Williams History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Welsh name Williams is a patronymic surname derived from the personal name William, which is in turn derived from the Old German names Willihelm and Willelm (the Norman French version was Guillaume). Following the Norman Conquest of 1066, William became the most popular personal name in Britain for a time.

Early Origins of the Williams family

The surname Williams was first found in Breconshire and Monmouthshire on the English/ Welsh border, where they are traditionally believed to be descended from Brychan Brecheiniog who was Lord of Brecknock at the time of King Arthur of the Round Table. The mediaeval seat of the ancestors of the Williams family was at Llangibby Castle in County Monmouth. More recently, the family is descended through Rhys Goch, the red haired Lord Ystradyw from Caradog Vreichvras.

One of the first records of the name was listed as Robertus filius Willelmi [1] which was listed in the Domesday Book. [2] Other early records include Richard Williams who was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1279 and John Wylyam who was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296.

Important Dates for the Williams family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Williams research. Another 134 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1500, 1846, 1739, 1604, 1683, 1636, 1635, 1666, 1660, 1661, 1641, 1656, 1679, 1623, 1692, 1668, 1696, 1689, 1696, 1688, 1696, 1621, 1712, 1675, 1679 and are included under the topic Early Williams History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Williams Spelling Variations

Welsh surnames are relatively few in number, but they have an inordinately large number of spelling variations. There are many factors that explain the preponderance of Welsh variants, but the earliest is found during the Middle Ages when Welsh surnames came into use. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, which often resulted in a single person's name being inconsistently recorded over his lifetime. The transliteration of Welsh names into English also accounts for many of the spelling variations: the unique Brythonic Celtic language of the Welsh had many sounds the English language was incapable of accurately reproducing. It was also common for members of a same surname to change their names slightly, in order to signify a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations. For all of these reasons, the many spelling variations of particular Welsh names are very important. The surname Williams has occasionally been spelled Williams, Quilliams, Guilliam, Guilliams and others.

Early Notables of the Williams family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was Roger Williams (c.1604-1683), English-born, American clergyman, founder of the colony of Providence Plantation in 1636; Sir Henry Williams, 2nd Baronet (c. 1635-1666), a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1661; John Williams, Archbishop of York in 1641; Nathaniel Williams (1656-c.1679), a Welsh writer from Swansea; Sir Trevor Williams, 1st Baronet (c. 1623-1692) of Llangibby, Monmouthshire...
Another 70 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Williams Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Williams family to Ireland

Some of the Williams family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 87 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Williams migration to the United States

The Welsh migration to North America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries contributed greatly to its rapid development. These migrants were in search of land, work, and freedom. Those Welsh families that survived the long ocean journey were critical to the development of new industries and factories, and to the quick settlement of land. They also added to an ever-growing rich cultural heritage. A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Williams:

Williams Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • David Williams and Elizabeth Williams, who both settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Edward Williams, who settled in Virginia in 1624
  • Richard Williams, who settled in Maine in 1630
  • Anto Williams, aged 14, who arrived in St Christopher in 1635 [3]
  • Davie Williams, aged 17, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Williams Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Agnes Williams, who arrived in Virginia in 1717 [3]
  • Elizabeth Williams, who arrived in Carolina in 1724 [3]
  • Alexander Williams, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [3]
  • Alice Williams, who immigrated to Maryland in 1749
  • Elijah Williams, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1795 [3]
Williams Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Timothy Williams, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 [3]
  • John Williams, who arrived in New York, NY in 1812 [3]
  • Albert Williams, aged 24, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1814 [3]
  • George Williams, who settled in Boston in 1822
  • Caroline Williams, who arrived in New York, NY in 1826 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Williams migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Williams Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Deborah Williams, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Catherine Williams, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1757
  • Mr. Abraham Williams U.E. (b. 1766) who settled in Shelburne, Nova Scotia c. 1783 married to Ann (Nancy) having 13 children, he died in 1846 [4]
  • Mr. John Williams U.E. who settled in Shelburne, Nova Scotia c. 1783 married to Sarah having 4 children, he died in 1792 [4]
  • Mr. John Williams U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Williams Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Williams, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Augusta" from Liverpool, England
  • Paul Williams, aged 50, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Elizabeth" from Galway, Ireland
  • John Williams, aged 22, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Lady Douglas" from New Ross
  • James Williams, aged 25, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "William" in 1834
  • Jearry Williams, aged 21, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "William" in 1834
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Williams migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Williams Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Robert Williams, English convict from Shropshire, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Samuel Williams, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • John Williams, Welsh convict from Brecon, Wales, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Thomas Williams, English convict from Chester, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Isaac Williams, English convict from Bristol, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Williams Settlers in Australia in the 20th Century
  • Mr. Joseph Williams, (b. 1885), aged 20, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Miltiades"arriving in Queensland, Australia on 7th August 1905 [8]
  • Mr. John Williams, (b. 1851), aged 57, Cornish labourer who immigrated to New South Wales, Australia aboard the ship "Waikato" in 1870 convicted at Darlinghurst Gaol in 1908 [9]

Williams migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

  • Mr. Maud M. Williams, (b. 1875), aged 10 months, Cornish settler departing on 12th October 1875 aboard the ship "Caroline" going to Napier, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 31st January 1876 [10]
  • Mr. Richard F. Williams, (b. 1873), aged 11 months, Cornish settler departing on 17th August 1874 aboard the ship "Ocean Mail" going to Napier, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 8th November 1874 [10]
  • Mr. Samuel Williams, (b. 1850), aged 25, Cornish carpenter departing on 12th October 1875 aboard the ship "Caroline" going to Napier, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 31st January 1876 [10]
  • Mrs. Sarah Williams, (b. 1852), aged 23, Cornish settler departing on 12th October 1875 aboard the ship "Caroline" going to Napier, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 31st January 1876 [10]
  • Mr. William S. Williams, (b. 1852), aged 22, Cornish miner departing on 17th August 1874 aboard the ship "Ocean Mail" going to Napier, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 8th November 1874 [10]
Williams Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • J Williams, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1829
  • P Williams, who landed in New Zealand in 1829
  • Mr. William Williams, Australian settler travelling from Hobart, Tasmania, Australia aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1831 [11]
  • Mr. Williams, Australian settler travelling from Port of Hobart, Tasmania, Australia on board the ship "Defiance" arriving in New Zealand in 1832 [11]
  • Henry Williams, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1832
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Williams (post 1700)

  • Tennessee Williams (1911-1983), well-known American playwright, two-time Pulitzer Prize winner, 1948 and 1955 and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Howard Andrew "Andy" Williams (1927-2012), American singer who recorded eighteen Gold and three Platinum-certified albums, host of The Andy Williams Show (1962-1971), best known for his recording of "Moon River"
  • Davey J. Williams (1952-2019), American free improvisation and avant-garde music guitarist
  • Willie Williams (1931-2019), American sprinter who set the 100 metres world record in 1956, with a new time of 10.1s
  • Bruce H. Williams (1932-2019), American radio host, entrepreneur, writer and former mayor, American Hall of Fame radio host (WCTC, WMCA)
  • Darrent Demarcus Williams (1982-2007), American football player for the Denver Broncos
  • Dick Williams (1926-2018), American singer and actor, older brother of Andy Williams
  • Susan L. Williams (1954-2018), American marine biologist and Distinguished Professor of Evolution and Ecology at the University of California, Davis
  • Samuel Joseph Williams (1948-2018), American Tony Award winning actor of stage and film
  • Donald Ray "Don" Williams (1939-2017), American country singer, songwriter, and 2010 inductee to the Country Music Hall of Fame
  • ... (Another 109 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Williams family

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Leonard Heathcote Williams (1919-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Havelock North, Hastings, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; he died in the crash [12]
  • Miss Janet Challis Williams (1909-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Hastings, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [12]
  • Mrs. Janet Mary Williams (1919-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Havelock North, Hastings, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [12]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. David Williams, British Cook from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [13]
  • Mr. William Williams, British Greaser from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [13]
  • Mr. William Williams, British Lamp Trimmer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mr. Arthur Clement Williams, British Saloon Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [13]
  • Mr. Roger Williams (1884-1914), English 2nd Officer from Maryport, Cumberland, England, United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
  • ... (Another 4 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Halifax Explosion
  • Master George A.  Williams (1909-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Miss Margaret Doris  Williams (1910-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Master Joseph  Williams (1910-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Master James  Williams (1912-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mr. James  Williams (1873-1917), Welsh Master aboard the SS Picton from Cardiganshire, Wales, United Kingdom who died in the explosion [14]
  • ... (Another 9 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. John Bruce Williams (1920-1941), Australian Stoker 2nd Class from Ascot Vale, Victoria, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. John Harris Williams (1920-1941), Australian Stoker 2nd Class from South Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Alfred David Williams (1918-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Speers Point, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. David Leslie Williams (1916-1941), Australian Acting Petty Officer from Fairfield, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [15]
HMS Cornwall
  • Maurice Williams (d. 1942), British Able Seaman aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [16]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • William Williams (d. 1945), British Writer aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [17]
  • John Williams (d. 1945), British Stoker 1st Class aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [17]
  • Ernest George Pascoe Williams (d. 1945), British Engine Room Artificer 4th Class aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [17]
  • Gordon Percy Williams (d. 1945), British Ordnance Artificer 4th Class aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [17]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Roderick G Williams (b. 1922), English Midshipman serving for the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve from Westminster, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Tom G J Williams (b. 1921), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Portsea, Portsmouth, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Roland M Williams (b. 1909), Welsh Writer serving for the Royal Navy from Llangefni, Anglesey, Wales, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Lloyd Williams (b. 1918), English Electrical Artificer 4th Class serving for the Royal Navy from Southsea, Portsmouth, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Leonard J Williams (b. 1922), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Birmingham, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. William George Henry Williams, British Leading Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Willie J Williams, English Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. John Williams, British Able Seaman from England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. William Charles Williams, British Assistant Steward, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Stanley Williams (1924-1942), English Marine from England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, was later killed in action in 1942 [19]
  • ... (Another 11 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Frank Williams, British Boatswain, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Jack Williams, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Alfred Williams, British Leading Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Williams, British Boatswain, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Sidney Williams, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [20]
  • ... (Another 10 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Royal Oak
  • George B. Williams, British Musician with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [21]
  • Frank Williams, British Boatswain with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [21]
  • Joseph Williams (1922-1939), British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [21]
  • Jonah Williams (1901-1939), British Chief Stoker with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [21]
  • George Arthur Williams (1915-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [21]
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Brittany Leigh Williams (1988-1988), American Passenger from Crown Point, New York, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [22]
  • Stephanie Leigh Williams (1987-1988), American Passenger from Crown Point, New York, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [22]
  • Bonnie Leigh Williams (1967-1988), American Military from Crown Point, New York, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [22]
  • Eric Jon Williams (1964-1988), American Army Sergeant from Crown Point, New York, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [22]
  • George Waterson Williams (1964-1988), American Army First Lieutenant from Joppa, Maryland, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [22]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Harold Williams, English Second Waiter from Shire Hall, Chester, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. John Williams, English Third Waiter from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. Sydney Williams, English Trimmer from Birkenhead, Cheshire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. William H. Williams, English 1st Class Cabin Bed Steward from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [23]
  • Mr. Robert Neptune Williams, English First Waiter from Egremont, Cheshire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [23]
  • ... (Another 17 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Walter J. Williams, aged 28, English Second Class Saloon Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 13 [24]
  • Mr. Samuel S. Williams (d. 1912), aged 26, English Trimmer from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [24]
  • Mr. Howard Hugh "Harry" Williams (d. 1912), aged 28, English Third Class passenger from Guernsey, Channel Islands who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [24]
  • Mr. Leslie Williams (d. 1912), aged 28, Welsh Third Class passenger from Tonypandy, Glamorgan who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [24]
  • Mr. Charles Eugene Williams, aged 23, English Second Class passenger from Harrow, London who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on life boat 14 [24]
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
USS Arizona
  • Mr. John F. Williams, American Gunner's Mate Third Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [25]
  • Mr. George Washington Williams, American Seaman First Class from Virginia, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Jack Herman Williams, American Radioman Third Class from South Carolina, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Laurence A Williams, American Ensign-Division V from Ohio, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Adrian Delton Williams, American Seaman First Class from Louisiana, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [25]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Citations

  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1820 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1820
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Adamant voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1821 with 144 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adamant/1821
  8. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_queensland.pdf
  9. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_gaol_admissions.pdf
  10. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  12. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  13. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  14. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  15. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  16. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  17. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  18. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  19. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  20. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  21. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  22. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  23. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  24. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  25. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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