "SS Newfoundland" leaving the ship to intercept the Stephano which took him to the hunting grounds, he disembarked to begin sealing, but was caught in a thickening storm, attempting to return to the Newfoundland he and the 132 crew made camp for two days the sealers were stranded on the ice in a blizzard attempting to return to the ship, he survived
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Robert Franklin Adams, American Seaman First Class from Alabama, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [35]


Suggested Readings for the name Adams +

  • Adams Family Records: A Genealogical and Biographical History of All Branches of the Adams Family by J. T. Adams.
  • Adams, an American Dynasty by Francis Russell.

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  5. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  6. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  7. ^ https://statistique.quebec.ca/fr/document/noms-de-famille-au-quebec/tableau/les-1-000-premiers-noms-de-famille-selon-le-rang-quebec
  8. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  9. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  10. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  11. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  12. ^ https://forebears.io/netherlands/surnames
  13. ^ https://forebears.io/south-africa/surnames
  14. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  15. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  16. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  17. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  18. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/broxbournebury
  19. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/caledonia
  20. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 8th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/Dick
  21. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1820 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1820
  22. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  23. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  24. ^ Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's (Retrieved October 4th 2021, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  25. ^ Ansel Adams. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) Ansel Adams. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ansel_Adams
  26. ^ Bismarck & Tirpitz Class - Crew List Bismarck. (Retrieved 2018, February 06). Retrieved from https://www.bismarck-class.dk/bismarck/crew/bismarck_crew.html#crew_details
  27. ^ Flight 191's Victims - latimes. (Retrieved 2014, April 16) . Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/1985-08-04/news/mn-4349_1_fort-lauderdale-area
  28. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  29. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  30. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  31. ^ Bradford City Football Club In memory (retrieved 22nd March 2021). Retrieved from https://www.bradfordcityafc.com/club/in-memoriam/
  32. ^ Entombed in flood and flame (retrieved 3rd August 2021). Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20120603025705/http://www.crosskeys.me.uk/history/prince.htm
  33. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  34. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  35. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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