Crooks History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Crooks was first used by Viking settlers in ancient Scotland. It was a name for a crooked person. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character. This nickname was originally derived from the Old Norman word crok which meant "hook" or "something crooked." While this origin can be expected, more accurately, the name was for someone "who came from Crook (hill, or bend of a river), the name of several places in England and Scotland." [1]

Early Origins of the Crooks family

The surname Crooks was first found in Westmorland at Crook, a chapelry, in the parish, union, and ward of Kendal [2] of at Crook, a hamlet in the parish of Shevington, Lancashire. We find the earliest record of the family at the latter location. Specifically, the Lay Subsidy Rolls of 1332 list William del Crok there at that time. [3] Kirby's Quest lists Kohn de Cruk in Somerset, 1 Edward III (during the first years of King Edward III's reign.)

Later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed: Johannes de Crake; Thomas de Crokes; and Johanna de Crekes. [3]

Moving further north into Scotland, two of the first entries were Malcolm Crok and Robert Cruk of Fingaldestone, Lanarkshire, who both rendered homage to King Edward I in his conquest of Scotland. A few years later, a benefice was reserved to Adam Croke of the diocese of St. Andrew in 1329 and John Cruke was a tenant in Garvalde under the Douglas in 1376. [4]

Important Dates for the Crooks family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crooks research. Another 138 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1674, 1641 and are included under the topic Early Crooks History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Crooks Spelling Variations

The spellings of Scottish names dating from the medieval era often bear little resemblance to those seen today. They vary enormously because scribes in that time spelled according to their ears. Some spelling variations of the name Crooks include Crook, Crooke, Crooks, Cruik, Cruiks, Crok, Cruke, Crukes, Cruikes and many more.

Early Notables of the Crooks family (pre 1700)

Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crooks Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Crooks family to Ireland

Some of the Crooks family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Crooks migration to the United States

The farms of Scottish settlers soon dotted the east coast of the colonies that would become the nations of the United States and Canada. Many of those migrants and their children went on to play important roles in the founding the great nations of North America. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Scottish name Crooks or a variant listed above, including:

Crooks Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Benham Crooks, who arrived in New York in 1804 [5]
  • Benjam Crooks, aged 11, who landed in New York, NY in 1804 [5]
  • Jane Crooks, aged 50, who arrived in New York, NY in 1804 [5]
  • Margaret Crooks, who arrived in New York in 1804 [5]
  • Sarni Crooks, who landed in New York in 1804 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Crooks migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Crooks Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Crooks, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
Crooks Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Margaret Crooks, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1813
  • Miss. Catherine Crooks, aged 1 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Free Trader" departing 22nd June 1847 from Liverpool, England; the ship arrived on 14th August 1847 but she died on board [6]

Crooks migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Crooks Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mary Ann Crooks, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]
  • David Crooks, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Dauntless" in 1840 [8]
  • John Crooks, English convict from Derby, who was transported aboard the "Agincourt" on July 6, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [9]

Crooks migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Crooks Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Mary Crooks, (b. 1825), aged 31, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Joseph Fletcher" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 24th October 1856 [10]
  • Mr. Henry Crooks, (b. 1828), aged 28, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Joseph Fletcher" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 24th October 1856 [10]
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Crooks, (b. 1832), aged 28, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Gananoque" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 9th May 1860 [10]
  • Mr. Robert Crooks, (b. 1838), aged 22, British gardener travelling from London aboard the ship "Gananoque" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 9th May 1860 [10]
  • Francis Crooks, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Crooks (post 1700)

  • William Crooks, American Colonel of the Minnesota Volunteers' Sixth Regiment during the American Civil War, eponym of the William Crooks, a 4-4-0 steam locomotive,the first locomotive to operate in the U.S. state of Minnesota
  • N. Patrick Crooks (1938-2015), American jurist, Associate Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court (1996-2015)
  • George Richard Crooks (1822-1897), United States writer, educator, and Methodist minister
  • Arthur Crooks (1838-1888), English-American architect
  • Dave Crooks, former American member of the Indiana House of Representatives
  • Shanna Crooks, American singer/songwriter
  • John Charles "Jack" Crooks (1865-1918), American Major League Baseball infielder
  • Richard Alexander Crooks (1900-1972), American tenor and a leading singer
  • Hulda Crooks (1896-1997), American mountaineer who successfully scaled 14,505-foot Mount Whitney 23 times between the ages of 65 and 91 as well as 97 other peaks during this period
  • Ramsay Crooks (1787-1859), Scottish immigrant to Canada who worked in a trading post on the Great Lakes and later helped W. Price Hunt to organize and lead an overland trip to Astoria in the Oregon Country for John Jacob Astor in 1809
  • ... (Another 17 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Crooks family

RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Robert Williams Crooks, English 1st Class Passenger residing in Toronto, Ontario, Canada going to Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [11]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 71)
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) DAUNTLESS 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Dauntless.htm
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Agincourt voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 226 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agincourt/1844
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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