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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: English
The notable Simmons family arose among the Cornish People
, a race with a rich Celtic heritage and an indomitable fighting spirit who inhabited the southwest of England
. While surnames were well-known during the English medieval period, Cornish People
originally used only a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames
came into common use is interesting. As the population of medieval Europe multiplied, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal
System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Patronymic
surnames were derived from given names and were the predominant type of surname among the Celtic peoples of Britain. However, the people of Cornwall
provide a surprising exception to this rule, and patronymic
surnames are less common among them than other people of Celtic stock, such as their Welsh
neighbors. This is due to the greater influence of English bureaucracy and naming practices in Cornwall
at the time that surnames first arose. This type of surname blended perfectly with the prevailing Feudal
System. One feature that is occasionally found in Cornish surnames of this type is the suffix -oe or -ow; this is derived from the Cornish plural suffix -ow. is a patronymic surname that came from the ancient Hebrew
personal name Shimon,
meaning to hearken.
The surname Simmons was first found in Devon
and in Cornwall
, where the family held a family seat
since ancient times.
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Symons, Symonds, Symond, Simmins, Simins, Simmonds, Simonds, Simond, Simmons, Simon, Simmon, Simmen, Symon and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Simmons research. Another 225 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1178, 1273, 1379, 1388, 1623, 1665, 1640, 1687, 1617, 1692, 1623, 1665, 1617 and 1692 are included under the topic Early Simmons History in all our PDF Extended History products
Another 161 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Simmons Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
Some of the Simmons family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 111 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
A look at the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Simmons:
Simmons Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Moses Simmons, who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621
- Abram Simmons, who arrived in Maryland in 1634
- Oliver Simmons, who landed in Virginia in 1638
- Thomas Simmons, who arrived in Maryland in 1639
- Robert Simmons, who arrived in Maryland in 1662
Simmons Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Balthazer Simmons, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1750
- Catherin Simmons, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1792
- Frederick Simmons, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1792
- Melchoir Simmons, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1792
- Ludwig Simmons, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1792
Simmons Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- John Simmons, who landed in America in 1806
- James L Simmons, aged 27, arrived in Connecticut in 1812
- Wm Simmons, who landed in New York, NY in 1817
- Francis Simmons, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1825
- John, Simmons Jr., who arrived in New York in 1842
Simmons Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- William Simmons, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1778
Simmons Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Edward Simmons, aged 20, arrived in Canada in 1815
- Stephen Simmons, who landed in Canada in 1836
- Isaac Simmons, who landed in Canada in 1841
Simmons Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- John Simmons, English convict from Warwick, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- Edward Jeremiah Simmons, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
- Elizabeth Simmons, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "America" on December 30, 1830, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- James Simmons arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Barras" in 1839
- Henry Simmons arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Charles Kerr" in 1840
Simmons Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Weston Simmons landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842
- Charles Simmons arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ann Wilson" in 1857
- Ann Simmons arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ann Wilson" in 1857
- Thomas Simmons arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ann Wilson" in 1857
- Caroline Simmons arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ann Wilson" in 1857
- Lonnie Alexander "Lon" Simmons (1923-2015), American baseball and football broadcaster, awarded the 2004 Ford C. Frick Award
- Gene Simmons (b. 1949), born Chaim Weitz, American musician and television celebrity, co-founder of the supergroup, KISS, known for Gene Simmons: Family Jewels (2006), The Decline of Western Civilization Part II: The Metal Years (1988) and Rush: Beyond the Lighted Stage (2010)
- Henry Simmons (b. 1970), American American Black Film Festival Award winning actor, known for his roles in NYPD Blue (1993), Another World (1964) and Taxi (2004)
- Lili Simmons (b. 1992), American actress, known for Banshee (2013), Geek Charming (2011) and Fat Kid Rules the World (2012)
- Jonathan Kimble "J.K." Simmons (b. 1955), American Academy Award winning actor, known for his roles in Whiplash (2014), Spider-Man (2002) and The Closer (2005)
- Roy Franklin Simmons (1956-2014), American football player who played for the National Football League
- Robert B. Simmons, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Ontario County, 1898
- Robert D. Simmons, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Kentucky 2nd District, 1968
- Robert Dale Simmons, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from North Carolina, 1988, 1992, 1996
- Robert G. Simmons Jr., American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Nebraska, 1952, 1956, 1960
- Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
- Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
- Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
- MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
- Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
- Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
- Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
- Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
- Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
- Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
The Simmons Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Simmons Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 21 May 2016 at 14:28.
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