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Where did the English Hawkes family come from? When did the Hawkes family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Hawkes family history?The Anglo-Saxon name Hawkes comes from the Old English personal name Hafoc, which means hawk. However, the surname Hawkes may have been applied as a nickname to someone with a wild or cruel disposition. It may also be an occupational surname given to a "hawker" or someone who held land in exchange for providing hawks to a lord. Lastly, the surname Hawkes may be a local surname given to someone who lived in a nook or corner; in this case, the surname is derived from the Old English word halke, which means nook or corner.
Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Hawkes were recorded, including Hawk, Hawke, Hawkes, Hauk, Hauke and others.
First found in Lincolnshire where Jocelin de Hawke was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. While this is the first listing of the name, years later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Records of 1379 list: Thomas Hauke; Thomas Hauke, coteler; Adam Hawke; and Johannes Hawke.  On the more romantic side, one reference claims the name derives from the "bird: allusive to keenness of disposition." 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawkes research. Another 117 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1705 and 1781 are included under the topic Early Hawkes History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 23 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hawkes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Hawkes family emigrate to North America:
Hawkes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Mary Hawkes, who came to Virginia in 1635
- Mary Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1635
- Wm Hawkes, aged 22, landed in Virginia in 1635
- Ellin Hawkes, who arrived in Virginia in 1643
- Edmond Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1650
Hawkes Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Jeffery Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1701
Hawkes Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- George Hawkes, aged 30, arrived in New York in 1812
- N Hawkes, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
- Mr. Hawkes, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1855
- Alfred Hawkes, aged 6, landed in New York in 1862
- Annie Hawkes, aged 7, arrived in New York in 1862
Hawkes Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Robert Hawkes, who landed in Prince Edward Island in 1817
Hawkes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- William Hawkes arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cleveland" in 1839
- Robert Hawkes arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Gratitude" in 1848
- Robert Hawkes arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Stebonheath" in 1849
- Joseph Hawkes, aged 23, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Eliza"
- Elizabeth Hawkes, aged 28, a cook, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Sultana"
Hawkes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- George Hawkes landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
- Robert Hawkes, aged 30, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Seringapatam" in 1856
- Sarah Hawkes arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1864
- Ann Hawkes, aged 25, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alumbagh" in 1875
- Caroline A. Hawkes, aged 28, a housekeeper, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rangitikei" in 1884
- Albert Wahl Hawkes (1878-1971), American politician, U.S.Senator from New Jersey
- Chesney Lee Hawkes (b. 1971), English pop singer-songwriter
- Graham Hawkes (b. 1947), English marine engineer and submarine designer
- Charles Francis Christopher Hawkes (1905-1992), English archaeologist and professor of European prehistory at Oxford University (1946-1972)
- Mr. Sydney William Hawkes (1919-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Narrogin, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking
- Jacquetta Hawkes (1910-1996), British archaeologist
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- Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
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