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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the Scottish Crooks family come from? What is the Scottish Crooks family crest and coat of arms? When did the Crooks family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Crooks family history?

The name Crooks was first used by Viking settlers in ancient Scotland. It was a name for a crooked person. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character. This nickname was originally derived from the Old Norman word crok which meant "hook" or "something crooked."

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The spellings of Scottish names dating from the medieval era often bear little resemblance to those seen today. They vary enormously because scribes in that time spelled according to their ears. Some spelling variations of the name Crooks include Crook, Crooke, Crooks, Cruik, Cruiks, Crok, Cruke, Crukes, Cruikes and many more.

First found in Lancashire (located in northwest England and dates back to 1180), where they held a family seat from early times, before the Norman Conquest in 1066.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crooks research. Another 275 words(20 lines of text) covering the years 1674 and 1641 are included under the topic Early Crooks History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 67 words(5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crooks Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Crooks family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 109 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The farms of Scottish settlers soon dotted the east coast of the colonies that would become the nations of the United States and Canada. Many of those migrants and their children went on to play important roles in the founding the great nations of North America. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Scottish name Crooks or a variant listed above, including:

Crooks Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Benham Crooks, who arrived in New York in 1804
  • Benjam Crooks, aged 11, landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Jane Crooks, aged 50, arrived in New York, NY in 1804
  • Margaret Crooks, who arrived in New York in 1804
  • Sarni Crooks, who landed in New York in 1804


Crooks Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • John Crooks, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752

Crooks Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Mary Ann Crooks, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
  • David Crooks arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Dauntless" in 1840
  • John Crooks, English convict from Derby, who was transported aboard the "Agincourt" on July 6, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia

Crooks Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Francis Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
  • Eliza Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
  • M. Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
  • Agnes Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
  • Samuel Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880


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  • Hulda Crooks (1896-1997), American mountaineer who successfully scaled 14,505-foot Mount Whitney 23 times between the ages of 65 and 91 as well as 97 other peaks during this period
  • N. Patrick Crooks (b. 1938), American justice on the Wisconsin Supreme Court elected in 1996 and re-elected in 2006
  • Richard Alexander Crooks (1900-1972), American tenor and a leading singer
  • John Charles "Jack" Crooks (1865-1918), American Major League Baseball infielder
  • Shanna Crooks, American singer/songwriter
  • Dave Crooks, former American member of the Indiana House of Representatives
  • Arthur Crooks (1838-1888), English-American architect
  • George Richard Crooks (1822-1897), United States writer, educator, and Methodist minister
  • Garth Anthony Crooks (b. 1958), retired English football player
  • Leading Aircraftsman Lee Crooks (b. 1978), English infantry soldier in the RAF Regiment

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  • Records of Stark, Hamilton, Duncan, Crooks, McConnell, Freytag, Seaver, Brandt Families by Evelyn Potter Freytag.
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  1. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  2. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  3. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  4. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
  5. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  7. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  8. Moody David. Scottish Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0806312688).
  9. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  10. Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
  11. ...

The Crooks Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crooks Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 8 January 2015 at 12:49.

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