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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The notable Pollard family arose among the Cornish People, a race with a rich Celtic heritage and an indomitable fighting spirit who inhabited the southwest of England. While surnames were well-known during the English medieval period, Cornish People originally used only a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames came into common use is interesting. As the population of medieval Europe multiplied, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Patronymic surnames were derived from given names and were the predominant type of surname among the Celtic peoples of Britain. However, the people of Cornwall provide a surprising exception to this rule, and patronymic surnames are less common among them than other people of Celtic stock, such as their Welsh neighbors. This is due to the greater influence of English bureaucracy and naming practices in Cornwall at the time that surnames first arose. This type of surname blended perfectly with the prevailing Feudal System. One feature that is occasionally found in Cornish surnames of this type is the suffix -oe or -ow; this is derived from the Cornish plural suffix -ow. is a patronymic surname that came from the popular religious given name, Paul. Pollard is a patronymic surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. Many patronymic surnames were formed by adopting the given name of an ancestor of the bearer, while others came from popular religious names, and from the names of secular heroes. However, this surname may have also been a nickname, taken from the Old English word poll, which means head, and the suffix -ard, which referred to something big. [1]

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The surname Pollard was first found in Cornwall where one source claims "the barton of Trelleigh in Redruth, was 'the seat of that most ancient family or Pollard, from whence all of the of that name were descended.' " [2] We cannot verify that this is true, but it is important to note that the name was also scattered throughout Britain as in Pollardus Ostiarius who was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1201 on Suffolk, Pollardus Forestarius in the Curia Regis Rolls of Gloucestershire in 1207, Stepahnus filius Pollard in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1275 in Kent. [3] The various Pipe Rolls list: William Pollard in Surrey in 1181; Richard Pollard in Hertfordshire in 1192; and Richard Pollard in Lancashire in 1195. [1]

Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Pollard, Pollarde, Poullard, Pawlarde and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pollard research. Another 189 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1641, 1603, 1666, 1640, 1667, 1616, 1701, 1681 and 1710 are included under the topic Early Pollard History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 179 words (13 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pollard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Pollard family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 35 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Investigation of immigration and passenger lists has revealed a number of people bearing the name Pollard:

Pollard Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Anne Pollard settled with her husband John in Salem in 1630
  • Thomas Pollard, aged 23, arrived in St Christopher in 1633
  • John Pollard, who landed in Virginia in 1642
  • John Pollard settled in Virginia in 1642
  • William Pollard settled in Virginia in 1644


Pollard Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Sarah Pollard, who landed in Virginia in 1701
  • Jonathan Pollard, who arrived in America in 1765

Pollard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • H Pollard, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • B Pollard, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1855
  • Joseph Pollard, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1866

Pollard Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century


  • A E Pollard, who landed in St John, New Brunswick in 1907

Pollard Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Wentworth Pollard, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • John Edward Pollard, aged 20, a gardener, arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Africaine" in 1836
  • Maria Pollard, aged 18, arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Africaine" in 1836
  • Jane Pollard arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Platina" in 1839
  • Elizabeth Pollard arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Waterloo" in 1840


Pollard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • John Pollard arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ballarat" in 1867
  • Thomas Pollard arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Excelsior" in 1869
  • Elizabeth Pollard arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Excelsior" in 1869
  • William Pollard, aged 21, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Strathnaver" in 1874

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  • William Pollard, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1960
  • Fred G. Pollard (1918-2003), American Democrat politician, Member of Virginia State House of Delegates, 1950-65; Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, 1966-67
  • Frank B. Pollard, American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in Brantford, 1898
  • Ernest Mark Pollard (1869-1939), American Republican politician, Member of Nebraska State House of Representatives, 1897-99; U.S. Representative from Nebraska 1st District, 1905-09
  • C. A. Pollard, American Democrat politician, Member of Alaska territorial House of Representatives 3rd District, 1945-52
  • Arthur G. Pollard, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1900
  • Gary S. Pollard, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 2000
  • Harry G. Pollard, American Democrat politician, Candidate for New York State Senate 35th District, 1928
  • Henry Moses Pollard (1836-1904), American Republican politician, Mayor of Chillicothe, Missouri, 1876; U.S. Representative from Missouri 10th District, 1877-79; Delegate to Republican National Convention from Missouri, 1888
  • Herbert L. Pollard, American Republican politician, Member of Massachusetts State House of Representatives Fourth Worcester District, 1905

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  • Colonel John Pollard and Juliet Jeffries by Elizabeth Pollard Cox Johnson.
  • Rudd-Pollard-Youngblood and Related Families by Margaret Rudd Youngblood.
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  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Other References

  1. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  2. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  3. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  4. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  5. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  6. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  7. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  8. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  9. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  10. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  11. ...

The Pollard Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pollard Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 5 May 2016 at 16:29.

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