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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The Anglo-Saxon name Hawkes comes from the Old English personal name Hafoc, which means hawk. However, the surname Hawkes may have been applied as a nickname to someone with a wild or cruel disposition. It may also be an occupational surname given to a "hawker" or someone who held land in exchange for providing hawks to a lord. Lastly, the surname Hawkes may be a local surname given to someone who lived in a nook or corner; in this case, the surname is derived from the Old English word halke, which means nook or corner.
Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Hawkes were recorded, including Hawk, Hawke, Hawkes, Hauk, Hauke and others.
First found in Lincolnshire where Jocelin de Hawke was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. While this is the first listing of the name, years later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Records of 1379 list: Thomas Hauke; Thomas Hauke, coteler; Adam Hawke; and Johannes Hawke.  On the more romantic side, one reference claims the name derives from the "bird: allusive to keenness of disposition." 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawkes research. Another 179 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1705 and 1781 are included under the topic Early Hawkes History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 23 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hawkes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Hawkes family emigrate to North America:
Hawkes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Mary Hawkes, who came to Virginia in 1635
- Mary Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1635
- Wm Hawkes, aged 22, landed in Virginia in 1635
- Ellin Hawkes, who arrived in Virginia in 1643
- Edmond Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1650
Hawkes Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Jeffery Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1701
Hawkes Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- George Hawkes, aged 30, arrived in New York in 1812
- N Hawkes, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
- Mr. Hawkes, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1855
- Alfred Hawkes, aged 6, landed in New York in 1862
- Annie Hawkes, aged 7, arrived in New York in 1862
Hawkes Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Robert Hawkes, who landed in Prince Edward Island in 1817
Hawkes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- William Hawkes arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cleveland" in 1839
- Robert Hawkes arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Gratitude" in 1848
- Robert Hawkes arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Stebonheath" in 1849
- Joseph Hawkes, aged 23, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Eliza"
- Elizabeth Hawkes, aged 28, a cook, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Sultana"
Hawkes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- George Hawkes landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
- Robert Hawkes, aged 30, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Seringapatam" in 1856
- Sarah Hawkes arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1864
- Ann Hawkes, aged 25, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alumbagh" in 1875
- Caroline A. Hawkes, aged 28, a housekeeper, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rangitikei" in 1884
- W. Hawkes, American politician, Mayor of Salina, Kansas, 1956-57
- Travis Hawkes, American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for Idaho, 2012
- Ted Hawkes, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 1960
- Pollyanne Hawkes, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Oklahoma, 2012
- M. A. Hawkes, American politician, Member of Minnesota State House of Representatives 6th District, 1873
- John Hawkes, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Utah, 1972
- James Hawkes (1776-1865), American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Otsego County, 1819-20; U.S. Representative from New York 15th District, 1821-23
- George A. Hawkes, American politician, Member of Maine State House of Representatives from Sagadahoc County (2nd), 1931-32
- Elizabeth Hawkes, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Wisconsin State Senate 11th District, 1950; Member of Wisconsin Democratic State Central Committee, 1954
- Albert Wahl Hawkes (1878-1971), American Republican politician, U.S. Senator from New Jersey, 1943-49; Delegate to Republican National Convention from New Jersey, 1944
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
- Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
- Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
- Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
- Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
- Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
- The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
- Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
- Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
- Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
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