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The name Crooks was first used by Viking settlers in ancient Scotland. It was a name for a crooked person. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character. This nickname was originally derived from the Old Norman word crok which meant "hook" or "something crooked."

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The surname Crooks was first found in Lancashire (located in northwest England and dates back to 1180), where they held a family seat from early times, before the Norman Conquest in 1066.

The spellings of Scottish names dating from the medieval era often bear little resemblance to those seen today. They vary enormously because scribes in that time spelled according to their ears. Some spelling variations of the name Crooks include Crook, Crooke, Crooks, Cruik, Cruiks, Crok, Cruke, Crukes, Cruikes and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crooks research. Another 275 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1674 and 1641 are included under the topic Early Crooks History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crooks Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Crooks family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 109 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The farms of Scottish settlers soon dotted the east coast of the colonies that would become the nations of the United States and Canada. Many of those migrants and their children went on to play important roles in the founding the great nations of North Ameri ca. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Scottish name Crooks or a variant listed above, including:

Crooks Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Benham Crooks, who arrived in New York in 1804
  • Benjam Crooks, aged 11, landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Jane Crooks, aged 50, arrived in New York, NY in 1804
  • Margaret Crooks, who arrived in New York in 1804
  • Sarni Crooks, who landed in New York in 1804
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Crooks Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • John Crooks, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752

Crooks Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Margaret Crooks, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1813

Crooks Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Mary Ann Crooks, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
  • David Crooks arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Dauntless" in 1840
  • John Crooks, English convict from Derby, who was transported aboard the "Agincourt" on July 6, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia

Crooks Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Francis Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
  • Eliza Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
  • M. Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
  • Agnes Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
  • Samuel Crooks arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
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  • N. Patrick Crooks (1938-2015), American jurist, Associate Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court (1996-2015)
  • George Richard Crooks (1822-1897), United States writer, educator, and Methodist minister
  • Arthur Crooks (1838-1888), English-American architect
  • Dave Crooks, former American member of the Indiana House of Representatives
  • Shanna Crooks, American singer/songwriter
  • John Charles "Jack" Crooks (1865-1918), American Major League Baseball infielder
  • Richard Alexander Crooks (1900-1972), American tenor and a leading singer
  • Hulda Crooks (1896-1997), American mountaineer who successfully scaled 14,505-foot Mount Whitney 23 times between the ages of 65 and 91 as well as 97 other peaks during this period
  • William Crooks (1776-1836), businessman and political figure in Upper Canada
  • John Crooks, English rugby league footballer
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Crooks Historic Events



RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. Robert Williams Crooks, English 1st Class Passenger residing in Toronto, Ontario, Canada going to Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered
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  • Records of Stark, Hamilton, Duncan, Crooks, McConnell, Freytag, Seaver, Brandt Families by Evelyn Potter Freytag.
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
    2. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
    3. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
    4. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
    5. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    6. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
    7. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
    8. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    9. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    10. Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
    11. ...

    The Crooks Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crooks Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 22 September 2015 at 10:02.

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